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Malassezia

A mitosporic fungal genus that causes a variety of skin disorders. Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum orbiculare) causes TINEA VERSICOLOR.
MSH

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malátdehydrogenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of (S)-malate and NAD+ to oxaloacetate and NADH. EC 1.1.1.37.
MSH

converts malate to oxaloacetate in the final step of the Krebs` cycle decarboxylating isoforms go all the way to pyruvate.
CSP

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malátsynthasa

An important enzyme in the glyoxylic acid cycle which reversibly catalyzes the synthesis of L-malate from acetyl-CoA and glyoxylate. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.2.
MSH

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malathion

A wide spectrum aliphatic organophosphate insecticide widely used for both domestic and commercial agricultural purposes.
MSH

A synthetic phosphorous compound and cholinesterase inhibitor that is strictly used as a topical pediculicide. Malathion exerts its action on the nervous system of the lice by irreversibly inhibiting the activity of cholinesterase, thereby allowing acetylcholine to accumulate at cholinergic synapses and enhancing cholinergic receptor stimulation. This eventually leads to the head lice`s death.
NCI

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Malawi

A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, east of Zambia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, east of Zambia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Malajsie

southeast Asian country, capital Kuala Lumpur.
CSP

A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
MSH

A country in Southeastern Asia, occupying a peninsula and the northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, occupying a peninsula and the northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Malediven

A country in Southern Asia, occupying a group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Asia, occupying a group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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mužské pohlaví

use in conjunction with a disease, disorder, dysfunction, body system, or function which is gender specific.
CSP

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces sperm. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI)
NCI

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces sperm. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, cultural gender role distinctions, or both.
NCI

Male


HL7V3.0

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anhydridy maleové

Used in copolymerization reactions, in the Diels-Alder(diene)synthesis, in the preparation of resins, pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals. It is a powerful irritant and causes burns.
MSH

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hydrazid kyseliny malonové

1,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione. A herbicide and plant growth regulator; also used to control suckering of tobacco. Its residue in food and tobacco is highly toxic, causing CNS disturbances and liver damage.
MSH

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Mali

A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, southwest of Algeria. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, southwest of Algeria. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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maligní karcinoidní syndrom

A symptom complex associated with CARCINOID TUMOR and characterized by attacks of severe flushing of the skin, diarrheal watery stools, bronchoconstriction, sudden drops in blood pressure, edema, and ascites. The carcinoid tumors are usually located in the gastrointestinal tract and metastasize to the liver. Symptoms are caused by tumor secretion of serotonin, prostaglandins, and other biologically active substances. Cardiac manifestations constitute CARCINOID HEART DISEASE. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A combination of symptoms caused by the release of serotonin and other substances from carcinoid tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms may include flushing of the face, flat angiomas (small collections of dilated blood vessels) of the skin, diarrhea, bronchial spasms, rapid pulse, and sudden drops in blood pressure.
NCI

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katar maligní

A herpesvirus infection of cattle characterized by catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory and alimentary epithelia, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalitis and lymph node enlargement. Syn: bovine epitheliosis, snotsiekte.
MSH

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maligní hypertermie

Rapid and excessive rise of temperature accompanied by muscular rigidity following general anesthesia.
MSH

usually inherited reaction to general anesthesia manifested as a sudden, rapid rise in temperature, hypermetabolism, and skeletal muscle rigidity; mutation is in the calcium release channel of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum.
CSP

A rare disorder characterized by rapid rise of the body temperature, accompanied by rhabdomyolysis and, if untreated, by collapse and death. It occurs in susceptible individuals who receive certain drugs for general anesthesia, gas anesthetics, or succinylcholine. It may be inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.
NCI

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Maligní novotvar sítnice

Abnormal growth of cells comprising the retina with malignant characteristics.
NCI

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URDAILEKO TUMORE GEIZTOA

A primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm involving the stomach.
NCI

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simulování

Simulation of symptoms of illness or injury with intent to deceive in order to obtain a goal, e.g., a claim of physical illness to avoid jury duty.
MSH

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maleus

The largest of the auditory ossicles, and the one attached to the membrana tympani (TYMPANIC MEMBRANE). Its club-shaped head articulates with the INCUS.
MSH

A hammer-shaped bone, part of three interconnected small bones located in the middle ear. It is attached to the inner surface of the tympanic membrane and its function is to transmit sound vibrations. (NCI)
NCI

A hammer-shaped bone, part of three interconnected small bones located in the middle ear. It is attached to the inner surface of the tympanic membrane and its function is to transmit sound vibrations.
NCI

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Malloryho-Weissův syndrom

A condition characterized by mucosal tears at the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION, sometimes with HEMATEMESIS. Typically it is caused by forceful bouts of retching or VOMITING.
MSH

A disorder characterized by upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding caused by longitudinal mucosal tears in the gastroesophageal junction. The tears result from retching or forceful coughing. It was initially described in alcoholics.
NCI

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malokluze

Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
MSH

malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth which interferes with efficiency during mastication.
CSP

An inherited or acquired dental abnormality characterized by improper alignment of the teeth.
NCI

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malokluze – Angleova II. třída

Malocclusion in which the mandible is posterior to the maxilla as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (distoclusion).
MSH

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malondialdehyd

The dialdehyde of malonic acid.
MSH

aldehyde of malonic acid.
CSP

A byproduct of lipid (fat) metabolism in the body. It is also found in many foods and can be present in high amounts in rancid food.
NCI

An organic compound with the formula CH2(CHO)2, and a byproduct of lipid metabolism in the body. Malondialdehyde, a highly reactive compound, is one of the many reactive electrophile species that cause toxic stress in cells and form covalent protein adducts, called advanced lipoxidation end products (ALE). This compound also forms mutagenic DNA adducts when it reacts with deoxyadenosine and deoxyguanosine in DNA. Malondialdehyde is also found in many foods and is present in high levels in rancid foods.
NCI

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malonylkoenzym A

A coenzyme A derivative which plays a key role in the fatty acid synthesis in the cytoplasmic and microsomal systems.
MSH

coenzyme A derivative which plays a key role in the fatty acid synthesis in the cytoplasmic and microsomal systems.
CSP

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malpighické kanálky

Slender tubular or hairlike excretory structures found in insects. They emerge from the alimentary canal between the mesenteron (midgut) and the proctodeum (hindgut).
MSH

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zanedbání povinné péče

Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

improper or unethical treatment done to a patient by a health care personnel
CHV

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Malta

An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)
MSH

A country in Southern Europe, occupying islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy). (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Europe, occupying islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy). (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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maltosa

A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

reducing disaccharide composed of two glucose residues; fundamental structural unit of glycogen and starch; used as a nutrient and sweetener.
CSP

A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units linked through an alpha-1,4 glycosidic bond.
NCI

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mléčné žlázy zvířat

MAMMARY GLANDS in the non-human MAMMALS.
MSH

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savci

Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.
MSH

warm-blooded chordates with hair, 7 cervical vertebrates, 4 chambered heart, 5 or fewer digits on each limb, mammary glands with milk for feeding young; can be terrestrial, aerial or aquatic.
CSP

A class of warm-blooded vertebrate animals having the skin more or less covered with hair; young are born alive except for the small subclass of monotremes and nourished with milk.
NCI

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arteriae thoracicae internae

Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.
MSH

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