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Ferula

A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. It contains pungent oils and resins. It is used to flavor curries, as a carminative, and as cat and dog repellent. The occasionally used common name of `giant fennel` should not be confused with true fennel (FOENICULUM).
MSH

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fetální alkoholický syndrom

A condition occurring in FETUS or NEWBORN due to in utero ETHANOL exposure when mother consumed alcohol during PREGNANCY. It is characterized by a cluster of irreversible BIRTH DEFECTS including abnormalities in physical, mental, and behavior development (such as FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; MENTAL RETARDATION; ATTENTION DEFICIT AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR DISORDERS) with varied degree of severity in an individual.
MSH

disorder occurring in children born to alcoholic women who continue to drink heavily during pregnancy; common abnormalities are growth deficiency (prenatal and postnatal), altered morphogenesis, mental deficiency, and characteristic facies – small eyes and flattened nasal bridge; fine motor dysfunction and tremulousness are observed in the newborn.
CSP

If you are pregnant and drink alcohol, so does your baby. This can hurt your baby`s growth and cause life-long physical and behavioral problems. One of the most severe effects of drinking during pregnancy is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS is a group of problems that can include

  • Mental retardation
  • Birth defects
  • Abnormal facial features
  • Growth problems
  • Problems with the central nervous system
  • Trouble remembering and/or learning
  • Vision or hearing problems
  • Behavior problems

FAS lasts for a lifetime. There is no cure. Special school services can help with learning problems. Routines and consistency at home may help with behavior problems. Women can prevent FAS and other problems related to alcohol use by not drinking when they are pregnant or might get pregnant.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A syndrome that can develop in infants whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Manifestations of this syndrome include low birth weight, failure to thrive, developmental defects, organ dysfunction, mental deficiencies, behavioral problems and poor motor coordination.
NCI

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fetální krev

Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
MSH

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fétus – odumření

Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
MSH

Death in utero; failure of the product of conception to show evidence of respiration, heart beat, or definite movement of a voluntary muscle after expulsion from the uterus, with no possibility of resuscitation.
NCI

A disorder characterized by death in utero; failure of the product of conception to show evidence of respiration, heartbeat, or definite movement of a voluntary muscle after expulsion from the uterus, without possibility of resuscitation.
NCI

Death in utero; failure of the product of conception to show evidence of respiration, heart beat, or definite movement of a voluntary muscle after expulsion from the uterus, with no possibility of resuscitation.
NCI

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fétus – vývoj

Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
MSH

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fétus – nemoci

Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
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fétus – distres

A nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) indicating that the FETUS is compromised (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1988). It can be identified by sub-optimal values in FETAL HEART RATE; oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD; and other parameters.
MSH

Symptoms indicative of a state of duress to a fetus while in utero.
NCI

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globuliny fetální

Specialized proteins that are preferentially expressed during FETAL DEVELOPMENT.
MSH

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fétus – růstová retardace

The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
MSH

abnormal fetal physical growth or growth potential at any gestational stage.
CSP

Inhibition of fetal growth resulting in the inability of the fetus to achieve its potential size.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inhibition of fetal growth resulting in the inability of the fetus to achieve its potential weight.
NCI

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fetální srdce

The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.
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fetální hemoglobin

The major component of hemoglobin in the fetus. This HEMOGLOBIN has two alpha and two gamma polypeptide subunits in comparison to normal adult hemoglobin, which has two alpha and two beta polypeptide subunits. Fetal hemoglobin concentrations can be elevated (usually above 0.5%) in children and adults affected by LEUKEMIA and several types of ANEMIA.
MSH

fetal hemoglobin; major component of hemoglobin in the fetus; it has two alpha and two gamma polypeptide subunits in comparison to normal adult hemoglobin, which has two alpha and two beta polypeptide subunits.
CSP

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fétus – makrozomie

A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
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plodové obaly

Extra-embryonic tissues that contain the FETUS during PREGNANCY. They provide the support to accommodate FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Depending on the species, their structure and complexity vary greatly in the different forms of PLACENTA. These membranes undergo rupture during PARTURITION.
MSH

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plodové obaly – předčasné protržení

Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
MSH

The condition when a patient who is beyond 37 weeks gestation presents with rupture of membranes prior to the onset of labor. Rupture of membranes is diagnosed by speculum vaginal examination of the cervix and vaginal cavity, which will show pooling of fluid in the vagina or leakage of fluid from the cervix. Preterm PROM (known as PPROM) refers to a patient who has not yet reached 37 weeks gestation and presents with rupture of membranes.
NCI

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fétus – monitorování

Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
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fétus – pohyb

Physical activity of the FETUS in utero. Gross or fine fetal body movement can be monitored by the mother, PALPATION, or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
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fétus – zralost orgánů

Functional competence of specific organs or body systems of the FETUS in utero.
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fetální proteiny

Proteins that are preferentially expressed or upregulated during FETAL DEVELOPMENT.
MSH

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fétus – resorpce

The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).
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fétus – terapie

Prenatal interventions to correct fetal anomalies or treat FETAL DISEASES in utero. Fetal therapies include several major areas, such as open surgery; FETOSCOPY; pharmacological therapy; INTRAUTERINE TRANSFUSION; STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and GENE THERAPY.
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fétus – životaschopnost

The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.
MSH

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fetišismus (psychiatrický)

A condition in which inanimate objects are utilized as a preferred or exclusive method of stimulating erotic arousal.
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving the use of nonliving objects such as women`s wearing apparel (the “fetish”).
NCI

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fétofetální transfúze

Passage of blood from one fetus to another via an arteriovenous communication or other shunt, in a monozygotic twin pregnancy. It results in anemia in one twin and polycythemia in the other. (Lee et al., Wintrobe`s Clinical Hematology, 9th ed, p737-8)
MSH

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fétomaternální transfúze

Transplacental passage of fetal blood into the circulation of the maternal organism. (Dorland, 27th ed)
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fetoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the fetus and amniotic cavity through abdominal or uterine entry.
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fétus

The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
MSH

The developing offspring from 7 to 8 weeks after conception until birth.
NCI

Fetal structure, which is a developmental form of a vertebrate animal at any given time point from 8 weeks of gestation to birth (or hatching). Examples: There is only one fetus.
FMA

An unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature being.
NCI

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SUKARRA

Fever: a documented body temperature higher than 38 degrees C., or 100.4 degrees F.
AIR

An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
MSH

abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
CSP

A fever is a body temperature that is higher than normal. It is not an illness. It is part of your body`s defense against infection. Most bacteria and viruses that cause infections do well at the body`s normal temperature (98.6 F). A slight fever can make it harder for them to survive. Fever also activates your body`s immune system.

Infections cause most fevers. There can be many other causes, including

  • Medicines
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Cancers
  • Autoimmune diseases

Treatment depends on the cause of your fever. Your health care provider may recommend using over-the-counter medicines such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to lower a very high fever. Adults can also take aspirin, but children with fevers should not take aspirin. It is also important to drink enough liquids to prevent dehydration.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by elevation of the body`s temperature above the upper limit of normal.
NCI

An increase in body temperature above normal (98.6 degrees F), usually caused by disease.
NCI

The elevation of the body`s temperature above the upper limit of normal, usually taken as 37.7 degrees C.
NCI

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horečka neznámého původu

Fever in which the etiology cannot be ascertained.
MSH

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vláknová optika – technologie

branch of science concerned with optic fibers, which are transparent thin fibers, as small as a human hair, used for the transmission of light; optic fibers can be used as a medium for telecommunication and computer networking; may be made of plastic or glass.
CSP

The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.
MSH

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interferon beta

One of the type I interferons produced by fibroblasts in response to stimulation by live or inactivated virus or by double-stranded RNA. It is a cytokine with antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunomodulating activity.
MSH

major interferon produced by double stranded RNA induced fibroblast cultures; the primary producer cells are fibroblasts, epithelial cells and macrophages, and the major activity is antiviral.
CSP

A class of interferon elaborated by fibroblasts.
NCI

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