Additional pages

potrava – omezení příjmu

abstaining from all food.
CSP

Abstaining from food.
NCI

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tukové těleso

A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.
MSH

nutritional resevoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.
CSP

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tukové emulze intravenózní

Emulsions of fats or lipids used primarily in parenteral feeding.
MSH

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tuková nekróza

A condition in which the death of adipose tissue results in neutral fats being split into fatty acids and glycerol.
MSH

A benign condition in which fat tissue in the breast or other organs is damaged by injury, surgery, or radiation therapy. The fat tissue in the breast may be replaced by a cyst or by scar tissue, which may feel like a round, firm lump. The skin around the lump may look red, bruised or dimpled.
NCI

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otec a dítě – vztahy

Interaction between the father and the child.
MSH

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otcové

Male parents, human or animal.
MSH

A male parent.
NCI

The player of the role is a male who begets or raises or nurtures the scoping entity (child).


HL7V3.0

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únava

The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
MSH

state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
CSP

A disorder characterized by a state of generalized weakness with a pronounced inability to summon sufficient energy to accomplish daily activities.
NCI

You`re tired, weak, exhausted, weary, worn out. You have a lack of energy and as a result you feel distressed. You`re not functioning as well as you should. It`s called fatigue, and everyone feels it at times.

Acute fatigue is normal tiredness with occasional symptoms that begin quickly and last for a short time. Rest may help ease acute fatigue and let you return to your normal activities. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disorder that causes extreme fatigue. This fatigue is not the kind of tired feeling that goes away after you rest. Instead, it lasts a long time and limits your ability to do ordinary daily activities. Fatigue may also accompany other conditions, including pregnancy, anemia, or cancer, or may result from medicines or emotional problems.

Fatigue is a common symptom. Your health care provider can help find the cause and recommend ways to relieve it.


MEDLINEPLUS

A condition marked by extreme tiredness and inability to function due lack of energy. Fatigue may be acute or chronic.
NCI

A survey question about whether a person has experienced a lack of energy.
NCI

I have a lack of energy.
NCI

That state, following a period of mental or bodily activity, characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency or accomplishment, usually accompanied by a feeling of weariness, sleepiness, or irritability. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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syndrom chronické únavy

A syndrome characterized by persistent or recurrent fatigue, diffuse musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbances, and subjective cognitive impairment of 6 months duration or longer. Symptoms are not caused by ongoing exertion; are not relieved by rest; and result in a substantial reduction of previous levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities. Minor alterations of immune, neuroendocrine, and autonomic function may be associated with this syndrome. There is also considerable overlap between this condition and FIBROMYALGIA. (From Semin Neurol 1998;18(2):237-42; Ann Intern Med 1994 Dec 15;121(12): 953-9)
MSH

distinctive syndrome characterized by chronic fatigue, mild fever, lymphadenopathy, headache, myalgia, arthralgia, depression, and memory loss; candidate etiologic agents include Epstein-Barr and other herpesviruses.
CSP

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disorder that causes extreme fatigue. This fatigue is not the kind of tired feeling that goes away after you rest. Instead, it lasts a long time and limits your ability to do ordinary daily activities.

Symptoms of CFS include fatigue for 6 months or more and experiencing other problems such as muscle pain, memory problems, headaches, pain in multiple joints, sleep problems, sore throat and tender lymph nodes. Since other illnesses can cause similar symptoms, CFS is hard to diagnose.

No one knows what causes CFS. It is most common in women in their 40s and 50s, but anyone can have it. It can last for years. There is no cure for CFS, so the goal of treatment is to improve symptoms. Medicines may treat pain, sleep disorders and other problems.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A condition lasting for more than 6 months in which a person feels tired most of the time and may have trouble concentrating and carrying out daily activities. Other symptoms include sore throat, fever, muscle weakness, headache, and joint pain.
NCI

A syndrome of unknown etiology. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a clinical diagnosis characterized by an unexplained persistent or relapsing chronic fatigue that is of at least six months` duration, is not the result of ongoing exertion, is not substantially alleviated by rest, and results in substantial reduction of previous levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities. Common concurrent symptoms of at least six months duration include impairment of memory or concentration, diffuse pain, sore throat, tender lymph nodes, headaches of a new type, pattern, or severity, and nonrestorative sleep. The etiology of CFS may be viral or immunologic. Neurasthenia and fibromyalgia may represent related disorders. Also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis.
NCI

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únava duševní

A condition of low alertness or cognitive impairment, usually associated with prolonged mental activities or stress.
MSH

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tuky

The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

ester of glycerol with fatty acids; generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure; fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents; they occur in animal and vegetable tissue.
CSP

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tuky nenasycené

Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.
MSH

fats containing one or more double bonds.
CSP

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desaturasy mastných kyselin

A family of enzymes that catalyze the stereoselective, regioselective, or chemoselective syn-dehydrogenation reactions. They function by a mechanism that is linked directly to reduction of molecular OXYGEN.
MSH

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komplex synthetasy mastných kyselin

An enzyme complex of multiple catalytic domains which elongates FATTY ACIDS. The form found in BACTERIA; FUNGI; and PLANTS is different from the form found in ANIMALS. The complex is a target of some ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, some ANTI-OBESITY AGENTS, and some ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS.
MSH

animal enzyme is a multi-functional protein catalyzing the reactions of EC 2.3.1.38, EC 2.3.1.39, EC 2.3.1.41, EC 1.1.1.100, EC 4.2.1.61, EC 1.3.1.10, and EC 3.1.2.14.
CSP

Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is a key metabolic enzyme catalyzing the synthesis of long-chain saturated fatty acids. It plays a central role in the production of surfactant in fetal lungs, in the supply of fatty components of milk, and in the conversion and storage of energy in liver and adipose tissue. Remarkably high levels of FAS expression are found in the majority of human epithelial cancers. Experimental manipulation suggests a link between FAS overexpression and dysregulation of membrane composition and functioning in tumor cells. (from Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2003;302:898-903)
NCI

This protein is a multifunctional protein. Its main function is to catalyze the synthesis of palmitate from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA, in the presence of NADPH, into long-chain saturated fatty acids. In some cancer cell lines, this protein has been found to be fused with estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha), in which the N-terminus of FAS is fused in-frame with the C-terminus of ER-alpha.
NCI

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kyseliny mastné

Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid; chemically R COOH where R is an aliphatic moiety; the common fatty acids of biological origin are linear chains with an even number of carbon atoms.
CSP

a major component of fats
CHV

A major component of fats that are used by the body for energy and tissue development.
NCI

Monobasic, aliphatic acids with varying chain lengths between 6 and 30. Fatty acids are a major constituent in all fats and can be either saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated. Saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids are synthesized by the body, whereas polyunsaturated fatty acids are not and must be obtained in the diet. (NCI)
NCI

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kyseliny mastné esenciální

Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.
MSH

long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet.
CSP

Used to indicate a fatty acid that is not efficiently synthesized by humans and must be included in the diet.
NCI

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kyseliny mastné mononenasycené

Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
MSH

A class of dietary fatty acids containing one double bond.
NCI

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kyseliny mastné neesterifikované

FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
MSH

fatty acids found in the plasma that are complexed with serum albumin for transport; these fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
CSP

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kyseliny mastné omega-3

A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
MSH

group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon; they are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
CSP

A type of fat obtained in the diet and involved in immunity.
NCI

A class of dietary fatty acids with the first double bond at the 3rd carbon from the methyl end.
NCI

Any fatty acid that contains an unsaturated bond originating from the 3rd carbon from the methyl end. Omega-3 fatty acids do not occur naturally with chain lengths shorter than 16 carbon units.
NCI

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nenasycené mastné kyseliny

FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
MSH

fatty acids in which the carbon chain contains one or more douple or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
CSP

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kyseliny mastné těkavé

Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
MSH

general term for fatty acids of intermediary metabolism, as opposed to structurally important lipids, arbitrarily defined as having less than 10 carbon atoms.
CSP

A class of dietary fatty acids that have an alkyl chain length from 2 up to 5 carbon atoms.
NCI

A class of dietary fatty acids containing 4 carbons.
NCI

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alkoholy mastné

Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
MSH

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ztučnělá játra

Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.
MSH

yellow discoloration of the liver due to fatty degeneration of liver parenchymal cells.
CSP

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alkoholická steatóza jater

Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.
MSH

lipid infiltration and fatty degeneration of liver parenchymal cells due to alcohol abuse; may be associated with alcohol hepatitis or cirrhosis.
CSP

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favismus

Hemolytic anemia due to the ingestion of fava beans or after inhalation of pollen from the Vicia fava plant by persons with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficient erythrocytes.
MSH

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strach

The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
MSH

unpleasant but normal emotional response to genuine external danger or threats; compare with ANXIETY and CLINICAL ANXIETY.
CSP

A feeling of apprehension that one may be in danger.
NCI

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studie proveditelnosti

Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
MSH

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GOROTZ INKONTINENTZIA

Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.
MSH

failure of control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus; it may be either psychogenic or organic in origin.
CSP

Inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum.
NCI

Bowel incontinence is the inability to control your bowels. When you feel the urge to have a bowel movement, you may not be able to hold it until you get to a toilet. More than 5.5 million Americans have bowel incontinence. It affects people of all ages – children and adults. It is more common in women and older adults, but it is not a normal part of aging.

Causes include

Treatments include changes in diet, medicines, bowel training, or surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inability to hold stool in the rectum.
NCI

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feces

Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
MSH

excrement from the intestines, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and microorganisms of the digestive system.
CSP

The material in a bowel movement. Feces is made up of undigested food, bacteria, mucus, and cells from the lining of the intestines.
NCI

Excretion in semisolid state processed by the intestine.
FMA

The material discharged from the bowel during defecation. It consists of undigested food, intestinal mucus, epithelial cells, and bacteria. (NCI)
NCI

feces
CHV

Excretion in semisolid state processed by the intestine.
UWDA

The material discharged from the bowel during defecation. It consists of undigested food, intestinal mucus, epithelial cells, and bacteria.
NCI

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feces – nahromadění

Formation of a firm impassable mass of stool in the RECTUM or distal COLON.
MSH

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federální vláda

The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
MSH

Relating to, concerned with, limited to, owned by, or in the interests of a particular nation.
NCI

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