Additional pages

p-chloramfetamin

Chlorinated analog of AMPHETAMINE. Potent neurotoxin that causes release and eventually depletion of serotonin in the CNS. It is used as a research tool.
MSH

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fenklonin

A selective and irreversible inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of serotonin (5-HYDROXYTRYPTAMINE). Fenclonine acts pharmacologically to deplete endogenous levels of serotonin.
MSH

selective and irreversible inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of serotonin; acts pharmacologically to deplete endogenous levels of serotonin.
CSP

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p-fluorfenylalanin

3-(p-Fluorophenyl)-alanine.
MSH

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p-hydroxyamfetamin

Amphetamine metabolite with sympathomimetic effects. It is sometimes called alpha-methyltyramine, which may also refer to the meta isomer, gepefrine.
MSH

An indirect-acting sympathomimetic amine with adrenergic property. Hydroxyamphetamine, when applied topically to the eye, stimulates the release of norepinephrine from postganglionic adrenergic nerves resulting in the stimulation of both alpha and beta adrenergic receptors. Local alpha stimulatory effects include dilation of the pupil, increased flow of aqueous humor, and vasoconstriction; whereas beta stimulatory effects include relaxation of the ciliary muscle and a decreased production in aqueous humor.
NCI

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p-hydroxynorefedrin

Parahydroxy analog of phenylpropanolamine with properties as a sympathomimetic.
MSH

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kardiostimulátor

A device designed to stimulate, by electric impulses, contraction of the heart muscles. It may be temporary (external) or permanent (internal or internal-external).
MSH

An electronic device that is implanted in the body to monitor heart rate and rhythm. It gives the heart electrical stimulation when it does not beat normally. It runs on batteries and has long, thin wires that connect it to the heart.
NCI

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Tichomořské ostrovy

The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
MSH

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dudlíky

Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.
MSH

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corpuscula lamellosa

Rapidly adapting mechanoreceptors found in subcutaneous tissue beneath both hairy and glabrous skin. Pacinian corpuscles contain an afferent nerve fiber surrounded by a capsule with multiple concentric layers. They have large receptive fields and are most sensitive to high-frequency stimuli, such as vibration.
MSH

A specialized bulblike nerve ending located in the subcutaneous tissue of the skin; occurs abundantly in the skin of palms and soles and joints and genitals.
NCI

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paktamycin

Antibiotic produced by Streptomyces pactum used as an antineoplastic agent. It is also used as a tool in biochemistry because it inhibits certain steps in protein synthesis.
MSH

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Paecilomyces

A mitosporic fungal genus occasionally causing human diseases such as pulmonary infections, mycotic keratitis, endocarditis, and opportunistic infections. Its teleomorph is BYSSOCHLAMYS.
MSH

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Pagetova nemoc prsu

An intraductal carcinoma of the breast extending to involve the nipple and areola, characterized clinically by eczema-like inflammatory skin changes and histologically by infiltration of the dermis by malignant cells (Paget`s cells). (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

carcinoma of the breast extending to involve the nipple and areola, characterized clinically by eczema-like inflammatory skin changes and histologically by infiltration of the dermis by malignant cells.
CSP

A malignant neoplasm in which there is infiltration of the skin overlying the breast by neoplastic large cells with abundant pale cytoplasm and large nuclei with prominent nucleoli (Paget cells). It is almost always associated with an intraductal or invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. The clinical features include focal skin reddening, and eczema. Retraction of the nipple may sometimes occur.
NCI

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Pagetova nemoc extramamární

A malignant neoplasm in which there is infiltration of the skin by neoplastic large cells with abundant pale cytoplasm and large nuclei with prominent nucleoli (Paget cells). It may affect the anus, penis, scrotum, and vulva.
NCI

A rare cutaneous neoplasm that occurs in the elderly. It develops more frequently in women and predominantly involves apocrine gland-bearing areas, especially the vulva, scrotum, and perianal areas. The lesions develop as erythematous scaly patches that progress to crusted, pruritic, erythematous plaques. The clinical differential diagnosis includes squamous cell carcinoma in situ and superficial fungal infection. It is generally thought to be an adenocarcinoma of the epidermis, from which it extends into the contiguous epithelium of hair follicles and eccrine sweat ducts. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1478)
MSH

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inhibitor 1 aktivátorů plasminogenu

A member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.
MSH

Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (402 aa, ~45 kDa) is encoded by the human SERPINE1 gene. This protein plays a role in both cell adhesion and the modulation of plasmin activity.
NCI

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inhibitor 2 aktivátorů plasminogenu

Member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.
MSH

Plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 (415 aa, ~47 kDa) is encoded by the human SERPINB2 gene. This protein plays a role in the modulation of both plasmin activation and apoptosis.
NCI

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bolest

An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
MSH

unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli and generally received by specialized nerve endings.
CSP

Pain is a feeling triggered in the nervous system. Pain may be sharp or dull. It may come and go, or it may be constant. You may feel pain in one area of your body, such as your back, abdomen or chest or you may feel pain all over, such as when your muscles ache from the flu.

Pain can be helpful in diagnosing a problem. Without pain, you might seriously hurt yourself without knowing it, or you might not realize you have a medical problem that needs treatment. Once you take care of the problem, pain usually goes away. However, sometimes pain goes on for weeks, months or even years. This is called chronic pain. Sometimes chronic pain is due to an ongoing cause, such as cancer or arthritis. Sometimes the cause is unknown.

Fortunately, there are many ways to treat pain. Treatment varies depending on the cause of pain. Pain relievers, acupuncture and sometimes surgery are helpful.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the sensation of marked discomfort, distress or agony.
NCI

The sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony, resulting from the stimulation of specialized nerve endings.
NCI

Causing physical or psychological misery, pain or distress.
NCI

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Bolest v končetině

Painful sensation in the upper or lower extremities.
NCI

A disorder characterized by marked discomfort sensation in the upper or lower extremities.
NCI

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bolest – měření

Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
MSH

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

The evaluation of pain complaints. Measurements should be objective on the part of the practitioner, based on subjective information from the patient. Measurements may also be indirect, by such assessments as respiratory rate and effort, withdrawal, guarding, or other appropriate assessment techniques.
NCI

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nesnesitelná bolest

Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.
MSH

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pooperační bolest

Pain during the period after surgery.
MSH

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párová vazba

In animals, the social relationship established between a male and female for reproduction. It may include raising of young.
MSH

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párové asociační učení

Learning in which the subject must respond with one word or syllable when presented with another word or syllable.
MSH

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Pákistán

A country in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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patro – expanzní technika

An orthodontic method used for correcting narrow or collapsed maxillary arches and functional cross-bite. (From Jablonski`s Dictionary of Dentistry),
MSH

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patrové svaly

The muscles of the palate are the glossopalatine, palatoglossus, levator palati(ni), musculus uvulae, palatopharyngeus, and tensor palati(ni).
MSH

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patro – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the PALATE, including those of the hard palate, soft palate and UVULA.
MSH

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patro – obturátory

Appliances that close a cleft or fissure of the palate.
MSH

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patro měkké

A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.
MSH

The back, muscular (not bony) part of the roof of the mouth.
NCI

A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. (MeSH)
NCI

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paleodontologie

The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
MSH

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paleografie

The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing. It includes the deciphering of manuscripts and other forms to determine their date, provenance, etc. (Webster`s 1st ed)
MSH

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