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marihuana

The dried leaves and flowering tops of the Cannabis sativa plant, or an extract from the plant. Marijuana is being studied in the treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy or opiate drugs, such as morphine sulfate. Marijuana is also being studied in the treatment of pain.
NCI

Any part of, or extract from, the female hemp plant Cannabis sativa. Marijuana contains cannabinoids, substances with hallucinogenic, psychoactive, and addictive properties. This agent has potential use for treating cancer pain and cachexia. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=269131&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=269131&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C26659″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

Any part of, or extract from, the female hemp plant Cannabis sativa. Marijuana contains cannabinoids, substances with hallucinogenic, psychoactive, and addictive properties. This agent has potential use for treating cancer pain and cachexia. (NCI04)
NCI

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marihuana – abúzus

The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
MSH

excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
CSP

Marijuana is a dry, shredded mix of flowers, stems, seeds and leaves of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. People usually smoke it as a cigarette or in a pipe. It is the most commonly abused illegal drug in the United States.

Abusing marijuana can result in problems with memory, learning and social behavior. It can interfere with family, school, work and other activities.

Scientific studies are underway to test the safety and usefulness of cannabis compounds for treating certain medical conditions. Currently, smoking marijuana is not recommended for the treatment of any disease or condition.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse


MEDLINEPLUS

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marihuana – kouření

Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.
MSH

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mořská biologie

The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
MSH

branch of biology that deals with living organisms that inhabit the sea.
CSP

The study of organisms that live in the sea or in other bodies of water.
NCI

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mořské toxiny

Toxic or poisonous substances elaborated by marine flora or fauna. They include also specific, characterized poisons or toxins for which there is no more specific heading, like those from poisonous FISHES.
MSH

poison, usually protein, produced by or accumulating in marine organisms that is toxic to other living organisms.
CSP

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stav (manželský)

A demographic parameter indicating a person`s status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
MSH

A demographic parameter indicating a person`s current conjugal status.
NCI

The marital status of the patient at date of admission, outpatient service or start of care. Values such as: single married, Life Partner, Legally Separated, Divorced, Widowed, Unknown. Form Locator 16 in the NUBC document. This is to be used only in situations where regulations require the use of NUBC marital status codes.


HL7V3.0

A demographic parameter indicating a person`s current conjugal status.
NCI

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manželská terapie

A form of psychotherapy involving the husband and wife and directed to improving the marital relationship.
MSH

counseling or psychotherapy directed to enriching or improving the marital relationship.
CSP

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marketink

Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
MSH

The commercial processes involved in promoting and selling and distributing a product or service.
NCI

Description:


HL7V3.0

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marketink zdravotnických služeb

Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
MSH

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Markovovy řetězce

A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.
MSH

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Marmota

A genus of Sciuridae consisting of 14 species. They are shortlegged, burrowing rodents which hibernate in winter.
MSH

stocky, burrowing rodent with course fur, short bushy tail and very small ears; hibernates in the winter.
CSP

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manželství

The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby men and women are joined together for the purpose of founding a family unit.
MSH

The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby men and women are joined together for the purpose of founding a family unit; the state of being a married couple.
NCI

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věk při sňatku

the age at which marriage takes place; typically indexed for epidemiologic research grants.
CSP

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Marshalleilanden

A group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. (NCI)
NCI

A group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Marsupalia

mammals with maternal pouch (marsupium) containing nipples; epipubic bones, double uterum and vagina; embryo leaves uterus and develops in marsupium.
CSP

An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.
MSH

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Martinik

An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling “Madinina” as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)
MSH

An island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (NCI)
NCI

An island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Maryland

A state in the mid-atlantic United States. Its capital is Annapolis.
NCI

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masky

Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

A protective covering worn over the face, or an apparatus for administering anesthesia or oxygen through the nose or mouth.
NCI

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masochismus

Pleasure derived from being physically or psychologically abused, whether inflicted by oneself or by others. Masochism includes sexual masochism.
MSH

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Masonův-Pfizerův virus opic

A species of BETARETROVIRUS isolated from mammary carcinoma in rhesus monkeys. It appears to have evolved from a recombination between a murine B oncovirus and a primate C oncovirus related to the baboon endogenous virus. Several serologically distinct strains exist. MPMV induces SIMIAN AIDS.
MSH

species of beta retrovirus isolated from mammary carcinoma in rhesus monkeys; it appears to have evolved from a recombination between a murine B oncovirus and a primate C oncovirus related to the baboon endogenous virus; several serologically distinct strains exist; MPMV induces simian AIDS (SAIDS).
CSP

Mason-Pfizer Monkey Virus; causes AIDS-like disease (NCI)
NCI

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davové chování

Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.
MSH

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plíce – hromadné snímkování

X-ray screening of large groups of persons for diseases of the lung and heart by means of radiography of the chest.
MSH

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plynová chromatografie s hmotnostně spektrometrickou detekcí

technique for simultaneously measuring retention time and dispersing molecules into the gas phase for mass spectrometry using a tandem apparatus.
CSP

A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
MSH

Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy


HL7V3.0

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hromadné sdělovací prostředky

Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
MSH

instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message; includes press, radio, television, etc.
CSP

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plošný screening

Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
MSH

organized procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
CSP

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Massachusetts

A state in the northeast United States. Its capital is Boston.
NCI

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masáž

Group of systematic and scientific manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.
MSH

A therapeutic method of manipulation, methodical pressure, friction, and kneading of the body. (from Taber`s)
NCI

systematic therapeutic friction, stroking and kneading of the body.
CSP

A treatment in which the soft tissues of the body are kneaded, rubbed, tapped, and stroked. Massage therapy may help people relax, relieve stress and pain, lower blood pressure, and improve circulation. It is being studied in the treatment of cancer symptoms such as lack of energy, pain, swelling, and depression.
NCI

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musculus masseter

A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws.
MSH

Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. (MeSH)
NCI

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mastocyty

Granulated cells that are found in almost all tissues, most abundantly in the skin and the gastrointestinal tract. Like the BASOPHILS, mast cells contain large amounts of HISTAMINE and HEPARIN. Unlike basophils, mast cells normally remain in the tissues and do not circulate in the blood. Mast cells, derived from the bone marrow stem cells, are regulated by the STEM CELL FACTOR.
MSH

granulated cells that are found in almost all tissues, most abundantly in the skin and the gastrointestinal tract; like basophils, contain large amounts of histamine and heparin but unlike basophils, mast cells normally remain in the tissues and do not circulate in the blood; mast cells, derived from the bone marrow stem cells, are regulated by stem cell factor.
CSP

A type of white blood cell.
NCI

Mast cells are hematopoietic tissue cells that contain coarse, basophilic, metachromatic granules. They are believed to contain heparin and histamine and derive from hematopoietic progenitor cells.
NCI

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mastektomie

Surgery to remove the breast (or as much of the breast tissue as possible).
NCI

A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast. It is performed either to treat or to prevent breast cancer. Only high-risk patients have surgery to prevent cancer. There are four main types:

  • Total mastectomy – removal of breast tissue and nipple
  • Modified radical mastectomy – removal of the breast, most of the lymph nodes under the arm and often the lining over the chest muscles
  • Lumpectomy – surgery to remove the tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it
  • Radical mastectomy – the removal of the breast, lymph nodes and chest muscles. This is no longer common

Which surgery you have depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumor, size of the breast and whether the lymph nodes are involved. Many women have breast reconstruction to rebuild the breast after a mastectomy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Surgical removal of the breast.
NCI

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