Additional pages

zchromnutí zvířat

A departure from the normal gait in animals.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Laminaria

A genus of BROWN ALGAE in the family Laminariaceae. Dried pencil-like pieces may be inserted in the cervix where they swell as they absorb moisture, serving as osmotic dilators.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

laminektomie

A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.
MSH

excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra.
CSP

The excision of the vertebral posterior arch.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

laminin

Large, noncollagenous glycoprotein with antigenic properties. It is localized in the basement membrane lamina lucida and functions to bind epithelial cells to the basement membrane. Evidence suggests that the protein plays a role in tumor invasion.
MSH

major glycoprotein of basement membrane and other extracellular matrix structures; serves as an adhesive, chemoattractant, and cell activator during neurogenesis and other cell growth events.
CSP

A family of basement membrane extracellular basement proteins. Each molecule is composed of 3 nonidentical chains which are arranged in a cross-shaped structure. There are at least 5 alpha, 4 beta, and 3 gamma laminin genes.
NCI

A multimeric glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix, part of the basement membrane. Laminin binds to type IV collagen, heparan sulfate, and cell surface laminin receptors. Migrating tumor cells pass through several connective tissue barriers consisting of various adhesion molecules including laminin. (NCI04)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

mihule

Common name for the only family (Petromyzontidae) of eellike fish in the order Petromyzontiformes. They are jawless but have a sucking mouth with horny teeth.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lanatosidy

Glycosides from DIGITALIS lanata leaf. Lanatoside C has actions similar to DIGOXIN. Mixtures of lanatosides A, B, and C have also been used. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p670)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Langerův-Giedionův syndrom

Autosomal dominant disorder characterized by cone-shaped epiphyses in the hands and multiple cartilaginous exostoses. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY and abnormalities of chromosome 8 are often present. The exostoses in this syndrome appear identical to those of hereditary multiple exostoses (EXOSTOSES, HEREDITARY MULTIPLE).
MSH

A rare, usually sporadic and less frequently familiar syndrome caused by deletions on the long arm of chromosome 8. It is characterized by distinctive facial appearance (sparse hair, pear-shaped nose, and large ears), multiple exostoses, redundant skin, and mental retardation.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Langerhansovy buňky

recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket shaped granules (Birbeck granules); found principally in the stratum spinosum of the epidermis and are rich in Class II major histocompatibility complex molecules.
CSP

Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.
MSH

Dendritic clear cells in the epidermis, containing distinctive granules that appear rod- or racket-shaped in section, but lacking tonofilaments, melanosomes, and desmosomes; they carry surface receptors for immunoglobulin (Fc) and complement (C3), and are believed to be antigen fixing and processing cells of monocytic origin; active participants in cutaneous delayed hypersensitivity.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jazyk (prostředek komunikace)

A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
MSH

systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; broadly includes phonetics, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and linguistics.
CSP

A systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds, symbols, or gestures.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jazykové techniky

Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

vývoj řeči

The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
MSH

gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process; stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jazyk (prostředek komunikace) – vývojové poruchy

Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jazykové poruchy

Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
MSH

conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language; includes acquired and developmental disorders.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jazykové testy

Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children`s Language Comprehension.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jazyková terapie

Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lanolin

A yellow fat obtained from sheep`s wool. It is used as an emollient, cosmetic, and pharmaceutic aid.
MSH

An oily substance taken from sheep`s wool. Lanolin is used in moisturizing creams and lotions to treat dry, itchy skin.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lanosterol

A triterpene that derives from the chair-boat-chair-boat folding of 2,3-oxidosqualene. It is metabolized to CHOLESTEROL and CUCURBITACINS.
MSH

tetracyclic sterol formed from squalene; it is the parent steroid in animals, being itself converted in several steps to cholesterol.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lanthan

Lanthanum. The prototypical element in the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol La, atomic number 57, and atomic weight 138.91. Lanthanide ion is used in experimental biology as a calcium antagonist; lanthanum oxide improves the optical properties of glass.
MSH

rare metallic element, symbol La, atomic number 57.
CSP

A silvery white metallic element that belongs to period 6 of the lanthanoids family, with phosphate binding property. Lanthanum, when administered in a salt form, dissociates in acid to release lanthanum ions, which then bind dietary phosphate. This agent inhibits the absorption of phosphate by forming highly insoluble lanthanum-phosphate complexes that reduce concentrations of serum phosphate and calcium phosphate.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Laos

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

laparoskopy

ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
MSH

An endoscope and accessories is a device used to provide access, illumination, and allow observation or manipulation of body cavities, hollow organs, and canals. The device consists of various rigid or flexible instruments that are inserted into body spaces and may include an optical system for conveying an image to the user`s eye and their accessories may assist in gaining access or increase the versatility and augment the capabilities of the devices. Examples of devices that are within this generic type of device include cleaning accessories for endoscopes, photographic accessories for endoscopes, nonpowered anoscopes, binolcular attachments for endoscopes, pocket battery boxes, flexible or rigid choledochoscopes, colonoscopes, diagnostic cystoscopes, cystourethroscopes, enteroscopes, esophagogastroduodenoscopes, rigid esophagoscopes, fiberoptic illuminators for endoscopes, incandescent endoscope lamps, biliary pancreatoscopes, proctoscopes, resectoscopes, nephroscopes, sigmoidoscopes, ureteroscopes, urethroscopes, endomagnetic retrievers, cytology brushes for endoscopes, and lubricating jelly for transurethral surgical instruments. This section does not apply to endoscopes that have specialized uses in other medical specialty areas and that are covered by classification regulations in other parts of the device classification regulations.
SPN

A thin, tube-like instrument used to look at tissues and organs inside the abdomen. A laparoscope has a light and a lens for viewing and may have a tool to remove tissue.
NCI

A long, thin tube with a camera lens attached that allows the physician to examine the organs inside the abdominal cavity.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

laparotomie

A surgical incision made in the wall of the abdomen.
NCI

a kind of surgical procedure that is done through a cut in the abdomen
CHV

Creation of a surgical opening into the abdominal cavity.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Propiomazine hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt form of propiomazine, a phenothiazine derivative and atypical antipsychotic agent with sedative, antiemetic and antipsychotic activities. Propiomazine binds to a variety of receptors, including alpha1, dopamine, histamine H1, muscarinic, and serotonin type 2 (5-HT2) receptors. Propiomazine exerts its antiemetic and sedative effects through antagonism at histamine H1 receptors; Its antipsychotic effect is attributed to antagonistic activities at dopamine and 5-HT2 receptors.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

larva

Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
MSH

independent, motile, sometimes feeding developmental stage in the life history of an animal.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

larva migrans

Infections caused by nematode larvae which never develop into the adult stage and migrate through various body tissues. They commonly infect the skin, eyes, and viscera in man. Ancylostoma brasiliensis causes cutaneous larva migrans. Toxocara causes visceral larva migrans.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

larva migrans viscerální

A condition produced in man by the prolonged migration of animal nematode larvae in extraintestinal tissues other than skin; characterized by persistent hypereosinophilia, hepatomegaly, and frequently pneumonitis, commonly caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by worms found in domestic animals. In humans nematode larvae enter the portal system from the small intestine and disseminate in visceral organs causing inflammatory reactions. Signs and symptoms include eosinophilia, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and lung infections.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

laryngální chrupavky

The nine cartilages of the larynx, including the cricoid, thyroid and epiglottic, and two each of arytenoid, corniculate and cuneiform.
MSH

The nine cartilages of the larynx, including the cricoid, thyroid and epiglottic, and two each of arytenoid, corniculate and cuneiform. (MeSH)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

larynx – nemoci

Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the larynx.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

larynx – edém

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues of any part of the LARYNX, commonly associated with laryngeal injuries and allergic reactions.
MSH

Swelling due to an excessive accumulation of fluid in the larynx.
NCI

A disorder characterized by swelling due to an excessive accumulation of fluid in the larynx.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

laryngální sliznice

The mucous lining of the LARYNX, consisting of various types of epithelial cells ranging from stratified squamous EPITHELIUM in the upper larynx to ciliated columnar epithelium in the rest of the larynx, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

laryngální svaly

The striated muscle groups which move the LARYNX as a whole or its parts, such as altering tension of the VOCAL CORDS, or size of the slit (RIMA GLOTTIDIS).
MSH

intrinsic muscles of the larynx are the vocal, aryepiglottic, arytenoid, cricoarytenoid, cricothyroid, thyroarytenoid, and thyroepiglottic.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…