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Exertion

Physical or mental energy; hard work.
NCI

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exfoliatiny

Protein exotoxins from Staphylococcus aureus, phage type II, which cause epidermal necrolysis. They are proteins with a molecular weight of 26,000 to 32,000. They cause a condition variously called scaled skin, Lyell or Ritter syndrome, epidermal exfoliative disease, toxic epidermal necrolysis, etc.
MSH

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exhibicionismus

A disorder in which fantasies about or the act of exposing the genitals to an unsuspecting stranger produces sexual excitement with no attempt at further sexual activity with the stranger.
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving the exposure of one`s genitals to an unsuspecting stranger.
NCI

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exponáty jako téma

Discussions, descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.
MSH

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existencialismus

Philosophy based on the analysis of the individual`s existence in the world which holds that human existence cannot be completely described in scientific terms. Existentialism also stresses the freedom and responsibility of the individual as well as the uniqueness of religious and ethical experiences and the analysis of subjective phenomena such as anxiety, guilt, and suffering. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
MSH

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exo-1,4-alfa-glukosidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues successively from non-reducing ends of polysaccharide chains with the release of beta-glucose. It is also able to hydrolyze 1,6-alpha-glucosidic bonds when the next bond in sequence is 1,4.
MSH

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exokrinní žlázy

gland that secretes its products through ducts or canals, such as sweat glands or mammary glands.
CSP

A type of gland that is found in the skin, breast, eyelid, and ear. Apocrine glands in the breast secrete fat droplets into breast milk and those in the ear help form earwax. Apocrine glands in the skin and eyelid are sweat glands. Most apocrine glands in the skin are in the armpits, the groin, and the area around the nipples of the breast. Apocrine glands in the skin are scent glands, and their secretions usually have an odor. Another type of gland (eccrine gland or simple sweat gland) produces most sweat.
NCI

A gland from which secretions reach a free surface of the body by ducts.
NCI

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exocytóza

cellular release of material within membrane-limited vesicles by fusion of the vesicles with the cell membrane.
CSP

A process of secretion by a cell that results in the release of intracellular molecules (e.g. hormones, matrix proteins) contained within a membrane-bounded vesicle by fusion of the vesicle with the plasma membrane of a cell. This is the process in which most molecules are secreted from eukaryotic cells. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0716731363]
GO

Cellular release of secretory products from within membrane-limited vesicles or granules.
NCI

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exodeoxyribonukleasy

A family of enzymes that catalyze the exonucleolytic cleavage of DNA. It includes members of the class EC 3.1.11 that produce 5`-phosphomonoesters as cleavage products.
MSH

family of enzymes that catalyze the exonucleolytic cleavage of DNA; includes members of the class EC 3.1.11 that produce 5`-phosphomonoesters as cleavage products.
CSP

Enzymes that sequentially catalyze the hydrolysis of single nucleotides from the end of a DNA chain. These enzymes play an important role during DNA repair.
NCI

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exony

The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.
MSH

The sequence of DNA present in mature messenger RNA, some of which encodes the amino acids of a protein. Most genes have multiple exons with introns between them.
NCI

The sequences of a gene that are present in the final, mature, spliced messenger RNA molecule from that gene.
NCI

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exonukleasy

Enzymes that catalyze the release of mononucleotides by the hydrolysis of the terminal bond of deoxyribonucleotide or ribonucleotide chains.
MSH

enzymes that catalyze the release of mononucleotides by the hydrolysis of the terminal bond of deoxyribonucleotide or ribonucleotide chains, EC 3.1.-, including EC 3.1.11, 3.1.15 and EC 3.1.16.
CSP

An Exonuclease is a hydrolase (nuclease) that specifically catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal phosphodiester bonds of deoxyribonucleotide or ribonucleotide chains, releasing mononucleotides.
NCI

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Exophiala

A normally saprophytic mitosporic Chaetothyriales fungal genus. Infections in humans include PHAEOHYPHOMYCOSIS; and PERITONITIS.. Exophiala jeanselmei (previously Phialophora jeanselmei) is an etiological agent of MYCETOMA.
MSH

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exoftalmus

Abnormal protrusion of both eyes; may be caused by endocrine gland malfunction, malignancy, injury, or paralysis of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.
MSH

protrusion of one or both eyeballs; can be congenital and familial, or due to pathology, such as a retroorbital tumor (usually unilateral) or thyroid disease (usually bilateral).
CSP

A protrusion of the eyeball from the socket.
NCI

Abnormal protrusion of one or both eyes from the socket; causes include hyperthyroidism (particularly Graves disease); bleeding behind the eye; infection, inflammation, or tumors of the orbit; and vascular disorders.
NCI

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exoribonukleasy

A family of enzymes that catalyze the exonucleolytic cleavage of RNA. It includes EC 3.1.13.-, EC 3.1.14.-, EC 3.1.15.-, and EC 3.1.16.-. EC 3.1.-
MSH

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exostózy mnohočetné dědičné

Hereditary disorder transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.
MSH

Hereditary disorder transmitted by autosomal dominant genes (EXT1-3) and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.
NCI

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exotoxiny

Toxins produced, especially by bacterial or fungal cells, and released into the culture medium or environment.
MSH

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exotropie

A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.
MSH

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expektorancia

Agents that increase mucous excretion. Mucolytic agents, that is drugs that liquefy mucous secretions, are also included here.
MSH

Any agent that promotes ejection of mucus or exudate from the lungs, bronchi and trachea by decreasing mucus viscosity or by increasing the secretion of mucus in a dry, unproductive cough.
NCI

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expedice

Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.
MSH

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výdaje na zdravotnictví

The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
MSH

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Proefopzet

studies concerned with the design of an experiment or research project.
CSP

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expertní systémy

Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
MSH

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znalecký posudek

Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
MSH

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exspirační rezervní objem

The extra volume of air that can be expired with maximum effort beyond the level reached at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. Common abbreviation is ERV.
MSH

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pátrací chování

The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
MSH

tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment; considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
CSP

The specific actions or reactions of an organism in response to a novel environment or stimulus. [GOC:BHF, PMID:11682103, PMID:9767169]
GO

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Expozice radiaci

Radiation is energy that travels in the form of waves or high-speed particles. It occurs naturally in sunlight and sound waves. Man-made radiation is used in X-rays, nuclear weapons, nuclear power plants and cancer treatment.

If you are exposed to small amounts of radiation over a long time, it raises your risk of cancer. It can also cause mutations in your genes, which you could pass on to any children you have after the exposure. A lot of radiation over a short period, such as from a radiation emergency, can cause burns or radiation sickness. Symptoms of radiation sickness include nausea, weakness, hair loss, skin burns and reduced organ function. If the exposure is large enough, it can cause premature aging or even death. You may be able to take medicine to reduce the radioactive material in your body.

Environmental Protection Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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extinkce (psychologie)

tendency of a conditioned response to decrease when positive reinforcement is discontinued or negative reinforcement is introduced; compare to BEHAVIORAL HABITUATION/SENSITIZATION.
CSP

The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
MSH

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extracelulární tekutina

The fluid of the body that is outside of CELLS. It is the external environment for the cells.
MSH

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extracelulární matrix

A meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere.
MSH

meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface; it promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure.
CSP

Body substance which consists of ground substance and connective tissue fibers.
UWDA

A structure lying external to one or more cells, which provides structural support for cells or tissues; may be completely external to the cell (as in animals) or be part of the cell (as in plants). [GOC:mah]
GO

Body substance which consists of ground substance and connective tissue fibers.
FMA

The extracellular matrix is a network of fibers that hold cells together. It is found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere. It is broken down during normal physiological and disease processes such as bone remodeling, embryogenesis, cancer, and arthritis.
NCI

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extracelulární prostor

Interstitial space between cells, occupied by INTERSTITIAL FLUID as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. For organisms with a CELL WALL, the extracellular space includes everything outside of the CELL MEMBRANE including the PERIPLASM and the cell wall.
MSH

That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid. [ISBN:0198547684]
GO

Interstitial space between cells, occupied by fluid as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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