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Papillonova-Lefevreova nemoc

Rare, autosomal recessive disorder occurring between the first and fifth years of life. It is characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma with periodontitis followed by the premature shedding of both deciduous and permanent teeth. Mutations in the gene for CATHEPSIN C have been associated with this disease.
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the cathepsin C gene. It is manifested with periodontitis resulting in the premature loss of teeth and palmoplantar keratoderma.
NCI

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Papio

A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of five named species: PAPIO URSINUS (chacma baboon), PAPIO CYNOCEPHALUS (yellow baboon), PAPIO PAPIO (western baboon), PAPIO ANUBIS (or olive baboon), and PAPIO HAMADRYAS (hamadryas baboon). Members of the Papio genus inhabit open woodland, savannahs, grassland, and rocky hill country. Some authors consider MANDRILLUS a subgenus of Papio.
MSH

large terrestrial monkey found in Africa and Arabia; has long doglike muzzle, large cheek pouches, and a short tail.
CSP

A large terrestrial monkey found in Africa and Arabia, it is the largest non-hominid member of the primate order. This primate has a long dog-like muzzles, close-set eyes, heavy powerful jaws, thick fur, a short tail and often brightly colored ischial callosities.
NCI

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horečka pappataci

Influenza-like febrile viral disease caused by several members of the BUNYAVIRIDAE family and transmitted mostly by the bloodsucking sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii.
MSH

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Papua – Nová Guinea

originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.
CSP

A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D`Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.
MSH

A country in Southeastern Asia, comprising a group of islands and including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, comprising a group of islands and including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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paraaortální tělíska

Small masses of chromaffin cells found near the SYMPATHETIC GANGLIA along the ABDOMINAL AORTA, beginning cranial to the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) or renal arteries and extending to the level of the aortic bifurcation or just beyond. They are also called the organs of Zuckerkandl and sometimes called aortic bodies (not to be confused with AORTIC BODIES in the THORAX). The para-aortic bodies are the dominant source of CATECHOLAMINES in the FETUS and normally regress after BIRTH.
MSH

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virus parainfluenzy 1 lidský

A species of RESPIROVIRUS also called hemadsorption virus 2 (HA2), which causes laryngotracheitis in humans, especially children.
MSH

A single-stranded, negative-sense RNA virus of the paramyxovirus group that causes croup in children.
NCI

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virus parainfluenzy 2 lidský

A species of RUBULAVIRUS associated particularly with acute laryngotracheitis (CROUP) in children aged 6 months to 3 years.
MSH

virus isolated from patients with acute laryngotracheobronchitis; causes febrile respiratory illness.
CSP

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virus parainfluenzy 3 lidský

A species of RESPIROVIRUS frequently isolated from small children with pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
MSH

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Parainfluenza virus

Any of several paramyxoviruses (genus Respirovirus and Rubulavirus) that are a frequent cause of infections of the lower respiratory tract.
NCI

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parabeny

Methyl, propyl, butyl, and ethyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. They have been approved by the FDA as antimicrobial agents for foods and pharmaceuticals. (From Hawley`s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed, p872)
MSH

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parabióza

The experimental joining of two individuals for the purpose of studying the effects of one on the other.
MSH

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Paracoccidioides

A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
MSH

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parakokcidioidomykóza

A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.
MSH

A systemic fungal infection caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis that is most often seen in immunocompromised patients. It affects the mucous membranes, lymph nodes, lungs and bones.
NCI

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Paracoccus

Gram-negative non-motile bacteria found in soil or brines.
MSH

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Paracoccus denitrificans

A species of bacteria isolated from soil.
MSH

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parafin

A mixture of solid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It has a wide range of uses including as a stiffening agent in ointments, as a lubricant, and as a topical anti-inflammatory. It is also commonly used as an embedding material in histology.
MSH

A common name for a group of high molecular weight alkane hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2, where n is between 22 and 27. Paraffin is also a technical name for an alkane in general, but in most cases it refers specifically to a linear, or normal alkane. It is mostly found as a white, odorless, tasteless, waxy solid, with a melting point between 47C and 65C. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. Paraffin is unaffected by most common chemical reagents but oxidizes readily.
NCI

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paraganglia chromafinní

Small bodies containing chromaffin cells occurring outside of the adrenal medulla, most commonly near the sympathetic ganglia and in organs such as the kidney, liver, heart and gonads.
MSH

collection of chromaffin cells derived from the migration of sympathetic ganglion cells; the cells are arranged in clumps and cords in various sites of peritoneum and can secrete epinephrine.
CSP

A cluster of chromaffin cells derived from the neuroectoderm and located adjacent to the adrenal gland, nerves, and blood vessels.
NCI

A collection of cells that came from embryonic nervous tissue, and are found near the adrenal glands and some blood vessels and nerves. Most paraganglia secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine.
NCI

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paraganglia nechromafinní

Several clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells associated with blood vessels and nerves (especially the glossopharyngeal and vagus). The nonchromaffin paraganglia sense pH, carbon dioxide, and oxygen concentrations in the blood and participate in respiratory, and perhaps circulatory, control. They include the CAROTID BODY; AORTIC BODIES; the GLOMUS JUGULARE; and the GLOMUS TYMPANICUM.
MSH

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paragangliom

A neural crest tumor usually derived from the chromoreceptor tissue of a paraganglion, such as the carotid body, or medulla of the adrenal gland (usually called a chromaffinoma or pheochromocytoma). It is more common in women than in men. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from paraganglia located along the sympathetic or parasympathetic nerves. Infrequently, it may arise outside the usual distribution of the sympathetic and parasympathetic paraganglia. Tumors arising from the adrenal gland medulla are called pheochromocytomas. Morphologically, paragangliomas usually display a nesting (Zellballen) growth pattern. There are no reliable morphologic criteria to distinguish between benign and malignant paragangliomas. The only definitive indicator of malignancy is the presence of regional or distant metastases.
NCI

A rare, usually benign tumor that develops from cells of the paraganglia. Paraganglia are a collection of cells that came from embryonic nervous tissue, and are found near the adrenal glands and some blood vessels and nerves. Paragangliomas that develop in the adrenal gland are called pheochromocytomas. Those that develop outside of the adrenal glands near blood vessels or nerves are called glomus tumors or chemodectomas.
NCI

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paragangliom nechromafinní

A relatively rare, usually benign neoplasm originating in the chemoreceptor tissue of the CAROTID BODY; GLOMUS JUGULARE; GLOMUS TYMPANICUM; AORTIC BODIES; and the female genital tract. It consists histologically of rounded or ovoid hyperchromatic cells that tend to be grouped in an alveolus-like pattern within a scant to moderate amount of fibrous stroma and a few large thin-walled vascular channels. (From Stedman, 27th ed)
MSH

A benign or malignant paraganglioma arising from sympathetic or parasympathetic paraganglia outside the adrenal gland.
NCI

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paragonimiáza

Infection with TREMATODA of the genus PARAGONIMUS.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by trematodes of the Paragonimus genus. Humans are infected from ingestion of raw or undercooked food. It results in chronic lung infection and eosinophilia.
NCI

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Paragonimus

A genus of lung flukes of the family Troglotrematidae infecting humans and animals. This genus consists of several species one of which is PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI, a common lung fluke in humans.
MSH

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Paragonimus westermani

A species of lung fluke infecting humans and other animals, and found chiefly in Asia and the Far East.
MSH

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Paraguay

A country in Central South America, northeast of Argentina. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central South America, northeast of Argentina. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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papoušci – malé druhy

Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.
MSH

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parakeratóza

Persistence of the nuclei of the keratinocytes into the stratum corneum of the skin. This is a normal state only in the epithelium of true mucous membranes in the mouth and vagina. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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paraldehyd

A hypnotic and sedative with anticonvulsant effects. However, because of the hazards associated with its administration, its tendency to react with plastic, and the risks associated with its deterioration, it has largely been superseded by other agents. It is still occasionally used to control status epilepticus resistant to conventional treatment. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p608-9)
MSH

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bulbární obrna progresivní

A motor neuron disease marked by progressive weakness of the muscles innervated by cranial nerves of the lower brain stem. Clinical manifestations include dysarthria, dysphagia, facial weakness, tongue weakness, and fasciculations of the tongue and facial muscles. The adult form of the disease is marked initially by bulbar weakness which progresses to involve motor neurons throughout the neuroaxis. Eventually this condition may become indistinguishable from AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS. Fazio-Londe syndrome is an inherited form of this illness which occurs in children and young adults. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1091; Brain 1992 Dec;115(Pt 6):1889-1900)
MSH

A progressive motor neuron disorder affecting the muscles which are innervated by cranial nerves of the lower brain stem. Signs and symptoms include difficulties in chewing and swallowing, dysarthria, and weakness of the facial muscles and tongue.
NCI

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paralýzy familiární periodické

A heterogenous group of inherited disorders characterized by recurring attacks of rapidly progressive flaccid paralysis or myotonia. These conditions have in common a mutation of the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the sodium channel in skeletal muscle. They are frequently associated with fluctuations in serum potassium levels. Periodic paralysis may also occur as a non-familial process secondary to THYROTOXICOSIS and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1481)
MSH

heterogenous group of inherited disorders characterized by recurring attacks of rapidly progressive flaccid paralysis or myotonia; these conditions have in common a mutation of the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the sodium channel in skeletal muscle; frequently associated with fluctuations in serum potassium levels; periodic paralysis may also occur as a non-familial process secondary to thyrotoxicosis and other conditions.
CSP

A group of genetic neurological disorders caused by mutations in genes involved in the sodium and calcium channels in nerve cells. It is characterized by episodes of muscle paralysis in which the affected muscles become flaccid and the deep tendon reflexes disappear. Between the episodes the affected muscles usually work normally.
NCI

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paralýza porodní

Paralysis of an infant resulting from injury received at birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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