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inosinmonofosfát

Inosine 5`-Monophosphate. A purine nucleotide which has hypoxanthine as the base and one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety.
MSH

purine nucleotide which has hypoxanthine as the base and one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety.
CSP

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bakteriální infekce

Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
MSH

infections and associated diseases caused by bacteria, general or unspecified.
CSP

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won`t hurt you – less than 1 percent makes people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese.

But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli.

Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

An infection caused by bacteria.
NCI

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anatomie srovnávací

The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

The comparison of the structure (anatomy) of one animal or plant with the structure of a different animal or plant.
NCI

The study of similarities and differences in homologous and analagous structures between different organisms.
NCI

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reprodukční chování

The specific actions or reactions of an organism that are associated with reproduction. [GOC:jl]
GO

Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.
MSH

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dichlorvos

An organophosphorus insecticide that inhibits acetylcholinesterase.
MSH

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ústavní praxe

Professional practice as an employee or contractee of a health care institution.
MSH

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bambermyciny

Antibiotic complex obtained from Streptomyces bambergiensis containing mainly Moenomycins A and C. They are used as feed additives and growth promoters for poultry, swine, and cattle.
MSH

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respirační paralýza

Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.
MSH

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dieta makrobiotická

An approach to nutrition based on whole cereal grains, beans, cooked vegetables and the Chinese YIN-YANG principle. It advocates a diet consisting of organic and locally grown foods, seasonal vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and fewer fats, sugars, and chemically processed foods.
MSH

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pojištění při dlouhodobé péči

Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
MSH

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arteria basilaris

The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.
MSH

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epidemiologické faktory

Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.
MSH

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retina – degenerace

A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)
MSH

retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging.
CSP

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digitalisové glykosidy

Glycosides from plants of the genus DIGITALIS. Some of these are useful as cardiotonic and anti-arrhythmia agents. Included also are semi-synthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring glycosides. The term has sometimes been used more broadly to include all CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES, but here is restricted to those related to Digitalis.
MSH

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interleukin-3

A multilineage cell growth factor secreted by LYMPHOCYTES; EPITHELIAL CELLS; and ASTROCYTES which stimulates clonal proliferation and differentiation of various types of blood and tissue cells.
MSH

lymphokine produced by antigen or mitogen activated T lymphocytes which stimulates proliferation of hematopoietic as well as lymphoid stem cells; a colony stimulating factor for bone marrow progenitor cells; supports growth and differentiation of early hematopoieteic and lymphoid stem cells as well as that of more mature hematopoietic cells, including granulocytes, macrophages and mast cells.
CSP

One of a group of related proteins made by leukocytes (white blood cells) and other cells in the body. IL-3 is made mainly by a type of T lymphocyte. It increases the number of blood cells made by the bone marrow. IL-3 made in the laboratory is used as a biological response modifier to boost the immune system in cancer therapy. IL-3 is a type of cytokine.
NCI

A group of proteins that causes blood cells to grow and mature.
NCI

Human interleukin-3 (152 aa, 17 kDa precursor) is encoded by the human interleukin-3 (IL3) gene. This protein is a potent growth-promoting cytokine that enhances the ability of the immune system to fight tumor cells. IL-3 supports proliferation of many hematopoietic cell types. It is involved in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis in addition to possessing neurotrophic activity. Abnormalities in this protein may be associated with neurologic disorders.
NCI

Endogenous growth factors which promote the development of blood cells.
NCI

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poruchy chování

any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual`s normal behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma.
CSP

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epispadie

A birth defect due to malformation of the URETHRA in which the urethral opening is above its normal location. In the male, the malformed urethra generally opens on the top or the side of the PENIS, but the urethra can also be open the entire length of the penis. In the female, the malformed urethral opening is often between the CLITORIS and the labia, or in the ABDOMEN.
MSH

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Retroviridae – proteiny

Proteins from the family Retroviridae. The most frequently encountered member of this family is the Rous sarcoma virus protein.
MSH

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dijodtyrosin

A product from the iodination of MONOIODOTYROSINE. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, diiodotyrosine residues are coupled with other monoiodotyrosine or diiodotyrosine residues to form T4 or T3 thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE).
MSH

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meziobratlová ploténka – výhřez

An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
MSH

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benzaldehyde

A chemical used in flavorings and in some dyes, perfumes, and medicines. It is found in essential oils made from almonds and peach pits and in other foods. It can also be made in the laboratory.
NCI

A color liquid aldehyde with an almond odor. Benzaldehyde is found in many foods and is widely used in the chemical industry. In the chemical industry, this agent is used in the preparation of various aniline dyes, perfumes, flavorings, and pharmaceuticals. In addition, benzaldehyde has been associated with amygdalin (laetrile), since one of amygdalins breakdown products is benzaldehyde. (NCI)
NCI

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Ergocalciferol

Vitamin D synthesized from 7-dehydrocholesterol in the skin after exposure to UVB radiation.
NCI

A form of vitamin D that helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils) and is found in plants and yeast. It can be made in the body from another form of vitamin D when the body is exposed to the sun. Ergocalciferol is also made in the laboratory. It is used to prevent and to treat vitamin D deficiency. It is a type of dietary supplement.
NCI

Vitamin D2, a fat-soluble vitamin important for many biochemical processes including the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. In vivo, ergocalciferol is formed after sun (ultraviolet) irradiation of plant-derived ergosterol, another form of vitamin D. Ergocalciferol is the form of vitamin D usually found in vitamin supplements. (NCI04)
NCI

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atrofická rýma

A chronic inflammation in which the NASAL MUCOSA gradually changes from a functional to a non-functional lining without mucociliary clearance. It is often accompanied by degradation of the bony TURBINATES, and the foul-smelling mucus which forms a greenish crust (ozena).
MSH

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Dinoflagellida

Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.
MSH

protozoans of the class Phytomastigophorea, found mainly in the oceans; they are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water.
CSP

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky měděné

Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
MSH

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benzoylcholin

The benzoic acid ester of choline.
MSH

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erythrokruoriny

High molecular weight (1,500,000 to 3,000,000) hemoglobins found in the plasma of many polychete and oligochete annelid worms and various mollusks. They bind one mole of oxygen per heme and function as oxygen carriers.
MSH

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riboflavin

Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.
MSH

water soluble B vitamin; precursor of FMN and FAD.
CSP

Water-soluble vitamin that is a coenzyme in numerous oxidation-reduction reactions. (DRI)
NCI

A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Riboflavin helps make red blood cells, helps some enzymes work properly, and keeps skin, nails, and hair healthy. It is found in milk, eggs, malted barley, organ meats, yeast, and leafy vegetables. Riboflavin is water-soluble (can dissolve in water) and must be taken in every day. Not enough riboflavin can cause anemia (a low number of red blood cells), mouth sores, and skin problems. Amounts of riboflavin may be higher in the blood of patients with some types of cancer.
NCI

An essential human nutrient that is a heat-stable and water-soluble flavin belonging to the vitamin B family. Riboflavin is a precursor of the coenzymes flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). These coenzymes are of vital importance in normal tissue respiration, pyridoxine activation, tryptophan to niacin conversion, fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism, and glutathione reductase mediated detoxification. Riboflavin may also be involved in maintaining erythrocyte integrity. This vitamin is essential for healthy skin, nails, and hair. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38330&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38330&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C808″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An essential human nutrient that is a heat-stable and water-soluble flavin belonging to the vitamin B family. Riboflavin is a precursor of the coenzymes flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). These coenzymes are of vital importance in normal tissue respiration, pyridoxine activation, tryptophan to niacin conversion, fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism, and glutathione reductase mediated detoxification. Riboflavin may also be involved in maintaining erythrocyte integrity. This vitamin is essential for healthy skin, nails, and hair.
NCI

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dipyridamol

A phosphodiesterase inhibitor that blocks uptake and metabolism of adenosine by erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells. Dipyridamole also potentiates the antiaggregating action of prostacyclin. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p752)
MSH

platelet inhibitor and coronary vasodilator used to prevent thromboembolism associated with mechanical heart valves, as prophylactic adjunct in the prevention of myocardial reinfarction, and as a diagnostic aid adjunct in myocardial perfusion imaging; administered orally and intravenously.
CSP

A drug that prevents blood cell clumping and enhances the effectiveness of fluorouracil and other chemotherapeutic agents.
NCI

A synthetic agent derivative of pyrimido-pyrimidine, with antiplatelet properties. Dipyridamole inhibits adenosine uptake by platelets and endothelial cells, triggering an accumulation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and inhibiting the stimulation of platelet aggregation by agents such as platelet activating factor and collagen. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39229&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39229&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C445″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic agent derivative of pyrimido-pyrimidine, with antiplatelet properties. Dipyridamole inhibits adenosine uptake by platelets and endothelial cells, triggering an accumulation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and inhibiting the stimulation of platelet aggregation by agents such as platelet activating factor and collagen. (NCI04)
NCI

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jodpyridony

Iodinated pyridine derivatives that are often used as contrast media.
MSH

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