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Eucalyptus

A genus of Australian trees of the Myrtaceae family that yields gums, oils, and resins which are used as flavoring agents, astringents, and aromatics, and formerly to treat diarrhea, asthma, bronchitis, and respiratory tract infections.
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eugenika

The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with “undesirable” phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
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eugenol

A cinnamate derivative of the shikamate pathway found in CLOVE OIL and other PLANTS.
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Euglena

organism considered both a protozoon and an alga; characteristics include a pellicle usually marked by spiral or longitudinal striations; most are found in stagnant water.
CSP

A genus of EUKARYOTES, in the phylum EUGLENIDA, found mostly in stagnant water. Characteristics include a pellicle usually marked by spiral or longitudinal striations.
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Euglena gracilis

A species of fresh-water, flagellated EUKARYOTES in the phylum EUGLENIDA.
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eukaryotické buňky

Cells of the higher organisms, containing a true nucleus bounded by a nuclear membrane.
MSH

organism whose cells have a true nucleus, i.e., one bounded by a nuclear membrane, within which lie the chromosomes, combined with proteins and exhibiting mitosis; also contain many membrane-bound compartments (organelles) in which cellular functions are performed; cells of higher plants and animals, fungi, protozoa, and most algae are eukaryotic.
CSP

Cells of the higher organisms, containing a true nucleus bounded by a nuclear membrane. (MeSH)
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Evropa

continent between Asia and the Atlantic Ocean.
CSP

The continent whose boundaries are the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Ural Mountains and Ural River in the east, the Caspian Sea, Caucasus mountains and Black Sea in the southeast and the Mediterranean Sea in the south.
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Evropská unie

The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
MSH

A supranational organization of 27 countries across the European continent.
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europium

Europium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Eu, atomic number 63, and atomic weight 152. Europium is used in the form of its salts as coatings for cathode ray tubes and in the form of its organic derivatives as shift reagents in NMR spectroscopy.
MSH

element of the rare earth family of metals, atomic symbol Eu, atomic number 63, and atomic weight 152; europium is used in the form of its salts as coatings for cathode ray tubes and in the form of its organic derivatives as shift reagents in NMR spectroscopy.
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Eustachova trubice

Organ with organ cavity which connects the cavity of the middle ear to the cavity of the pharynx. Examples: There are only two pharyngotympanic tubes, the right and the left pharyngotympanic tubes.
UWDA

A narrow passageway that connects the upper part of the throat to the TYMPANIC CAVITY.
MSH

tube that connects the pharynx to the middle ear space allowing for equalization of pressure across the eardrum.
CSP

Organ with organ cavity which connects the cavity of the middle ear to the cavity of the pharynx. Examples: There are only two pharyngotympanic tubes, the right and the left pharyngotympanic tubes.
FMA

A tubular structure that runs from the middle ear to the nasopharynx and is approximately 3-4 cm length. Its lumen is roughly triangular and has average diameter of 2-3 mm. The lumen is lined by ciliated pseudostratified, columnar epithelium, which sweeps material from the middle ear to the nasopharynx. It is functionally collapsed at rest, with slight negative pressure present in the middle ear, and opens during swallowing, sneezing, and yawning. It serves to ventilate pressure differences between the middle ear and nasopharynx. This tube also allows middle ear secretions to drain into the nasopharynx.
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eutanazie

The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
MSH

An easy or painless death, or the intentional ending of the life of a person suffering from an incurable or painful disease at his or her request.
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eutanazie pasivní

Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
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eutyreoidální `sick` syndromy

Conditions of abnormal THYROID HORMONES release in patients with apparently normal THYROID GLAND during severe systemic illness, physical TRAUMA, and psychiatric disturbances. It can be caused by the loss of endogenous hypothalamic input or by exogenous drug effects. The most common abnormality results in low T3 THYROID HORMONE with progressive decrease in THYROXINE; (T4) and TSH. Elevated T4 with normal T3 may be seen in diseases in which THYROXINE-BINDING GLOBULIN synthesis and release are increased.
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eutrofikace

The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.
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hodnotící studie

Works consisting of studies determining the effectiveness or utility of processes, personnel, and equipment.
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Evansova modř

An azo dye used in blood volume and cardiac output measurement by the dye dilution method. It is very soluble, strongly bound to plasma albumin, and disappears very slowly.
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evokované potenciály

The recorded electrical responses from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported. Often used synonymously to event-related potentials which are associated with higher level cognitive processes.
MSH

immediate nervous system electrical response to sensory input; may result from natural, electrical, or chemical stimulation of sensory or motor neurons; used to study neurophysiological phenomena or in clinical diagnosis.
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evokované potenciály sluchové

The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
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evokované potenciály somatosenzorické

The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by stimulation along AFFERENT PATHWAYS from PERIPHERAL NERVES to CEREBRUM.
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evokované potenciály zrakové

The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.
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biologická evoluce

process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
CSP

The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
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exantém

Diseases in which skin eruptions or rashes are a prominent manifestation. Classically, six such diseases were described with similar rashes; they were numbered in the order in which they were reported. Only the fourth (Duke`s disease), fifth (ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM), and sixth (EXANTHEMA SUBITUM) numeric designations survive as occasional synonyms in current terminology.
MSH

A rash is an area of irritated or swollen skin. It might be red and itchy, bumpy, scaly, crusty or blistered. Rashes are a symptom of many different medical conditions. Things that can cause a rash include other diseases, irritating substances, allergies and your genetic makeup.

Contact dermatitis is a common cause of rashes. It causes redness, itching and burning where you have touched an irritant, such as a chemical, or something you are allergic to, like poison ivy.

Some rashes develop immediately. Others form over several days. If you scratch your rash, it might take longer to heal. The treatment for a rash usually depends on its cause. Options include moisturizers, lotions, baths, cortisone creams that relieve swelling, and antihistamines, which relieve itching.


MEDLINEPLUS

Any change in the skin which affects its appearance or texture. A rash may be localized to one part of the body, or affect all the skin. Rashes may cause the skin to change color, itch, become warm, bumpy, dry, cracked or blistered, swell and may be painful.
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exanthema subitum

An acute, short-lived, viral disease of infants and young children characterized by a high fever at onset that drops to normal after 3-4 days and the concomitant appearance of a macular or maculopapular rash that appears first on the trunk and then spreads to other areas. It is the sixth of the classical exanthematous diseases and is caused by HHV-6; (HERPESVIRUS 6, HUMAN). (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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výměnná transfúze plné krve

Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
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excipienty

Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.
MSH

Any intentionally added component of a finished pharmaceutical product other than the claimed therapeutic or diagnostic ingredient(s). The excipients are added to facilitate administration or manufacture, improve product delivery, promote the consistent release and bioavailability of the drug, enhance stability, assist in product identification, or enhance other product characteristics. Pharmaceutical excipients do not affect therapeutic effects of the preparation or suitable tests or assays. The term does not apply to macromolecular compounds like albumin, or compounds like amino acids and sugars that are used in biological products, nor does it apply to process or product-related impurities (e.g. degradation products, residual solvents), or extraneous contaminants.
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Excision Repair

Excision Repair mechanisms remove and replace damaged nucleotides from DNA molecules with new nucleotide subunits, e.g., Base Excision Repair, Nucleotide Excision Repair, or SOS Function.
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Exkoriace

A superficial traumatic injury to the skin caused most often by scratching, but also by abrasions or by a chemical or thermal burn.
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Evisceration – action

Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

Surgery to remove organs within a body cavity.
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cvičení

Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
MSH

physical activity as practiced in recreation, amateur and professional sports, or planned activity to improve physical condition or health.
CSP

Activity that requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness.
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námahový test

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
MSH

A recording of cardiac electrical activity during stress or exercise.
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