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Klebsiella

genus of gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains; this genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains. This genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.
MSH

A bacteria that frequently causes lung, urinary tract, intestinal, and wound infections.
NCI

a kind of bacteria that frequently causes lung, urinary tract, intestinal, and wound infections
CHV

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Klebsiella genus level.
NCI

A genus of Gram-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacteria that have a polysaccharide-based capsule and are oxidase negative. Klebsiella spp. are frequent human pathogens.
NCI

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Klebsiella – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus KLEBSIELLA.
MSH

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Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile and oxidase negative. K. rhinoscleromatis is pathogenic and the causative agent of rhinoscleroma, an upper respiratory disease of the nose and pharynx.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis.
NCI

A gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium found consistently and exclusively in patients with RHINOSCLEROMA and their contacts. Formerly an individual species, it is now considered a subspecies of K. pneumoniae.
MSH

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kleptomanie

A disorder characterized by the recurrent failure to resist the impulse to steal items of little intrinsic value; the individual experiences a rising subjective sense of tension before the theft and a sense of gratification or relief during the theft.
NCI

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Klinefelterův syndrom

A form of male HYPOGONADISM, characterized by the presence of an extra X CHROMOSOME, small TESTES, seminiferous tubule dysgenesis, elevated levels of GONADOTROPINS, low serum TESTOSTERONE, underdeveloped secondary sex characteristics, and male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE). Patients tend to have long legs and a slim, tall stature. GYNECOMASTIA is present in many of the patients. The classic form has the karyotype 47,XXY. Several karyotype variants include 48,XXYY; 48,XXXY; 49,XXXXY, and mosaic patterns ( 46,XY/47,XXY; 47,XXY/48,XXXY, etc.).
MSH

genetic disease that produces sterile males with small testes lacking sperm due to XXY karyotype.
CSP

A sex chromosome disorder caused by the presence of an extra X chromosome in the male karyotype. Affected individuals are infertile and have a small penis and testes. They tend to have tall stature and long legs and may have difficulties with speech and language development. Gynecomastia may be present.
NCI

Klinefelter`s syndrome is a condition that occurs in men who have an extra X chromosome in most of their cells. The syndrome can affect different stages of physical, language and social development. The most common symptom is infertility. Because they often don`t make as much of the male hormone testosterone as other boys, teenagers with Klinefelter`s syndrome may have less facial and body hair and may be less muscular than other boys. They may have trouble using language to express themselves. They may be shy and have trouble fitting in.

It is important to start treatment as early as possible. With treatment, most boys grow up to have normal sex lives, successful careers and normal social relationships.Treatments include

  • Educational services
  • Physical, speech and occupational therapy
  • Medical treatments including testosterone replacement

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A genetic disorder in males caused by having one or more extra X chromosomes. Males with this disorder may have larger than normal breasts, a lack of facial and body hair, a rounded body type, and small testicles. They may learn to speak much later than other children and may have difficulty learning to read and write. Klinefelter syndrome increases the risk of developing extragonadal germ cell tumors and breast cancer.
NCI

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Klippelův-Feilův syndrom

A condition characterized by shortness of the neck resulting from reduction in the number of vertebrae or the fusion of multiple hemivertebrae into one osseous mass. The hairline is low and the motion of the neck is limited. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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Klippelova-Trenaunayova nemoc

A congenital disorder that is characterized by a triad of capillary malformations (HEMANGIOMA), venous malformations (ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA), and soft tissue or bony hypertrophy of the limb. This syndrome is caused by mutations in the VG5Q gene which encodes a strong angiogenesis stimulator.
MSH

A rare syndrome characterized by the presence of port-wine stain (a vascular malformation), varicose veins, and hypertrophy of the soft tissues and bones in an extremity. It usually affects one extremity, most commonly a leg.
NCI

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Kluyveromyces

An ascomycetous yeast of the fungal family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES.
MSH

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koleno

joint connecting the upper (thigh) and lower leg.
CSP

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koleno – poranění

Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
MSH

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kolenní kloub

A joint connecting the lower part of the femur with the upper part of the tibia. The lower part of the femur and the upper part of the tibia are attached to each other by ligaments. Other structures of the knee joint include the upper part of the fibula, located below and parallel to the tibia, and the patella which moves as the knee bends. (NCI)
NCI

A joint connecting the lower part of the femur with the upper part of the tibia. The lower part of the femur and the upper part of the tibia are attached to each other by ligaments. Other structures of the knee joint include the upper part of the fibula, located below and parallel to the tibia, and the patella which moves as the knee bends.
NCI

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koleno – protézy

Replacement for a knee joint.
MSH

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znalostní báze

A database or other collection of knowledge expressed in a formal knowledge representation language.
NCI

Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
MSH

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znalost výsledků (psychologie)

A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.
MSH

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zdraví – znalosti, postoje, praxe

Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
MSH

The consideration of knowledge, attitude, or behavior as variables in disease processes such as incident, transmission, and control.
NCI

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Korea

Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.
MSH

Description:Realm code for use of Korea


HL7V3.0

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Korejská lidově demokratická republika

A country in Eastern Asia, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula, bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Asia, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula, bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

A country located on the Korean Peninsula whose capital is Pyongyang. The country was established September 9, 1948.
MSH

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Korejská republika

A country in Eastern Asia, occupying the southern half of the Korean Peninsula, bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Asia, occupying the southern half of the Korean Peninsula, bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People`s Republic of Korea.
MSH

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balanitis xerotica obliterans

An atrophic and sclerotic condition of the head of the PENIS, glans penis. Sometimes it leads to stenosis and occasionally obliteration of the external meatal orifice.
MSH

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vulva – lichen sclerosus

Atrophy and shriveling of the SKIN of the VULVA that is characterized by the whitish LICHEN SCLEROSUS appearance, inflammation, and PRURITUS.
MSH

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Euphausiacea

An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphuasia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.
MSH

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Kroener Fimbriectomy

A fimbriectomy technique that consists of excising the distal tube and fimbriae, and ligating the cut ends of the tube with silk sutures.
MSH

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Krukenbergův nádor

Mucocellular carcinoma of the ovary, usually metastatic from the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by areas of mucoid degeneration and the presence of signet-ring-like cells. It accounts for 30%-40% of metastatic cancers to the ovaries and possibly 1%-2% of all malignant ovarian tumors. The lesions may not be discovered until the primary disease is advanced, and most patients die of their disease within a year. In some cases, a primary tumor is not found. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1685)
MSH

A tumor in the ovary caused by the spread of stomach cancer.
NCI

Metastatic signet-ring cell carcinoma to the ovary from a gastrointestinal tract or breast primary tumor.
NCI

The spread of the cancer to the ovary. This may be from a primary ovarian cancer involving the opposite ovary, or from a cancer at a distant site.
NCI

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krypton

A noble gas that is found in the atmosphere. It has the atomic symbol Kr, atomic number 36, atomic weight 83.80, and has been used in electric bulbs.
MSH

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krypton – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of krypton that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Kr atoms with atomic weights 74-77, 79, 81, 85, and 87-94 are radioactive krypton isotopes.
MSH

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Kupfferovy buňky

Specialized phagocytic cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM found on the luminal surface of the hepatic sinusoids. They filter bacteria and small foreign proteins out of the blood, and dispose of worn out red blood cells.
MSH

specialized phagocytic cells of the reticuloendothelial system found on the luminal surface of the hepatic sinusoids; they filter bacteria and small foreign proteins out of the blood, and dispose of worn out red blood cells.
CSP

Large star-shaped or pyramidal cells with a large oval nucleus and a small prominent nucleolus. These intensely phagocytic cells line the walls of the sinusoids of the liver and form a part of the reticuloendothelial system.
NCI

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kuru

A prion disease found exclusively among the Fore linguistic group natives of the highlands of NEW GUINEA. The illness is primarily restricted to adult females and children of both sexes. It is marked by the subacute onset of tremor and ataxia followed by motor weakness and incontinence. Death occurs within 3-6 months of disease onset. The condition is associated with ritual cannibalism, and has become rare since this practice has been discontinued. Pathologic features include a noninflammatory loss of neurons that is most prominent in the cerebellum, glial proliferation, and amyloid plaques. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p773)
MSH

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Kuvajt

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Kveimův test

Intradermal injection of a heated (pasteurized) saline suspension of sarcoid tissue obtained from a sarcoid spleen or lymph node. In patients with active sarcoidosis a dusky red nodule develops slowly over the next few weeks at the injection site. Histologic examination, an essential part of the complete test, reveals sarcoid tissue.
MSH

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kwashiorkor

A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning “displaced child”. Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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