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požehování

The burning of a small, thimble sized, smoldering plug of dried leaves on the SKIN at an ACUPUNCTURE point. Usually the plugs contain leaves of MUGWORT or moxa.
MSH

In traditional Chinese medicine, a type of heat therapy in which an herb is burned on or above the skin to warm and stimulate an acupuncture point or affected area.
NCI

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moyamoya nemoc

A noninflammatory, progressive occlusion of the intracranial CAROTID ARTERIES and the formation of netlike collateral arteries arising from the CIRCLE OF WILLIS. Cerebral angiogram shows the puff-of-smoke (moyamoya) collaterals at the base of the brain. It is characterized by endothelial HYPERPLASIA and FIBROSIS with thickening of arterial walls. This disease primarily affects children but can also occur in adults.
MSH

A rare inherited vascular disorder characterized by constriction of arteries at the base of the brain, resulting in the formation of collateral circulation in order to compensate for the constriction. The name “moyamoya” in Japanese means “puff of smoke” and derives from the characteristic radiographic appearance of the collateral vessels.
NCI

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Mosambik

A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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mRNA Precursor

newly transcribed RNA fully complementary to the DNA sequence of structural genes; this component of the spliceosome and hnRNA is spliced, 5` capped, 3` polyadenylated, transported to the cytoplasm as mature mRNA, and translated.
CSP

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melanocyty stimulující hormony

peptide hormones secreted by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary that stimulate melanin release and dispersal; also found in the brain where they are presumed to play a signaling role.
CSP

Peptides with the ability to stimulate pigmented cells MELANOCYTES in mammals and MELANOPHORES in lower vertebrates. By stimulating the synthesis and distribution of MELANIN in these pigmented cells, they increase coloration of skin and other tissue. MSHs, derived from pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), are produced by MELANOTROPHS in the INTERMEDIATE LOBE OF PITUITARY; CORTICOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR LOBE OF PITUITARY, and the hypothalamic neurons in the ARCUATE NUCLEUS.
MSH

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hormon inhibující uvolňování MSH

A hypothalamic tripeptide, enzymatic degradation product of OXYTOCIN, that inhibits the release of MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES.
MSH

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muciny

High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.
MSH

principal component of mucous.
CSP

An albuminoid substance containing mucopolysaccharides and protein which is contained in mucus, and gives to the latter secretion its peculiar ropy character. It is found in all the secretions from mucous glands, and also between the fibres of connective tissue, as in tendons. (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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mukokela

A retention cyst of the salivary gland, lacrimal sac, paranasal sinuses, appendix, or gallbladder. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

A mucous containing cyst arising from the minor salivary glands in the oral cavity.
NCI

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mukociliární clearance

A non-specific host defense mechanism that removes MUCUS and other material from the LUNGS by ciliary and secretory activity of the tracheobronchial submucosal glands. It is measured in vivo as mucus transfer, ciliary beat frequency, and clearance of radioactive tracers.
MSH

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mukokutánní lymfatický syndrom

An acute, febrile, mucocutaneous condition accompanied by swelling of cervical lymph nodes in infants and young children. The principal symptoms are fever, congestion of the ocular conjunctivae, reddening of the lips and oral cavity, protuberance of tongue papillae, and edema or erythema of the extremities.
MSH

systemic disease primarily of infants and young children, characterized by skin rash, swelling of hands and feet, enlarged cervical lymph nodes, “strawberry tongue”, dry and cracked lips, high fevers, and coronary artery disease.
CSP

Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood disease. It makes the walls of the blood vessels throughout the body become inflamed. It can affect any type of blood vessel, including the arteries, veins and capillaries.No one knows what causes Kawasaki disease. Symptoms include

  • High fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • A rash on the mid-section and genital area
  • Red, dry, cracked lips and a red, swollen tongue
  • Red, swollen palms of the hands and soles of the feet
  • Redness of the eyes

Kawasaki disease can`t be passed from one child to another. It is mainly treated with medicines. Rarely, medical procedures and surgery also may be used for children whose coronary arteries are affected.

Kawasaki disease can`t be prevented. However, most children who develop the disease fully recover — usually within weeks of getting signs and symptoms. Further problems are rare.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A vasculitis characterized by inflammation of the arteries, particularly the coronary arteries. The vasculitis may lead to aneurysm formation and possibly, heart attacks. It affects young children who usually present with persistent high fever, redness of the mucous membranes of the mouth, redness of the palms and soles, skin rashes, lymphadenitis, and joint pain and swelling.
NCI

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mukolipidózy

A group of inherited metabolic diseases characterized by the accumulation of excessive amounts of acid mucopolysaccharides, sphingolipids, and/or glycolipids in visceral and mesenchymal cells. Abnormal amounts of sphingolipids or glycolipids are present in neural tissue. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY and skeletal changes, most notably dysostosis multiplex, occur frequently. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch56, pp36-7)
MSH

A group of inherited lysosomal storage diseases characterized by accumulation of lipids and carbohydrates in the tissues, resulting in mental disabilities and skeletal malformations.
NCI

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mukopolysacharidózy

Group of lysosomal storage diseases each caused by an inherited deficiency of an enzyme involved in the degradation of glycosaminoglycans (mucopolysaccharides). The diseases are progressive and often display a wide spectrum of clinical severity within one enzyme deficiency.
MSH

any of a group of lysosomal storage diseases resulting from defects in degradation of glycosaminoglycans, which are excreted in urine and accumulate in tissue.
CSP

A group of autosomal recessive or X-linked inherited lysosomal storage disorders affecting the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides, resulting in the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides in the body. Signs and symptoms include organomegaly, mental retardation, abnormal skeletal development, heart disorders, hearing loss, and central nervous system deficiencies.
NCI

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mukopolysacharidóza II

Systemic lysosomal storage disease marked by progressive physical deterioration and caused by a deficiency of L-sulfoiduronate sulfatase. This disease differs from MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS I by slower progression, lack of corneal clouding, and X-linked rather than autosomal recessive inheritance. The mild form produces near-normal intelligence and life span. The severe form usually causes death by age 15.
MSH

lysosomal storage disease marked by progressive physical deterioration and caused by a deficiency of L-sulfoiduronate sulfatase; this disease differs from muchopolysaccharidosis I by slower progression, lack of corneal clouding, and X-linked rather than autosomal recessive inheritance.
CSP

An X-linked, inherited lysosomal storage disease caused by the deficiency of the enzyme iduronate sulfatase that is responsible for the degradation of mucopolysaccharides. It nearly always affects males and is characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides in various organs, resulting in mental dysfunction, enlarged abdomen, hearing loss, obstructive airway disease, heart disease, and hepatosplenomegaly.
NCI

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mukopolysacharidóza III

Mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparitin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders. There are four clinically indistinguishable but biochemically distinct forms, each due to a deficiency of a different enzyme.
MSH

mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders.
CSP

A rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease affecting the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides. Signs and symptoms include behavioral changes, sleep disorders, mental developmental delays, and seizures.
NCI

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mukopolysacharidóza IV

Genetic disorder of mucopolysaccharide metabolism characterized by skeletal abnormalities, joint instability, development of cervical myelopathy, and excessive urinary keratan sulfate. There are two biochemically distinct forms, each due to a deficiency of a different enzyme.
MSH

genetic disorder of mucopolysaccharide metabolism characterized by skeletal abnormalities, joint instability, development of cervical myelopathy, and excessive urinary keratan sulfate.
CSP

A rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease characterized by abnormal skeletal developments, dwarfism, heart disorders, and central nervous system deficits.
NCI

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Mukopolysacharidóza V

An autosomal recessive disorder representing the milder form of mucopolysaccharidosis type I. It is characterized by deficiency of the enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase. Signs and symptoms include broad mouth with full lips, cloudy cornea which may lead to blindness, stiff joints, and hirsutism.
NCI

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mukopolysacharidóza VI

Mucopolysaccharidosis with excessive CHONDROITIN SULFATE B in urine, characterized by dwarfism and deafness. It is caused by a deficiency of N-ACETYLGALACTOSAMINE-4-SULFATASE (arylsulfatase B).
MSH

mucopolysaccharidosis with excessive chondroitin sulfate B in urine, characterized by dwarfism and deafness; caused by a deficiency of arylsulfatase B (N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase).
CSP

A rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase. It is characterized by organomegaly, short stature, joint stiffness, otitis media, and respiratory illnesses.
NCI

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mukoproteiny

Conjugated proteins in which mucopolysaccharides are combined with proteins. The mucopolysaccharide moiety is the predominant group with the protein making up only a small percentage of the total weight.
MSH

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Mucor

A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order Mucorales. It is primarily saprophytic, but may cause MUCORMYCOSIS in man from spores germinating in the lungs.
MSH

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Mucorales

An order of zygomycetous fungi, usually saprophytic, causing damage to food in storage, but which may cause respiratory infection or MUCORMYCOSIS in persons suffering from other debilitating diseases.
MSH

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mukormykóza

Infection in humans and animals caused by any fungus in the order Mucorales (e.g., Absidia, Mucor, Rhizopus etc.) There are many clinical types associated with infection of the central nervous system, lung, gastrointestinal tract, skin, orbit and paranasal sinuses. In humans, it usually occurs as an opportunistic infection in patients with a chronic debilitating disease, particularly uncontrolled diabetes, or who are receiving immunosuppressive agents. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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sliznice

An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.
MSH

mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages that communicate with the exterior.
CSP

The moist, inner lining of some organs and body cavities (such as the nose, mouth, lungs, and stomach). Glands in the mucosa make mucus (a thick, slippery fluid).
NCI

Mucous membrane. (NCI)
NCI

Mucous membrane.
NCI

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hlen

The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
MSH

A thick, slippery fluid produced by the membranes that line certain organs of the body, including the nose, mouth, throat, and vagina.
NCI

viscous suspension of mucin, water, cells, and inorganic salts.
CSP

The thick fluid secreted by the mucus glands in the aerodigestive tract and the vagina. (NCI)
NCI

Portion of secreted substance produced by a mucous gland or goblet cell.
FMA

Secretion produced by a mucous gland or goblet cell.
UWDA

The thick fluid secreted by the mucus glands in the aerodigestive tract and the vagina.
NCI

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bahno – terapie

The therapeutic use of mud in packs or baths taking advantage of the absorptive qualities of the mud. It has been used for rheumatism and skin problems.
MSH

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ductus Mülleri

A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
MSH

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multiinstitucionální systémy

Institutional systems consisting of more than one health facility which have cooperative administrative arrangements through merger, affiliation, shared services, or other collective ventures.
MSH

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multienzymové komplexy

Systems of enzymes which function sequentially by catalyzing consecutive reactions linked by common metabolic intermediates. They may involve simply a transfer of water molecules or hydrogen atoms and may be associated with large supramolecular structures such as MITOCHONDRIA or RIBOSOMES.
MSH

systems of enzymes which function sequentially by catalyzing consecutive reactions linked by common metabolic intermediates; may involve simply a transfer of water molecules of hydrogen atoms or be associated with large supramolecular structures such as mitochondria or ribosomes.
CSP

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vícefázový screening

The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
MSH

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porody mnohočetné

The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
MSH

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karboxylasa – mnohočetný nedostatek

A deficiency in the activities of biotin-dependent enzymes (propionyl-CoA carboxylase, methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, and PYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE) due to one of two defects in BIOTIN metabolism. The neonatal form is due to HOLOCARBOXYLASE SYNTHETASE DEFICIENCY. The late-onset form is due to BIOTINIDASE DEFICIENCY.
MSH

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