Additional pages

IKTERIZIA

A clinical manifestation of HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, characterized by the yellowish staining of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA. Clinical jaundice usually is a sign of LIVER dysfunction.
MSH

clinical manifestation of hyperbilirubinemia, consisting of deposition of bile pigments in the skin, resulting in a yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes.
CSP

A condition in which the skin and the whites of the eyes become yellow, urine darkens, and the color of stool becomes lighter than normal. Jaundice occurs when the liver is not working properly or when a bile duct is blocked.
NCI

Jaundice causes your skin and the whites of your eyes to turn yellow. Too much bilirubin causes jaundice. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical in hemoglobin, the substance that carries oxygen in your red blood cells. As red blood cells break down, your body builds new cells to replace them. The old ones are processed by the liver. If the liver cannot handle the blood cells as they break down, bilirubin builds up in the body and your skin may look yellow.

Many healthy babies have some jaundice during the first week of life. It usually goes away. However, jaundice can happen at any age and may be a sign of a problem. Jaundice can happen for many reasons, such as:

  • Blood diseases
  • Genetic syndromes
  • Liver diseases, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis
  • Blockage of bile ducts
  • Infections
  • Medicines


MEDLINEPLUS

skin yellowing due to excessive bilirubin in body
CHV

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žloutenka chronická idiopatická

A benign, autosomally recessive inherited hyperbilirubinemia characterized by the presence of a dark pigment in the centrilobular region of the liver cells. There is a functional defect in biliary excretion of bilirubin, cholephilic dyes, and porphyrins. Affected persons may be asymptomatic or have vague constitutional or gastrointestinal symptoms. The liver may be slightly enlarged, and oral and intravenous cholangiography fails to visualize the biliary tract.
MSH

An inherited autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the presence of mild jaundice due to abnormalities in the bilirubin transportation from the liver parenchyma to the biliary system.
NCI

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novorozenecká žloutenka

Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
MSH

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žloutenka obstrukční

Jaundice, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.
MSH

A finding indicating increased bilirubin levels in the blood and urine, due to intrahepatic or extrahepatic obstruction of the biliary system.
NCI

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čelisti

Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
MSH

bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth; consists of the mandible and the maxilla.
CSP

The bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth.
NCI

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čelisti – abnormality

Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the jaw.
MSH

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cysty čelistí

Saccular lesions lined with epithelium and contained within pathologically formed cavities in the jaw; also nonepithelial cysts (pseudocysts) as they apply to the jaw, e.g., traumatic or solitary cyst, static bone cavity, and aneurysmal bone cyst. True jaw cysts are classified as odontogenic or nonodontogenic.
MSH

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čelisti – fraktury

Fractures of the upper or lower jaw.
MSH

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čelisti – nádory

Cancers or tumors of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE unspecified. For neoplasms of the maxilla, MAXILLARY NEOPLASMS is available and of the mandible, MANDIBULAR NEOPLASMS is available.
MSH

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skus – záznam

A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
MSH

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čelisti bezzubé

The total absence of teeth from either the mandible or the maxilla, but not both. Total absence of teeth from both is MOUTH, EDENTULOUS. Partial absence of teeth in either is JAW, EDENTULOUS, PARTIALLY.
MSH

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čelisti částečně bezzubé

Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
MSH

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virus JC

A species of POLYOMAVIRUS, originally isolated from the brain of a patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. The patient`s initials J.C. gave the virus its name. Infection is not accompanied by any apparent illness but serious demyelinating disease can appear later, probably following reactivation of latent virus.
MSH

isolated from brain of patient with progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy; antibodies found in man, suggesting it is a common infection; experimentally virus is highly oncogenic in new-born hamsters.
CSP

One of two polyomaviruses found in humans. JC virus can infect the respiratory system, kidneys, or brain, sometimes causing the fatal progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in the latter case. It is very widespread with approximately 80 percent of the adult population in the United States having antibodies to and JC. (from WordIQ.com)
NCI

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žárlivost

An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and self criticism.
MSH

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Svědkové Jehovovi

Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah`s Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
MSH

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jejunum – nemoci

Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
MSH

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jejunum – nádory

Tumors or cancer in the JEJUNUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
MSH

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jejunoileální bypass

A procedure consisting of the SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the proximal part of the JEJUNUM to the distal portion of the ILEUM, so as to bypass the nutrient-absorptive segment of the SMALL INTESTINE. Due to the severe malnutrition and life-threatening metabolic complications, this method is no longer used to treat MORBID OBESITY.
MSH

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jejunostomie

Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.
MSH

Surgical creation of an external opening into the jejunum.
NCI

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jejunum

The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
MSH

portion of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum.
CSP

The portion of the small intestine that extends from the duodenum to the ileum. (NCI)
NCI

second part of the small bowel
CHV

The portion of the small intestine that extends from the duodenum to the ileum.
NCI

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Jervellův-Lange-Nielsenův syndrom

A form of long QT syndrome that is associated with congenital deafness. It is characterized by abnormal cardioelectrophysiology involving the VOLTAGE-GATED POTASSIUM CHANNEL. It results from mutation of KCNQ1 gene (Subtype 1 or JLN1) or the KCNE1 gene (Subtype 2 or JLN2).
MSH

An autosomal recessive inherited syndrome caused by mutations in the KCNE1 and KCNQ1 genes. It is characterized by congenital hearing loss and arrhythmia. It is a form of long QT syndrome.
NCI

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židé

An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.
MSH

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zaměstnání – žádost o místo

Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.
MSH

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popis práce

Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.
MSH

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pracovní uspokojení

Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.
MSH

experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied in relation to the job.
CSP

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Jobův syndrom

Primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent infections and hyperimmunoglobulinemia E. Most cases are sporadic. Of the rare familial forms, the dominantly inherited subtype has additional connective tissue, dental and skeletal involvement that the recessive type does not share.
MSH

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jogging

Running at a low rate of speed. It can be done as a means of conditioning or for general health and well being.
MSH

Running at a trot as a form of cardiopulmonary exercise.
NCI

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sdružená komise pro akreditaci organizací zdravotní péče

A private, voluntary, not-for-profit organization which establishes standards for the operation of health facilities and services, conducts surveys, and awards accreditation.
MSH

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klouby – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the joints.
CSP

A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases. Arthritis or simply years of use may cause a joint to wear away. This can cause pain, stiffness and swelling. Over time, a swollen joint can become severely damaged.

Treatment of joint problems depends on the cause. If you have a sports injury, treatment often begins with the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling and speed healing. Other possible treatments include pain relievers, keeping the injured area from moving, rehabilitation, and sometimes surgery. For arthritis, injuries, or other diseases, you may need joint replacement surgery to remove the damaged joint and put in a new one.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Any disease of the joints.
NCI

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klouby – nestabilita

Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
MSH

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