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Lemur

A genus of the family Lemuridae consisting of five species: L. catta (ring-tailed lemur), L. fulvus, L. macaco (acoumba or black lemur), L. mongoz (mongoose lemur), and L. variegatus (white lemur). Most members of this genus occur in forested areas on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.
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Lemuridae

A family of the order PRIMATES, suborder Strepsirhini (PROSIMII), containing four genera which inhabit Madagascar and the Comoro Island. Most of the lemurs prefer wooded areas. The four genera are Hapalemur, LEMUR, Lepilemur, and Varecia.
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délka pobytu

The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
MSH

amount of time a patient remains in the hospital.
CSP

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čočka oční – kůra

The portion of the crystalline lens surrounding the nucleus and bound anteriorly by the epithelium and posteriorly by the capsule. It contains lens fibers and amorphous, intercellular substance.
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čočka oční – nemoci

pathologic condition of the transparent biconvex body of the eye situated between the posterior chamber and the vitreous body or lens.
CSP

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implantace nitrooční čočky

Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.
MSH

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čočka oční – jádro

The core of the crystalline lens, surrounded by the cortex.
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čočka oční – subluxace

Incomplete rupture of the zonule with the displaced lens remaining behind the pupil. In dislocation, or complete rupture, the lens is displaced forward into the anterior chamber or backward into the vitreous body. When congenital, this condition is known as ECTOPIA LENTIS.
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čočka oční

A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.
MSH

transparent biconvex body of the eye situated between the posterior chamber and the vitreous body, constituting part of the refracting mechanism of the eye.
CSP

A biconvex transparent structure of the eye through which light is focused on the retina. The lens sits behind the iris and is supported by the zonule, which connects it to the ciliary body. The lens is an avascular structure. (NCI)
NCI

A clear disk that focuses light, as in a camera or microscope. In the eye, the lens is a clear, curved structure at the front of the eye behind the pupil. It focuses light rays that enter the eye through the pupil, making an image on the retina (light-sensitive layers of nerve tissue at the back of the eye).
NCI

A biconvex transparent structure of the eye through which light is focused on the retina. The lens sits behind the iris and is supported by the zonule, which connects it to the ciliary body. The lens is an avascular structure.
NCI

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čočky

Pieces of glass or other transparent materials used for magnification or increased visual acuity.
MSH

An electric or optical device designed to focus electromagnetic radiation.
NCI

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čočky nitrooční

Artificial implanted lenses.
MSH

An intraocular lens is a device made of materials such as glass or plastic intended to be implanted to replace the natural lens of an eye.
SPN

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lentigo

Small circumscribed melanoses resembling, but differing histologically from, freckles. The concept includes senile lentigo (`liver spots`) and nevoid lentigo (nevus spilus, lentigo simplex) and may also occur in association with multiple congenital defects or congenital syndromes (e.g., Peutz-Jeghers syndrome).
MSH

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lentinan

Polysaccharide isolated from the edible mushroom LENTINULA EDODES. The exact composition is unknown.
MSH

A beta-glucan (a type of polysaccharide) from the mushroom Lentinus edodes (shiitake mushroom). It has been studied in Japan as a treatment for cancer.
NCI

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Lentinula

A genus of fungi of the family Tricholomataceae, order AGARICALES. The commonly known SHIITAKE MUSHROOMS are Lentinula edodes (also seen as Lentinus edodes).
MSH

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Leontopithecus

The genus of lion tamarins in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE. The common name refers to the mane on the shoulders.
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levhart

The species Panthera pardus, not to be confused with leopards in other genera.
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herpesvirus 1 žab

A species of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, whose genus is so far unassigned. It is probably the causative agent of ADENOMA or ADENOCARCINOMA in the kidneys of certain frogs.
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leprosaria

Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
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Lepidoptera

have 4 membranous wings covered with scales, sucking mouth parts, and lack mandibles; undergo complete metamorphosis; larvae may be serious pests of cultivated plants, stored foods, or fabrics.
CSP

A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.
MSH

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leprostatika

Substances that suppress Mycobacterium leprae, ameliorate the clinical manifestations of leprosy, and/or reduce the incidence and severity of leprous reactions.
MSH

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lepra

A chronic granulomatous infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. The granulomatous lesions are manifested in the skin, the mucous membranes, and the peripheral nerves. Two polar or principal types are lepromatous and tuberculoid.
MSH

chronic granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae; granulomatous lesions are manifested in the skin, the mucous membranes, and the peripheral nerves; two polar or principal types are lepromatous and tuberculoid.
CSP

A bacterial granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It is a progressive disease affecting the skin, peripheral nerves, and limbs. If untreated, it causes permanent tissue damage leading to autoamputations.
NCI

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lepra hraniční

A form of LEPROSY in which there are clinical manifestations of both principal types (lepromatous and tuberculoid). The disease may shift toward one of these two polar or principal forms.
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lepra s infiltráty

A chronic communicable infection which is a principal or polar form of LEPROSY. This disorder is caused by MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE and produces diffuse granulomatous skin lesions in the form of nodules, macules, or papules. The peripheral nerves are involved symmetrically and neural sequelae occur in the advanced stage.
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lepra tuberkuloidní

A principal or polar form of LEPROSY in which the skin lesions are few and are sharply demarcated. Peripheral nerve involvement is pronounced and may be severe. Unlike lepromatous leprosy (LEPROSY, LEPROMATOUS), the lepromin test is positive. Tuberculoid leprosy is rarely a source of infection to others.
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Leptospira

A genus of aerobic, helical spirochetes, some species of which are pathogenic, others free-living or saprophytic.
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, flexible, spiral-shaped, spirochete with internal flagella in the phylum Spirochaetes.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Leptospira genus level.
NCI

genus of aerobic, helical spirochetes, some species of which are pathogenic, others free-living or saprophytic.
CSP

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Leptospira interrogans sérovar canicola

A serovar of the bacterial species LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS, whose natural host is DOGS where disease is characterized by GASTROENTERITIS, and INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS.
MSH

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Leptospira interrogans sérovar icterohaemorrhagiae

A serovar of the bacterial species LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS, whose primary host is RATS.
MSH

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Leptospira interrogans

A genus of question mark-shaped bacteria spirochetes which is found in fresh water that is contaminated by animal urine. It causes LEPTOSPIROSIS.
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leptospiróza

Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.
MSH

A contagious bacterial infection caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Humans are infected by contact with water and soil which have been contaminated with animal waste products. The signs and symptoms include an initial flu-like phase, followed by a second phase in which patients may develop meningitis, liver failure and renal failure.
NCI

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Leptothrix

A genus of gram-negative, sheathed, rod-shaped bacteria in the family COMAMONADACEAE.
MSH

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