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Severní Amerika

continent occupying the northern part of the Western Hemisphere, from the Arctic Ocean to Central America, and including the nations of Canada, the United States of America, and Mexico.
CSP

North America is a continent in the western hemisphere of Earth, bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean, the east by the Atlantic Ocean, the north by the Arctic Ocean, and connected at the south to South America by the Isthmus of Panama.
NCI

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North Carolina

A state in the mid-atlantic United States. Its capital is Raleigh.
NCI

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North Dakota

A state in the northern midwest United States. Its capital is Bismarck.
NCI

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Severní teritorium

Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
MSH

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Severozápadní teritoria

A federally administered division of Canada. Its capital is Yellowknife. The former northern and eastern-most parts of the Territory comprise the new territory of Nunavut, effective April 1, 1999.
MSH

A province in northwest Canada bordering Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east. Its capital is Yellowknife.
NCI

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severozápadní Spojené státy

The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
MSH

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nortriptylin

A metabolite of AMITRIPTYLINE that is also used as an antidepressive agent. Nortriptyline is used in major depression, dysthymia, and atypical depressions.
MSH

tricyclic antidepressant of the dibenzocycloheptadiene class used to treat symptoms of depression and to relieve chronic, severe pain.
CSP

A tricyclic antidepressant agent used for short-term treatment of various forms of depression. Nortriptyline blocks the norepinephrine presynaptic receptors, thereby blocking the reuptake of this neurotransmitter and raising the concentration in the synaptic cleft in the CNS. Nortriptyline also binds to alpha-adrenergic, histaminergic and cholinergic receptors. Long-term treatment with nortriptyline produces a downregulation of adrenergic receptors due to the increased stimulation of these receptors.
NCI

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virus Norwalk

The type species in the genus NOROVIRUS, first isolated in 1968 from the stools of school children in Norwalk, Ohio, who were suffering from GASTROENTERITIS. The virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein. Multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.
MSH

type species in the genus Norovirus; the virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein; multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.
CSP

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Norsko

A country in Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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noskapin

A naturally occurring opium alkaloid that is a centrally acting antitussive agent.
MSH

A phthalide isoquinoline non-narcotic alkaloid derived from the opium poppy Papaver somniferum, with mild analgesic, antitussive, and potential antineoplastic activities. Noscapine exerts its antitussive effects through the activation of sigma opioid receptors. This agent appears to exert its antimitotic effect by binding to tubulin, resulting in a disruption of microtubule assembly dynamics and subsequently, the inhibition of mitosis and tumor cell death.
NCI

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nos

A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
MSH

Subdivision of face which consists of the nasal skeleton, nasal septum and nasal cavity.
UWDA

By or having to do with the nose.
NCI

*Subdivision of face which consists of the nasal skeleton, nasal septum and nasal cavity.
FMA

A structure of special sense serving as an organ of the sense of smell and as an entrance to the respiratory tract. (NCI)
NCI

A structure of special sense serving as an organ of the sense of smell and as an entrance to the respiratory tract.
NCI

specialized structure that serves as an organ of the sense of smell as well as part of the respiratory system; the term includes the external structure, through the nasal cavity, sinuses and up to the nasopharynx.
CSP

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nos – deformity získané

Abnormalities of the nose acquired after birth from injury or disease.
MSH

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nos – nemoci

Disorders of the nose, general or unspecified.
MSH

Whether it`s large or small, button-like or beak-like, your nose is important to your health. It filters the air you breathe, removing dust, germs and irritants. It warms and moistens the air to keep your lungs and tubes that lead to them from drying out. Your nose also contains the nerve cells that help your sense of smell. When there is a problem with your nose, your whole body can suffer. For example, the stuffy nose of the common cold can make it hard for you to breathe, sleep or get comfortable.

Many problems besides the common cold can affect the nose. They include

  • Deviated septum – a shifting of the wall that divides the nasal cavity into halves
  • Nasal polyps – soft growths that develop on the lining of your nose or sinuses
  • Nosebleeds
  • Rhinitis – inflammation of the nose and sinuses sometimes caused by allergies. The main symptom is a runny nose


MEDLINEPLUS

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the nose, which includes disorders which extend from the external structure, through the nasal cavity, sinuses and up to the nasopharynx.
CSP

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nos – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the NOSE.
MSH

new abnormal nasal tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; includes neoplasm of the external structure, through the nasal cavity, sinuses and up to the nasopharynx.
CSP

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Encephalitozoon cuniculi

A species of parasitic FUNGI. This intracellular parasite is found in the BRAIN; HEART; and KIDNEYS of several MAMMALS. Transmission is probably by ingestion of the spores (SPORES, FUNGAL).
MSH

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léky universální

Medicines whose effectiveness is unproven and whose ingredients are often secret.
MSH

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chorda dorsalis

A cartilaginous rod of mesodermal cells at the dorsal midline of all CHORDATE embryos. In lower vertebrates, notochord is the backbone of support. In the higher vertebrates, notochord is a transient structure, and segments of the vertebral column will develop around it. Notochord is also a source of midline signals that pattern surrounding tissues including the NEURAL TUBE development.
MSH

The rod-shaped body, composed of cells derived from the mesoblast and defining the primitive axis of the embryo. In higher vertebrates it is replaced by the vertebral column. (MeSH)
NCI

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Notophthalmus viridescens

A species of newt in the Salamandridae family in which the larvae transform into terrestrial eft stage and later into an aquatic adult. They occur from Canada to southern United States. Viridescens refers to the greenish color often found in this species.
MSH

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Nova Scotia

A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)
MSH

A Canadian province located on Canada`s southeastern coast. Its capital is Halifax.
NCI

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novobiocin

An antibiotic compound derived from Streptomyces niveus. It has a chemical structure similar to coumarin. Novobiocin binds to DNA gyrase, and blocks adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p189)
MSH

antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces, effective chiefly against Staphylococcci and other gram-positive organisms.
CSP

An antibiotic drug used to treat infection.
NCI

An aminocoumarin antibiotic, produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces nivens, with antibacterial property. Novobiocin, as well as other aminocoumarin antibiotics, inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis by targeting at the bacteria DNA gyrase and the related enzyme DNA topoisomerase IV. This antibiotic was used to treat infections by gram-positive bacteria.
NCI

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noxy

Agents capable of exerting a harmful effect on the body.
MSH

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noxythiolin

Local antibacterial that probably acts by releasing formaldehyde in aqueous solutions. It is used for THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION of infected body cavities – bladder, peritoneum, etc. and as a spray for burns.
MSH

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jaderná energie

Energy released by nuclear fission or nuclear fusion.
MSH

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nukleární rodina

A family composed of spouses and their children.
MSH

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jaderné štěpení

Nuclear reaction in which the nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium or plutonium is split into two approximately equal parts by a neutron, charged particle, or photon.
MSH

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jaderná fúze

Thermonuclear reaction in which the nuclei of an element of low atomic weight unite under extremely high temperature and pressure to form a nucleus of a heavier atom.
MSH

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nukleární magnetická rezonance

A physical phenomenon involving the interaction of atomic nuclei placed in an external magnetic field with an applied electromagnetic field oscillating at a particular frequency. Magnetic conditions within the material are measured by monitoring the radiation absorbed and emitted by the atomic nuclei. It is the underlying principle of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
NCI

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jaderná matrix

The residual framework structure of the CELL NUCLEUS that maintains many of the overall architectural features of the cell nucleus including the nuclear lamina with NUCLEAR PORE complex structures, residual CELL NUCLEOLI and an extensive fibrogranular structure in the nuclear interior. (Advan. Enzyme Regul. 2002; 42:39-52)
MSH

network of proteinaceous structural elements in the nucleus, comparable to the cytoskeleton of the cytoplasm, responsible for large- scale translocations such as chromosome movement, spliceosome and mRNA transport, etc.
CSP

The dense fibrillar network lying on the inner side of the nuclear membrane. [ISBN:0582227089]
GO

A fibrogranular network of residual structural elements within which are immersed both chromatin and ribonucleoproteins. It appears to extend throughout the nuclear interior from the nucleolus to the nuclear pore complexes along the nuclear periphery.
NCI

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nukleární lékařství

A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.
MSH

special field of radiology dealing with diagnostic, therapeutic and investigative use of radioisotopes and radioactive compounds.
CSP

Nuclear Medicine is the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials either to image a patient`s body or to destroy diseased cells.
NCI

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nukleární lékařství – oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department responsible for the administration and management of nuclear medicine services.
MSH

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