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Herpestidae

The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.
MSH

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monieziáza

Infection of ruminants with tapeworms of the genus Moniezia.
MSH

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Moniliformis

A genus of roundworms of the phylum Acanthocephala, parasitic in rats, mice, hamsters, dogs and cats. Occasional infection in man produces inflammation and ulceration of the intestinal mucosa.
MSH

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monitorování imunologické

Testing of immune status in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer, immunoproliferative and immunodeficiency disorders, and autoimmune abnormalities. Changes in immune parameters are of special significance before, during and following organ transplantation. Strategies include measurement of tumor antigen and other markers (often by RADIOIMMUNOASSAY), studies of cellular or humoral immunity in cancer etiology, IMMUNOTHERAPY trials, etc.
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monitorování fyziologické

The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
MSH

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opice – nemoci

Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).
MSH

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virus neštovic opic

A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.
MSH

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Cercopithecus aethiops

A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannas of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
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opice

Any haplorhine primate not belonging to the family Tarsiidae, Hylobatidae, Pongidae, or Hominidae; this does not correspond to any taxon. This group is divided into Old World monkeys (Cercopithecidae) and New World monkeys (Callitrichidae and Cebidae). Many types are used as an experimental model for human disease and drug testing.
NCI

A non-taxonomic, non-specific term for the smaller longer-tailed PRIMATES.
MSH

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monoacylglycerollipasy

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of glycerol monoesters of long-chain fatty acids EC 3.1.1.23.
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monoaminoxidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of naturally occurring monoamines. It is a flavin-containing enzyme that is localized in mitochondrial membranes, whether in nerve terminals, the liver, or other organs. Monoamine oxidase is important in regulating the metabolic degradation of catecholamines and serotonin in neural or target tissues. Hepatic monoamine oxidase has a crucial defensive role in inactivating circulating monoamines or those, such as tyramine, that originate in the gut and are absorbed into the portal circulation. (From Goodman and Gilman`s, The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p415) EC 1.4.3.4.
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monoaminoxidasa – inhibitory

A chemically heterogeneous group of drugs that have in common the ability to block oxidative deamination of naturally occurring monoamines. (From Gilman, et al., Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p414)
MSH

chemically heterogeneous group of antidepressant drugs that have in common the ability to block oxidative deamination of naturally occurring monoamines.
CSP

A type of drug used to treat depression. It stops the breakdown of certain chemicals in the brain that help improve a person`s mood. A MAO inhibitor is a type of antidepressant.
NCI

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monobaktamy

Monocyclic, bacterially produced or semisynthetic beta-lactam antibiotics. They lack the double ring construction of the traditional beta-lactam antibiotics and can be easily synthesized.
MSH

group of antibiotics containing beta lactam rings which are cleaved by the beta lactamases produced by almost all gram negative bacteria.
CSP

Compounds containing a four-membered ring with an amide nitrogen and a keto group. This configuration includes bacteriostatic, cell-wall inhibiting antibiotics, such as penicillins and cephalosporins, their analogs and derivatives, such as the penem (or penam) compounds, clavulanic acids, and monobactams. They are substrates for and may act as inhibitors of bacterial beta-lactamases. (MeSH)
NCI

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monoklonální gamapatie nejistého původu

Conditions characterized by the presence of M protein (Monoclonal protein) in serum or urine without clinical manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasia.
MSH

A benign condition in which there is a higher-than-normal level of a protein called M protein in the blood. Patients with MGUS are at an increased risk of developing cancer.
NCI

A plasma cell disorder in which an abnormal amount of a single immunoglobulin is present in the serum. Up to 25% of cases of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) progress to a B-cell malignancy or myeloma. MGUS may occur in conjunction with various carcinomas, chronic inflammatory and infectious conditions, and other diseases.
NCI

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monokrotofos

An organophosphate insecticide that inhibits monoamine oxidase and acetylcholinesterase. It has been shown to be genotoxic.
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monocyty

Large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate BONE MARROW and released into the BLOOD; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.
MSH

large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate bone marrow and released into the blood and tissues where they develop into macrophages; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.
CSP

A type of immune cell that is made in the bone marrow and travels through the blood to tissues in the body where it becomes a macrophage. Macrophages surround and kill microorganisms, ingest foreign material, remove dead cells, and boost immune responses. A monocyte is a type of white blood cell and a type of phagocyte.
NCI

Large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate bone marrow and released into the blood; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.
NCI

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monoglyceridy

GLYCEROL esterified with a single acyl (FATTY ACIDS) chain.
MSH

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monokiny

Soluble mediators of the immune response that are neither antibodies nor complement. They are produced largely, but not exclusively, by monocytes and macrophages.
MSH

general term for soluble mediators of immune responses that are not antibodies or complement components and that are produced by mononuclear phagocytes (monocytes or macrophages).
CSP

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monomethylhydrazin

Hydrazine substituted by one methyl group.
MSH

hydrazines substituted by one or more methyl groups.
CSP

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proteiny přenášející monosacharidy

A large group of membrane transport proteins that shuttle MONOSACCHARIDES across CELL MEMBRANES.
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monosacharidy

Simple sugars, carbohydrates which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis. They are colorless crystalline substances with a sweet taste and have the same general formula CnH2nOn. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

simple sugar; a carbohydrate which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis, consisting of a colorless crystalline substance having a sweet taste and the general formula n(CH2O).
CSP

A carbohydrate which cannot be reduced to smaller units by hydrolysis; it is the simplest structural form of a carbohydrate.
NCI

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monozómie

The condition in which one chromosome of a pair is missing. In a normally diploid cell it is represented symbolically as 2N-1.
MSH

A chromosomal abnormality consisting of the absence of one chromosome from the normal diploid number. (WordNet)
NCI

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Scedosporium apiospermum

Anamorph of Pseudallescheria boydii.
MSH

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Montana

A state in the northern midwest United States. Its capital is Helena.
NCI

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metoda Monte Carlo

In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
MSH

A computing method involving many similar individual, yet randomly differing, calculations. The individual calculations differ due to the introduction of random numbers for some input quantity or quantities. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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Monteggiova fraktura

Fracture in the proximal half of the shaft of the ulna, with dislocation of the head of the radius.
MSH

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Černá Hora

A republic in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Formerly part of Serbia and Montenegro (Federation Republic of Yugoslavia). (CIA World Factbook 2006)
NCI

A republic in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Formerly part of Serbia and Montenegro (Federation Republic of Yugoslavia). (NCI)
NCI

Montenegro was formerly part of the historic Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Montenegro was granted the status of a republic within YUGOSLAVIA. On May 21, 2006, the Republic of Montenegro held a successful referendum on independence and declared independence on June 3. The capital is Podgorica.
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Montserrat

A country in the Caribbean, occupying an island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Caribbean, occupying an island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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nálada

A relatively temporary state of feeling.
NCI

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mopidamol

A phosphodiesterase inhibitor which inhibits platelet aggregation. Formerly used as an antineoplastic.
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