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extrachromozomální dědičnost

Vertical transmission of hereditary characters by DNA from cytoplasmic organelles such as MITOCHONDRIA; CHLOROPLASTS; and PLASTIDS, or from PLASMIDS or viral episomal DNA.
MSH

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mimotělní oběh

Diversion of blood flow through a circuit located outside the body but continuous with the bodily circulation.
MSH

diversion of blood flow through a circuit located outside the body but continuous with the bodily circulation; do not confuse with PERFUSION; for mechanical oxygenation of the blood that is frequently used in conjunction with extracorporeal circulation use BLOOD OXYGENATOR.
CSP

Price: $1.00

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mimotělní membránová oxygenace

Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
MSH

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Litotripse mimotělní šokovou vlnou

a medical procedure that uses shock waves to break up stones that form in the kidney, bladder, ureters, or gallbladder
CHV

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extrakce porodnická

Extraction of the fetus by means of obstetrical instruments.
MSH

Price: $1.00

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mimomanželské vztahy

Voluntary SEXUAL INTERCOURSE between a married person and someone other than the SPOUSE.
MSH

Price: $1.00

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extraorální trakční přístroje

Extraoral devices for applying force to the dentition in order to avoid some of the problems in anchorage control met with in intermaxillary traction and to apply force in directions not otherwise possible.
MSH

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Extrapyramidová porucha

defects in basal ganglia function; characterized by changes in muscle tone, poverty of voluntary movements (akinesia), or abnormal involuntary movements (dyskinesia).
CSP

A movement disorder caused by defects in the basal ganglia. The clinical manifestations include changes in the muscle tone, dyskinesia, and akinesia. Causes include vascular disorders, degenerative disorders, and antipsychotic drugs.
NCI

A disorder characterized by abnormal, repetitive, involuntary muscle movements, frenzied speech and extreme restlessness.
NCI

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mimozemské prostředí

The environment outside the earth or its atmosphere. The environment may refer to a closed cabin (such as a space shuttle or space station) or to space itself, the moon, or other planets.
MSH

environment outside the earth or its atmosphere; may refer to a closed cabin (such as a space shuttle or space station) or to space itself, the moon, or other planets.
CSP

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Extravazace

The leakage of body fluid or cells from the vascular system to the surrounding tissues. This process occurs either by force or as a result of a pathologic reaction (e.g., inflammation). This process may sometimes allow cancer cells to migrate from capillaries to adjacent tissues, initiating micro-metastases.
NCI

A discharge or escape, as of blood, from a vessel into the tissues.
NCI

The leakage of blood, lymph, or other fluid, such as an anticancer drug, from a blood vessel or tube into the tissue around it. It is also used to describe the movement of cells out of a blood vessel into tissue during inflammation or metastasis (the spread of cancer).
NCI

The unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container or vessel.
NCI

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extravazace diagnostických a terapeutických materiálů

The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.
MSH

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extravaskulární plicní voda

Water content outside of the lung vasculature. About 80% of a normal lung is made up of water, including intracellular, interstitial, and blood water. Failure to maintain the normal homeostatic fluid exchange between the vascular space and the interstitium of the lungs can result in PULMONARY EDEMA and flooding of the alveolar space.
MSH

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extroverze (psychologie)

A state in which attention is largely directed outward from the self.
MSH

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končetiny

Body part, which consists of a maximal set of diverse subclasses of organ and organ part spatially associated with a complete set of bones of the appendicular skeleton, it is partially surrounded by skin of limb. Examples: There are only four instances, right upper and lower limbs and left upper and lower limbs.
UWDA

one of the paired appendages of the body used in locomotion or grasping.
CSP

Cardinal body part, which consists of a maximal set of diverse subclasses of organ and organ part spatially associated with a complete set of bones of the appendicular skeleton, it is partially surrounded by skin of limb. Examples: There are only four instances, right upper and lower limbs and left upper and lower limbs.
FMA

A body region referring to an upper or lower extremity. (NCI)
NCI

A body region referring to an upper or lower extremity.
NCI

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Exudate

Fluid, cells or cellular debris that escapes from the blood vessels and accumulates in nearby tissues. It is the result of inflammation and is rich in proteins.
NCI

Material, such as purulent and nonpurulent fluid, cells, or cellular debris, which has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation. An exudate, in contrast to a transudate, is characterized by a relatively high protein content.
NCI

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exsudáty a transudáty

Exudates are fluids, CELLS, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from BLOOD VESSELS usually from inflamed tissues. Transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE of TISSUES. Transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or PROTEINS.
MSH

exudates are fluids, cells, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from blood vessels usually from inflamed tissues; transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the extracellular space of tissues; transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or proteins.
CSP

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oči

Organ with organ cavity which is connected to the optic nerve. Examples: There are only two eyeballs, the right and the left eyeballs..
UWDA

organ of vision.
CSP

Organ with organ cavity which is connected to the optic nerve. Examples: There are only two eyeballs, the right and the left eyeballs..
FMA

The organ of sight or vision. (NCI)
NCI

Having to do with the eye.
NCI

The organ of sight or vision.
NCI

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oči – abnormality

Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the eye; may also be hereditary.
MSH

absence of or defects in structures of the eye that exist at, and usually before, birth regardless of their causation.
CSP

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oční banky

Centers for storing various parts of the eye for future use.
MSH

An eye bank procures and distributes eyes for transplant, education and research. To promote patient safety, donated eyes and donor medial histories are evaluated based on strict Eye Bank Association of America Medical Standards


HL7V3.0

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oči – popálení

Injury to any part of the eye by extreme heat, chemical agents, or ultraviolet radiation.
MSH

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oči – barva

Color of the iris.
MSH

Price: $1.00

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oční nemoci

Diseases affecting the eye.
MSH

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the organ of sight.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the eye that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

Some eye problems are minor and fleeting. But some lead to a permanent loss of vision. Common eye problems include

  • Cataracts – clouded lenses
  • Glaucoma – damage to the optic nerve from too much pressure in the eye
  • Retinal disorders – problems with the nerve layer at the back of the eye
  • Conjunctivitis – an infection also known as pinkeye

Your best defense is to have regular checkups, because eye diseases do not always have symptoms. Early detection and treatment could prevent vision loss. See an eye care professional right away if you have a sudden change in vision or everything looks dim or if you see flashes of light. Other symptoms that need quick attention are pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye and inflammation.

NIH: National Eye Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the eye that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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oči – nemoci dědičné

Transmission of gene defects or chromosomal aberrations/abnormalities which are expressed in extreme variation in the structure or function of the eye. These may be evident at birth, but may be manifested later with progression of the disorder.
MSH

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oči – enukleace

The surgical removal of the eyeball leaving the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents intact.
MSH

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oční hemoragie

Intraocular hemorrhage from the vessels of various tissues of the eye.
MSH

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oční infekce

Infection, moderate to severe, caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, which occurs either on the external surface of the eye or intraocularly with probable inflammation, visual impairment, or blindness.
MSH

invasion and growth of microorganisms in the eye; may be clinically inapparent or result in local cellular injury; occurs either on the external surface of the eye or intraocularly with probable inflammation, visual impairment, or blindness.
CSP

An infectious process affecting any part of the eye. Causes include viruses and bacteria. Symptoms include itching and discomfort in the eye, watery eyes, eye pain and discharge, and blurring vision. Representative examples include pink eye, blepharitis, and trachoma.
NCI

Your eyes can get infections from bacteria, fungi or viruses. Eye infections can occur in different parts of the eye and can affect just one eye or both. Two common eye infections are

  • Conjunctivitis – also known as pinkeye. Conjunctivitis is often due to an infection. Children frequently get it, and it is very contagious.
  • Stye – a bump on the eyelid that happens when bacteria from your skin get into the hair follicle of an eyelash.

Symptoms of eye infections may include redness, itching, swelling, discharge, pain, or problems with vision. Treatment depends on the cause of the infection and may include compresses, eye drops, creams or antibiotics.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the eye.
NCI

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oční infekce bakteriální

Infections in the inner or external eye caused by microorganisms belonging to several families of bacteria. Some of the more common genera found are Haemophilus, Neisseria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Chlamydia.
MSH

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oční infekce mykotické

Infection by a variety of fungi, usually through four possible mechanisms: superficial infection producing conjunctivitis, keratitis, or lacrimal obstruction; extension of infection from neighboring structures – skin, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx; direct introduction during surgery or accidental penetrating trauma; or via the blood or lymphatic routes in patients with underlying mycoses.
MSH

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oční infekce parazitární

mild to severe infections of the eye and its adjacent structures (adnexa) by adult or larval protozoan or metazoan parasites.
CSP

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oční infekce virové

Infections of the eye caused by minute intracellular agents. These infections may lead to severe inflammation in various parts of the eye – conjunctiva, iris, eyelids, etc. Several viruses have been identified as the causative agents. Among these are Herpesvirus, Adenovirus, Poxvirus, and Myxovirus.
MSH

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