Additional pages

biliární cirhóza

FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
MSH

Cirrhosis of the liver caused either by destruction of the intrahepatic bile ducts (primary biliary cirrhosis) or blockage of the extrahepatic bile ducts (secondary biliary cirrhosis).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

játra – cirhóza experimentální

Experimentally induced chronic injuries to the parenchymal cells in the liver to achieve a model for LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

nemoci jater

Pathological processes of the LIVER.
MSH

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the liver.
CSP

Your liver is the largest organ inside your body. It is also one of the most important. The liver has many jobs, including changing food into energy and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood. Your liver also makes bile, a yellowish-green liquid that helps with digestion.

There are many kinds of liver diseases. Viruses cause some of them, like hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Others can be the result of drugs, poisons or drinking too much alcohol. If the liver forms scar tissue because of an illness, it`s called cirrhosis. Jaundice, or yellowing of the skin, can be one sign of liver disease.

Like other parts of your body, cancer can affect the liver. You could also inherit a liver disease such as hemochromatosis.


MEDLINEPLUS

Any disease or dysfunction of the liver and the intrahepatic bile ducts.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

alkoholické nemoci jater

Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.
MSH

A disorder caused by damage to the liver parenchyma due to alcohol consumption. It may present with an acute onset or follow a chronic course, leading to cirrhosis.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

játra – nemoci parazitární

Liver diseases caused by infections with PARASITES, such as tapeworms (CESTODA) and flukes (TREMATODA).
MSH

infections of the liver with a parasite; they are caused most commonly by trematodes (flukes).
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jaterní extrakty

Extracts of liver tissue containing uncharacterized specific factors with specific activities; a soluble thermostable fraction of mammalian liver is used in the treatment of pernicious anemia.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

játra – funkční testy

The quantitative measurement of liver enzymes in the blood, which is useful in assessing the functional state of a patient`s liver. Liver function tests include the measurement of albumin, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, and gamma glutamyl transferase.
NCI

The examination of the function of the liver using biochemical tests, radiologic procedures, or liver tissue samples.
NCI

A blood test to measure the blood levels of certain substances released by the liver. A high or low level of certain substances can be a sign of liver disease.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

jaterní glykogen

Glycogen stored in the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

nádory jater

Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
MSH

new abnormal liver tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; do not confuse with intrahepatic neoplasm as that may refer to bile duct neoplasm (BILIARY TRACT NEOPLASM).
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

játra – nádory experimentální

Experimentally induced tumors of the LIVER.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

játra – regenerace

Repair or renewal of hepatic tissue.
MSH

renewal or physiological repair of damaged liver tissue.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

transplantace jater

The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
MSH

transference of the liver within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
CSP

Your liver helps fight infections and cleans your blood. It also helps digest food and stores energy for when you need it. You cannot live without a liver that works. If your liver fails, your doctor may put you on a waiting list for a liver transplant. Doctors do liver transplants when other treatments cannot keep a damaged liver working.

During a liver transplantation, the surgeon removes the diseased liver and replaces it with a healthy one. Most transplant livers come from a donor who has died. Sometimes a healthy person donates part of his or her liver for a specific patient. In this case the donor is called a living donor. The most common reason for transplantation in adults is cirrhosis. This is a disease in which healthy liver cells are killed and replaced with scar tissue. The most common reason in children is biliary atresia, a disease of the bile ducts.

People who have transplants must take drugs for the rest of their lives to keep their bodies from rejecting their new livers.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

The transfer of a healthy liver allograft from a donor to a patient.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kvalifikovaný reverz

Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

A type of legal advance directive in which a person describes specific treatment guidelines that are to be followed by health care providers if he or she becomes terminally ill and cannot communicate. A living will usually has instructions about whether to use aggressive medical treatment to keep a person alive (such as CPR, artificial nutrition, use of a respirator).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

ještěrky

any of a suborder (Lacertilia) of reptiles distinguished from the snakes by a fused inseparable lower jaw, a single temporal opening, two pairs of well differentiated functional limbs which may be lacking in burrowing forms, external ears, and eyes with movable lids.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kininogen nízkomolekulární

A protein, molecular weight 50 kD, located in various normal tissues. Upon cleavage by KALLIKREINS, it forms KALLIDIN. Kallidin, in turn, is converted into BRADYKININ. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Loa

A genus of parasitic nematodes found throughout the rain-forest areas of the Sudan and the basin of the Congo. L. loa inhabits the subcutaneous tissues, which it traverses freely.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Kleine modderkruipers

Common name for family Cobitidae.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lobby

A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Lobectomy

Surgery to remove a whole lobe (section) of an organ (such as the lungs, liver, brain, or thyroid gland).
NCI

Surgical removal of a lobe of an organ.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lobelin

An alkaloid that has actions similar to NICOTINE on nicotinic cholinergic receptors but is less potent. It has been proposed for a variety of therapeutic uses including in respiratory disorders, peripheral vascular disorders, insomnia, and smoking cessation.
MSH

A substance that comes from a plant known as Indian tobacco, which is different from the tobacco used to make smoking products. It has been studied as a way to help people stop smoking. It is a type of alkaloid.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Nephropidae

Family of large marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA. These are called clawed lobsters because they bear pincers on the first three pairs of legs. The American lobster and Cape lobster in the genus Homarus are commonly used for food.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lokální počítačové sítě

Communications networks connecting various hardware devices together within or between buildings by means of a continuous cable or voice data telephone system.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

orientační tabule a značení

Directory signs or listings of designated areas within or without a facility.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lokomoce

Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
MSH

Self-propelled movement of a cell or organism from one location to another. [GOC:dgh]
GO

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

locus coeruleus

Bluish region in the superior angle of the fourth ventricle floor, corresponding to melanin-like pigmented nerve cells which lie lateral to the ponto-mesencephalic central gray (griseum centrale). It is also known as nucleus pigmentosus pontis.
MSH

bluish region in the superior angle of the fourth ventricle floor, corresponding to melanin-like pigmented nerve cells which lie lateral to the ponto-mesencephalic central gray (griseum centrale); also known as nucleus pigmentosus pontis.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Plaats van controle

psychological concept referring to an individual`s perception of the outcome of a circumstance (locus of events) as primarily determined by one`s own behavior or by external forces, such as luck, fate or other`s behavior.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lod skóre

The total relative probability, expressed on a logarithmic scale, that a linkage relationship exists among selected loci. Lod is an acronym for “logarithmic odds.”
MSH

A statistical estimate of whether two genetic loci are physically near enough to each other (or linked) on a particular chromosome that they are likely to be inherited together. A LOD score of three or more is generally considered statistically significant evidence of linkage.
NCI

The total relative probability, expressed on a logarithmic scale, that a linkage relationship exists among selected loci. LOD is an acronym for “logarithmic odds.” (From MSH 2001)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lofepramin

A psychotropic IMIPRAMINE derivative that acts as a tricyclic antidepressant and possesses few anticholinergic properties. It is metabolized to DESIPRAMINE.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

logika

The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

logistické modely

Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual`s risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…