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kloubní myšky

Fibrous, bony, cartilaginous and osteocartilaginous fragments in a synovial joint. Major causes are osteochondritis dissecans, synovial chondromatosis, osteophytes, fractured articular surfaces and damaged menisci.
MSH

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klouby – protézy

Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

artificial substitute, constructed of either synthetic or biological material, which is used to partially or totally replace or repair injured or diseased joints.
CSP

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klouby

Anatomical junction which consists of two or more adjacent bones or cartilages, parts of which are interconnected by organ parts that consist of various types of connective tissue. Together with other joints and bones, a joint constitutes the skeletal system. Examples: pubic symphysis, knee joint, temporomandibular joint.
UWDA

articulation of bones; the place of union or junction between two or more bones of the skeleton.
CSP

Anatomical junction which consists of parts of two or more adjacent bones or cartilages which are interconnected by organs and/or organ parts that consist of various types of connective tissue. Together with other joints and bones, a joint constitutes the skeletal system. Examples: pubic symphysis, knee joint, temporomandibular joint.
FMA

The connection point between two bones or skeletal elements. The joint may be fixed or movable. (NCI)
NCI

In medicine, the place where two or more bones are connected. Examples include the shoulder, elbow, knee, and jaw.
NCI

The connection point between two bones or skeletal elements. The joint may be fixed or movable.
NCI

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Jordánsko

A country in the Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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josamycin

A macrolide antibiotic from Streptomyces narbonensis. The drug has antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens.
MSH

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periodika stomatologická – publikování

Content, management, editing, policies, and printing of dental periodicals such as journals, newsletters, tabloids, and bulletins.
MSH

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judaismus

The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

The monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud. (WordNet)
NCI

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mínění

The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
MSH

process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
CSP

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role soudu

The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
MSH

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venae jugulares

Veins in the neck which drain the brain, face, and neck into the brachiocephalic or subclavian veins.
NCI

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Jungova teorie

A theoretical psychoanalytical system centered around symbols of the unconscious with the unconscious material derived from two sources – the personal unconscious (repressed or forgotten experiences, thoughts and feelings) and the collective or objective unconscious (the universal inherited qualities which dispose individuals to behave in ways similar to their ancestors).
MSH

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právní vědy

The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
MSH

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zločinnost mladistvých

The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
MSH

antisocial behavior by youths which is subject to legal sanctions.
CSP

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juvenilní hormony

Compounds, either natural or synthetic, which block development of the growing insect.
MSH

natural or synthetic compounds which prevent metamorphosis in the growing insect.
CSP

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juxtaglomerulární aparát

A complex of cells consisting of juxtaglomerular cells, extraglomerular mesangium lacis cells, the macula densa of the distal convoluted tubule, and granular epithelial peripolar cells. Juxtaglomerular cells are modified SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS found in the walls of afferent glomerular arterioles and sometimes the efferent arterioles. Extraglomerular mesangium lacis cells are located in the angle between the afferent and efferent glomerular arterioles. Granular epithelial peripolar cells are located at the angle of reflection of the parietal to visceral angle of the renal corpuscle.
MSH

specialized cells containing secretory granules, located in the tunica media of the afferent glomerular arterioles; major structural component responsible for the release of renin; play a major role in renal autoregulation.
CSP

Cellular population adjacent to the renal corpuscle, composed of the macula densa, the juxtaglomerular cells, and the extraglomerular mesangial cells. It regulates the blood pressure by activating the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.
NCI

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kyselina kainová

(2S-(2 alpha,3 beta,4 beta))-2-Carboxy-4-(1-methylethenyl)-3-pyrrolidineacetic acid. Ascaricide obtained from the red alga Digenea simplex. It is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist at some types of excitatory amino acid receptors and has been used to discriminate among receptor types. Like many excitatory amino acid agonists it can cause neurotoxicity and has been used experimentally for that purpose.
MSH

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kalidin

A decapeptide bradykinin homolog cleaved from kininogen by kallikreins. It is a smooth-muscle stimulant and hypotensive agent that acts by vasodilatation.
MSH

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kalikreiny

Proteolytic enzymes from the serine endopeptidase family found in normal blood and urine. Specifically, Kallikreins are potent vasodilators and hypotensives and increase vascular permeability and affect smooth muscle. They act as infertility agents in men. Three forms are recognized, PLASMA KALLIKREIN (EC 3.4.21.34), TISSUE KALLIKREIN (EC 3.4.21.35), and PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN (EC 3.4.21.77).
MSH

Serine proteases that are found in many different tissues and fluids in the body. The kallikrein protease family is comprised of potent vasodilators and hypotensives agents, thus they play important roles in inflammation and blood pressure. These enzymes normally reside in the body as inactive prekallikreins, which are activated by Hageman factor.
NCI

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kanamycin

Antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces kanamyceticus from Japanese soil. Comprises 3 components: kanamycin A, the major component, and kanamycins B and C, the minor components.
MSH

aminoglycoside antibiotic complex effective against aerobic gram-negative bacilli and some gram-positive bacteria including mycobacteria.
CSP

An aminoglycoside antibiotic with antimicrobial property. Amikacin irreversibly binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit, specifically in contact with 16S rRNA and S12 protein within the 30S subunit. This leads to interference with translational initiation complex and, misreading of mRNA, thereby hampering protein synthesis and resulting in bactericidal effect. This agent is usually used for treatment of E. coli, Proteus species (both indole-positive and indole-negative), E. aerogenes, K. pneumoniae, S. marcescens, and Acinetobacter species.
NCI

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kanamycin – rezistence

Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the antibiotic KANAMYCIN, which can bind to their 70S ribosomes and cause misreading of messenger RNA.
MSH

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Macropus

A genus of kangaroos, wallabies, and wallaroos.
MSH

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Kansas

A state in the central midwest United States. Its capital is Topeka.
NCI

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kaolin

The most common mineral of a group of hydrated aluminum silicates, approximately H2Al2Si2O8-H2O. It is prepared for pharmaceutical and medicinal purposes by levigating with water to remove sand, etc. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) The name is derived from Kao-ling (Chinese: “high ridge”), the original site. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

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Kaposiho erupce variceliformní

A disseminated vesicular-pustular eruption caused by the herpes simplex virus (HERPESVIRUS HOMINIS), the VACCINIA VIRUS, or Varicella zoster (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It is usually superimposed on a preexisting, inactive or active, atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC).
MSH

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guma karaya

Polysaccharide gum from Sterculia urens (STERCULIA). It is used as a suspending or stabilizing agent in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals; a bulk-forming laxative; a surgical lubricant and adhesive; and in the treatment of skin ulcers.
MSH

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Kartagenerův syndrom

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a triad of DEXTROCARDIA; INFERTILITY; and SINUSITIS. The syndrome is caused by mutations of DYNEIN genes encoding motility proteins which are components of sperm tails, and CILIA in the respiratory and the reproductive tracts.
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited syndrome characterized by situs inversus, bronchiectasis, and chronic sinusitis. There is a defect in the function of the cilia that line the respiratory tract.
NCI

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Karwinskia

A plant genus of the family RHAMNACEAE that contains tullidinol (toxin T-544) and peroxisomicine (toxin T-514). It is sometimes called buckthorn but should not be confused with other plants called that.
MSH

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karyometrie

Microscopic study of the spacial distribution pattern of CHROMATIN in CELL NUCLEI and CELL NUCLEOLI.
MSH

Video-microscopy procedure for the analysis of the nuclear chromatin organization status in neoplastic lesions and the detection of nuclear subpopulations on hematoxylin-eosin stained sections.
NCI

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karyotypizace

Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
MSH

The preparation, analysis, and interpretation of a karyotype, the representation of the chromosome set of a cell.
NCI

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kasinin

Dodecapeptide tachykinin found in the central nervous system of the amphibian Kassina senegalensis. It is similar in structure and action to other tachykinins, but is especially effective in contracting smooth muscle tissue and stimulating the micturition reflex.
MSH

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