Additional pages

larynx – nádory

Cancers or tumors of the LARYNX or any of its parts: the GLOTTIS; EPIGLOTTIS; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; LARYNGEAL MUSCLES; and VOCAL CORDS.
MSH

new abnormal laryngeal tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; includes cancers or tumors of the larynx or any of its parts, the glottis, epiglottis, laryngeal cartilages, laryngeal muscles, and vocal cords.
CSP

A benign or malignant tumor involving the larynx.
NCI

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laryngální nervy

Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
MSH

branches of the vagus nerve (the tenth cranial nerve); superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers; the recurrent (inferior) laryngeal nerve originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid; laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
CSP

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larynx – perichondritida

Inflammation of LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES, usually due to infections.
MSH

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laryngektomie

total or partial excision of the larynx.
CSP

An operation to remove all or part of the larynx (voice box).
NCI

Surgery to remove part or all of the larynx.
NCI

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laryngismus

A disorder in which the adductor muscles of the VOCAL CORDS exhibit increased activity leading to laryngeal spasm. Laryngismus causes closure of the VOCAL FOLDS and airflow obstruction during inspiration.
MSH

Paroxysmal spasmodic muscular contraction of the vocal cords. It is brief, usually lasting for less than one minute, interrupting the speech and breathing and may produce a high-pitched breathing sound. It may occur under anesthesia or may be associated with gastroesophageal reflex disease.
NCI

A disorder characterized by paroxysmal spasmodic muscular contraction of the vocal cords.
NCI

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laryngitida

Inflammation of the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA, including the VOCAL CORDS. Laryngitis is characterized by irritation, edema, and reduced pliability of the mucosa leading to VOICE DISORDERS such as APHONIA and HOARSENESS.
MSH

Inflammation of the larynx.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an inflammatory process involving the larynx.
NCI

an inflammation of the larynx (voice box) generally associated with hoarseness or loss of voice
CHV

An acute or chronic, bacterial or viral inflammatory process affecting the larynx. Symptoms include sore throat, cough, swallowing difficulties, and hoarseness.
NCI

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laryngoskopie

Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.
MSH

observation, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx using an endoscope for direct visual examination or by observation of the reflection in a laryngeal mirror.
CSP

Examination of the larynx (voice box) with a mirror (indirect laryngoscopy) or with a laryngoscope (direct laryngoscopy).
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the larynx.
NCI

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laryngostenóza

Developmental or acquired stricture or narrowing of the LARYNX. Symptoms of respiratory difficulty depend on the degree of laryngeal narrowing.
MSH

Narrowing of the laryngeal airway.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a narrowing of the laryngeal airway.
NCI

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larynx

A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
MSH

Heterogeneous cluster that connects the pharynx to the tracheobronchial tree. Examples: There is only one larynx.
UWDA

irregularly shaped, musculocartilaginous tubular structure, lined with mucous membrane, located at the top of the trachea and below the root of the tongue and the hyoid bone; the essential sphincter guarding the entrance into the trachea and functioning secondarily as the organ of voice.
CSP

Having to do with the larynx.
NCI

Heterogeneous cluster that connects the pharynx to the tracheobronchial tree. Examples: There is only one larynx.
FMA

The cartilaginous structure of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea. It contains elastic vocal cords required for sound production. (NCI)
NCI

The area of the throat containing the vocal cords and used for breathing, swallowing, and talking.
NCI

The cartilaginous structure of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea. It contains elastic vocal cords required for sound production.
NCI

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larynx umělý

A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.
MSH

A laryngeal prosthesis (Taub design) is a device intended to direct pulmonary air flow to the pharynx in the absence of the larynx, thereby permitting esophageal speech. The device is interposed between openings in the trachea and the esophagus and may be removed and replaced each day by the patient. During phonation, air from the lungs is directed to flow through the device and over the esophageal mucosa to provide a sound source that is articulated as speech.
SPN

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lasalocid

Cationic ionophore antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces lasaliensis that, among other effects, dissociates the calcium fluxes in muscle fibers. It is used as a coccidiostat, especially in poultry.
MSH

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laserová chirurgie

The use of a laser either to vaporize surface lesions or to make bloodless cuts in tissue. It does not include the coagulation of tissue by laser (LASER COAGULATION).
MSH

A surgical procedure that uses the cutting power of a laser beam to make bloodless cuts in tissue or to remove a surface lesion such as a tumor.
NCI

A type of operation using the cutting powers of laser beams from various sources. The use of a laser either to vaporize surface lesions or to make bloodless cuts in tissue. (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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lasery

An optical source that emits photons in a coherent beam. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation. Lasers operate in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or X-ray regions of the spectrum.
MSH

acronym stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation; this phenomenon is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation; lasers operate in the visible, infrared, or ultraviolet regions of the spectrum and are capable of producing immense heat and power when focused at close range; used in surgical procedures, in diagnosis, and in physiologic studies; lasers used at low power, transmitting light not heat, have been used in wound healing and pain control.
CSP

A device that forms light into intense, narrow beams that may be used to cut or destroy tissue, such as cancer tissue. It may also be used to reduce lymphedema (swelling caused by a buildup of lymph fluid in tissue) after breast cancer surgery. Lasers are used in microsurgery, photodynamic therapy, and many other procedures to diagnose and treat disease.
NCI

An acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation; an optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light.
NCI

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horečka Lassa

An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
MSH

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virus Lassa

etiologic agent of Lassa fever; common infective agent in humans in West Africa.
CSP

A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
MSH

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perioda latence (psychologie)

The period from about 5 to 7 years to adolescence when there is an apparent cessation of psychosexual development.
MSH

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leváctví – praváctví

preferential use of the hand of one side in voluntary motor acts.
CSP

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latex

A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.
MSH

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latex fixační testy

Passive agglutination tests in which antigen is adsorbed onto latex particles which then clump in the presence of antibody specific for the adsorbed antigen. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

Agglutination, Latex


HL7V3.0

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latyrismus

A paralytic condition of the legs caused by ingestion of lathyrogens, especially BETA-AMINOPROPIONITRILE or beta-N-oxalyl amino-L-alanine, which are found in the seeds of plants of the genus LATHYRUS.
MSH

excessive ingestion of seeds of the legume genus Lathyrus, which contain beta aminopropionitrile, an inhibitor of the enzyme lysyl oxidase; the disease is characterized by spastic paraplegia, pain, hyperesthesia, and paresthesia.
CSP

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Lathyrus

A plant genus in the family FABACEAE known for LATHYRISM poisoning.
MSH

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Latinská Amerika

The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
MSH

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Receptors, Long-Acting Thyroid Stimulator

Receptors on the thyroid cells that bind the LONG-ACTING THYROID STIMULATOR or LATS, the abnormal immunoglobulins that consist of various anti-TSH receptors and anti-thyroid antibodies.
MSH

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Lotyšsko

A country in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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smích

An involuntary expression of merriment and pleasure; it includes the patterned motor responses as well as the inarticulate vocalization.
MSH

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prádelny nemocnice

Hospital department which administers all activities pertaining to the hospital laundry service.
MSH

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laurany

Salts and esters of the 12-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid–lauric acid.
MSH

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Laurenceův-Moonův syndrom

An autosomal recessive condition characterized by hypogonadism; spinocerebellar degeneration; MENTAL RETARDATION; RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; and OBESITY. This syndrome was previously referred to as Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome until BARDET-BIEDL SYNDROME was identified as a distinct entity. (From N Engl J Med. 1989 Oct 12;321(15):1002-9)
MSH

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lauric acid

Saturated fatty acid with 12 carbons.
NCI

A saturated medium-chain fatty acid with a 12-carbon backbone. Lauric acid is found naturally in various plant and animal fats and oils, and is a major component of coconut oil and palm kernel oil.
NCI

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kyseliny laurové

12-Carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
MSH

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