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dodekanol

A saturated 12-carbon fatty alcohol obtained from coconut oil fatty acids. It has a floral odor and is used in detergents, lubricating oils, and pharmaceuticals. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
MSH

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lawrencium

Lawrencium. A radioactive actinide discovered in 1961. It has the atomic symbol Lr, atomic number 103, and atomic weight of 257. There are two isotopes with mass number 257 or 258, and mass number 256.
MSH

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LDL-1

Low-density lipoprotein particles with density between 1.019 and 1.045 g/ml.
MSH

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LDL-2

Low-density lipoprotein particles with density between 1.045 and 1.063 g/ml.
MSH

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Lupus erythematosus buňky

LE Cells: mature neutrophils with an inclusion of homogeneous staining degenerated nucleoprotein and antibody to nucleoprotein. They suggest SLE but are found in many diseases. They are prepared in vitro by mechanical disruption of blood followed by incubation to allow phagocytosis of nuclear material.
AIR

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olovo

A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
MSH

soft grayish blue metal with poisonous salts; symbol, Pb, atomic number 82.
CSP

An element with atomic symbol Pb, atomic number 82, and atomic weight 207.2.
NCI

metal
CHV

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olovo – otrava

poisoning due to absorption or ingestion of lead or one of its salts; symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, colic, constipation, insomnia, headache, dizziness, irritability, moderate hypertension, albuminuria, anemia, encephalopathy, and peripheral neuropathy leading to paralysis.
CSP

Lead is a metal that occurs naturally in the earth`s crust. People have spread it through the environment in many ways. Lead used to be in paint and gasoline. Lead can still be found in contaminated soil, household dust, drinking water, lead-glazed pottery and some metal jewelry.

Breathing air, drinking water, eating food or swallowing or touching dirt that contains lead can cause many health problems. In adults, lead can increase blood pressure and cause infertility, nerve disorders and muscle and joint pain. It can also make you irritable and affect your ability to concentrate and remember.

Lead is especially dangerous for children. A child who swallows large amounts of lead may develop anemia, severe stomachache, muscle weakness and brain damage. Even low levels of lead are linked to lower IQ scores.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


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olovo – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of lead that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Pb atoms with atomic weights 194-203, 205, and 209-214 are radioactive lead isotopes.
MSH

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vůdcovství

The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
MSH

function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
CSP

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Vytékaní mozkomíšního moku

The loss of cerebrospinal fluid into the surrounding tissues.
NCI

A disorder characterized by loss of cerebrospinal fluid into the surrounding tissues.
NCI

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učení

Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
MSH

process by which knowledge, skills, or behaviors are acquired by instruction, study, or experience.
CSP

Any process in an organism in which a relatively long-lasting adaptive behavioral change occurs as the result of experience. [ISBN:0582227089, ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”]
GO

The act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill.
NCI

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poruchy učení

Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
MSH

conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual`s perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills; may result from organic or psychological conditions.
CSP

Learning disorders affect how a person understands, remembers and responds to new information. People with learning disorders may have problems

  • Listening or paying attention
  • Speaking
  • Reading or writing
  • Doing math

Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD, which makes it hard to focus.

Evaluation and testing by a trained professional can help identify a learning disorder. The next step is special education, which involves helping your child in the areas where he or she needs the most help. Sometimes tutors or speech or language therapists also work with the children. Learning disorders do not go away, but strategies to work around them can make them less of a problem.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of disorders that affect a person`s ability to learn or process specific types of information which is in contrast to his/her apparent level of intellect.
NCI

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pronajímání majetku

Contractual arrangement between the lessor (owner) and the lessee in which the use of equipment or facilities is granted to the lessee for a period of time and at a specified rate.
MSH

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analýza metodou nejmenších čtverců

A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
MSH

A popular criterion used for a cost function, namely minimizing the sum of the squares of the differences between the data points and the analytical function (often a straight line) desired as a best fit. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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Libanon

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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fosfatidylcholinsterol-O-acyltransferasa

An enzyme secreted from the liver into the plasma of many mammalian species. It catalyzes the esterification of the hydroxyl group of lipoprotein cholesterol by the transfer of a fatty acid from the C-2 position of lecithin. In familial lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency disease, the absence of the enzyme results in an excess of unesterified cholesterol in plasma. EC 2.3.1.43.
MSH

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lecitinacyltransferasa – nedostatek

An autosomal recessively inherited disorder caused by mutation of LECITHIN CHOLESTEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE that facilitates the esterification of lipoprotein cholesterol and subsequent removal from peripheral tissues to the liver. This defect results in low HDL-cholesterol level in blood and accumulation of free cholesterol in tissue leading to a triad of CORNEAL OPACITY, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), and PROTEINURIA.
MSH

disease characterized by abnormally low levels of plasma lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase; clinical manifestations include corneal opacity, anemia, and proteinuria.
CSP

A disorder of lipoprotein metabolism caused by mutations in the LCAT gene. It is characterized by deficiency of the enzyme lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase. It is manifested with corneal opacity, hemolytic anemia, and proteinuria.
NCI

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lektiny

Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.
MSH

carbohydrate-binding proteins which may also have other functions (mitogen, receptor, etc.).
CSP

Complex molecules that contain both protein and sugar. Lectins specifically bind to the branching sugar molecules of glycoproteins and glycolipids on cell surfaces to cause biochemical changes. They are often classified according to either the saccharide or sugar specificity.
NCI

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pijavky

annelids of the class Hirudinea; some species, the bloodsuckers, may become temporarily parasitic upon animals, including man; medicinal leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) have been used therapeutically for drawing blood since ancient times.
CSP

Annelids of the class Hirudinea. Some species, the bloodsuckers, may become temporarily parasitic upon animals, including man. Medicinal leeches (HIRUDO MEDICINALIS) have been used therapeutically for drawing blood since ancient times.
MSH

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blokáda levého Tawarova raménka

An impairment of transmission of the cardiac electrical impulse along the fibers of the left main bundle branch, or both the left anterior fascicle and left posterior fascicle. This conduction disturbance is characterized by wide (greater than 0.11s) QRS complexes. The diagnostic criteria consist of prolongation of the QRS complexes (over 0.11s) with neither a Q wave nor an S wave in lead V1 and in the “properly placed” V6. A wide R wave with a notch on its top (“plateau”) is seen in these leads. In hearts with an electrical (and anatomic) vertical position a small Q wave may be seen in AVL in the absence of MI. Right chest lead V1 may or may not show an initial R wave, but the latter should be present in lead V2.
NCI

An impairment of transmission of the cardiac electrical impulse along the fibers of the left main bundle branch, or both the left anterior fascicle and left posterior fascicle. This conduction disturbance is characterized by wide (greater than 0.11s) QRS complexes. The diagnostic criteria consist of prolongation of the QRS complexes (over 0.11s) with neither a Q wave nor an S wave in lead V1 and in the properly placed V6. A wide R wave with a notch on its top (plateau) is seen in these leads. In hearts with an electrical (and anatomic) vertical position a small Q wave may be seen in AVL in the absence of MI. Right chest lead V1 may or may not show an initial R wave, but the latter should be present in lead V2. (NCI)
NCI

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levostranné srdeční selhání

Failure of adequate output by the left ventricle despite an increase in distending pressure and in end-diastolic volume, with dyspnea, orthopnea, and other signs and symptoms of pulmonary congestion and edema.
NCI

Heart failure involving the LEFT VENTRICLE.
MSH

Failure of adequate output by the left ventricle despite an increase in distending pressure and in end-diastolic volume, with dyspnea, orthopnea, and other signs and symptoms of pulmonary congestion and edema.
NCI

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dolní končetina

The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.
MSH

The posterior limb of an animal.
NCI

The limb that is composed of the hip, thigh, leg and foot.
NCI

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stehno a bérec – kosti

The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
MSH

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končetiny dolní – dermatózy

A nonspecific term used to denote any cutaneous lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type on the leg. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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končetiny dolní – poranění

General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
MSH

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končetiny dolní nestejné délky

A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.
MSH

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

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končetiny dolní – vředy

Ulceration of the skin and underlying structures of the lower extremity. About 90% of the cases are due to venous insufficiency (VARICOSE ULCER), 5% to arterial disease, and the remaining 5% to other causes.
MSH

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legální poručníci

A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.
MSH

An individual who is authorized under applicable State or local law to consent on behalf of a child or incapable person to general medical care including participation in clinical research.
NCI

An individual who is authorized under applicable State or local law to consent on behalf of a child or incapable person to general medical care including participation in clinical research. (NCI)
NCI

The role played by a person or institution legally empowered with responsibility for the care of a ward.


HL7V3.0

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Leggova-Perthesova nemoc

A particular type of FEMUR HEAD NECROSIS occurring in children, mainly male, with a course of four years or so.
MSH

A very rare disorder of unknown etiology affecting children. It is characterized by avascular necrosis of the femoral head.
NCI

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leghemoglobin

A hemoglobin-like oxygen-binding hemeprotein present in the nitrogen-fixing root nodules of leguminous plants. The red pigment has a molecular weight approximately 1/4 that of hemoglobin and has been suggested to act as an oxido-reduction catalyst in symbiotic nitrogen fixation.
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