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práva pacientů

Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital`s posting of a list of patient rights.
MSH

As a patient, you have certain rights. Some are guaranteed by federal law, such as the right to get a copy of your medical records, and the right to keep them private. Many states have additional laws protecting patients, and healthcare facilities often have a patient bill of rights.

An important patient right is informed consent. This means that if you need a treatment, your health care provider should give you the information you need to make a decision.

Many hospitals have patient advocates who can help you if you have problems. Many states have an ombudsman office for problems with long term care. Your state`s department of health may also be able to help.


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pokoje pro pacienty

Rooms occupied by one or more individuals during a stay in a health facility. The concept includes aspects of environment, design, care, or economics.
MSH

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vzory – vizuální rozpoznávání

Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
MSH

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patulin

4-Hydroxy-4H-furo(3,2-c)pyran-2(6H)-one. A mycotoxin produced by several species of Aspergillus and Penicillium. It is found in unfermented apple and grape juice and field crops. It has antibiotic properties and has been shown to be carcinogenic and mutagenic and causes chromosome damage in biological systems.
MSH

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Peace Corps

It was established in 1961 and made an independent agency in 1981. Its mission is to help the people of interested countries in meeting their need for trained men and women, and to help promote better mutual understanding between Americans and citizens of other countries. (United States Government Manual, 2006-2007, pg497)
MSH

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exspirační průtoková rychlost – vrchol

Measurement of the maximum rate of airflow attained during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are PEFR and PFR.
MSH

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Arachis hypogaea

A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.
MSH

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hrách

A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster`s New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)
MSH

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rašelina

Decomposing SPHAGNUM.
MSH

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pektiny

High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
MSH

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Pectobacterium

A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE consisting of species that profusely produce pectinolytic enzymes in plant pathogenesis.
MSH

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prsní svaly

The pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles that make up the upper and fore part of the chest in front of the AXILLA.
MSH

Muscles of the upper chest. The term may refer to one of two muscles, the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor. The former is a thick muscle in the anterior portion of the chest. Its action involves flexion, medial rotation, and adduction of the humerus. The latter is a thin muscle located beneath the pectoralis major. Its action involves lowering the scapula and raising the ribs.
NCI

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asistenti pediatrů

Persons academically trained to provide medical care, under the supervision of a physician, to infants and children.
MSH

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pediatrické ošetřovatelství

The nursing care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.
MSH

nursing care of children from birth through adolescence.
CSP

The nursing care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.
NCI

Nursing the ill pediatric and adolescent patient
NCI

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pediatrie

A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
MSH

medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth through adolescence.
CSP

The branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children.
NCI

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zavšivení

Parasitic attack or subsistence on the skin by members of the order Phthiraptera, especially on humans by Pediculus humanus of the family Pediculidae. The hair of the head, eyelashes, and pubis is a frequent site of infestation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

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Pediculosis capitis

Head lice are parasitic wingless insects. They live on people`s heads and feed on their blood. An adult is called a louse and is about the size of a sesame seed. The eggs, called nits, are even smaller – almost like a dandruff flake. Lice and nits are easiest to detect at the neckline and behind the ears.

Head lice are extremely contagious. Close contact or sharing personal belongings, such as hats or hairbrushes, puts people at risk. Children ages 3-11 and their families get head lice most often. Personal hygiene has nothing to do with getting head lice.

Symptoms are

  • Tickling feeling in the hair
  • Frequent itching
  • Sores from scratching

The most important step in treating head lice is to treat the person and other family members with medicine to kill the lice.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


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Pediculus

Lice of the genus Pediculus, family Pediculidae. Pediculus humanus corporus is the human body louse and Pediculus humanus capitis is the human head louse.
MSH

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rodokmen

The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
MSH

A diagram that shows relationships among family members. In medicine, a pedigree may also show the pattern of certain genes or diseases within a family.
NCI

A record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a specific condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
NCI

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Pediococcus

A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria whose growth is dependent on the presence of a fermentable carbohydrate. No endospores are produced. Its organisms are found in fermenting plant products and are nonpathogenic to plants and animals, including humans.
MSH

A genus of Gram positive, cocci shaped, lactic acid bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes and the family Lactobacillaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Pediococcus genus level.
NCI

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zubní lékařství dětské

The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
MSH

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pedofilie

A sexual disorder occurring in a person 16 years or older and that is recurrent with intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child (generally age 13 or younger). (from APA, DSM-IV, 1994).
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child or children.
NCI

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vyrovnaná skupina

Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
MSH

group composed of associates of approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank, occupation or social status.
CSP

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posudkové řízení

An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
MSH

The process by which original articles and grants written by researchers are evaluated for technical and scientific quality and correctness by other experts in the same field.
NCI

A scholarly process that subjects an author`s work or ideas to the scrutiny of one or more others who are experts in the field. These referees each return an evaluation of the work, including suggestions for improvement. Evaluations usually include an explicit recommendation of what to do with the manuscript or proposal. A chief rationale for peer review is that rarely is just one person, or one closely working group, able to spot every mistake or weakness in a complicated piece of work. This is not necessarily because these deficiencies represent needles in a haystack, but because in a new and creative and perhaps eclectic intellectual product, any one of these opportunities for improvement may stand out only to someone with a particular expertise and/or history of experience. Therefore showing a work to various others increases the probability that the weakness will be identified and fixed.
NCI

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pefloxacin

A synthetic broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent active against most gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.
MSH

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Pelgerova-Huetova anomálie

Autosomal dominant anomaly characterized by abnormal ovoid shape GRANULOCYTE nuclei and their clumping chromatin. Mutations in the LAMIN B receptor gene that results in reduced protein levels are associated with the disorder. Heterozygote individuals are healthy with normal granulocyte function while homozygote individuals occasionally have skeletal anomalies, developmental delay, and seizures.
MSH

An autosomal dominant inherited condition caused by mutations in the lamin B receptor gene. It is characterized by defects in the neutrophil lobulation, resulting in the presence of dumbbell-shaped neutrophils with bilobed nuclei in the peripheral blood smear.
NCI

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peliosis hepatis

A vascular disease of the LIVER characterized by the occurrence of multiple blood-filled CYSTS or cavities. The cysts are lined with ENDOTHELIAL CELLS; the cavities lined with hepatic parenchymal cells (HEPATOCYTES). Peliosis hepatis has been associated with use of anabolic steroids (ANABOLIC AGENTS) and certain drugs.
MSH

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pelagra

A disease due to deficiency of NIACIN, a B-complex vitamin, or its precursor TRYPTOPHAN. It is characterized by scaly DERMATITIS which is often associated with DIARRHEA and DEMENTIA (the three D`s).
MSH

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pánevní kosti

ring of bone forming the skeleton of the pelvis, supporting the vertebral column and resting upon the inferior members, composed of the two hip bones, the sacrum, and the coccyx.
CSP

The caudal portion of the trunk, bounded anteriorly and laterally by the two hip bones incorporating the socket portion of the hip joint for each leg. Posteriorly it is bounded by the sacrum and coccyx. (NCI)
NCI

The caudal portion of the trunk, bounded anteriorly and laterally by the two hip bones incorporating the socket portion of the hip joint for each leg. Posteriorly it is bounded by the sacrum and coccyx.
NCI

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pánev – exenterace

Removal of all of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis. It is usually performed to surgically remove cancer involving the bladder, uterine cervix, or rectum. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A major surgical procedure involving the removal of all the contents of the pelvic cavity, including reproductive organs, bladder, rectum, and anus. It is performed for cancers of the pelvic cavity organs that have not responded to other treatment options.
NCI

Surgery to remove the lower colon, rectum, and bladder, and create stomata (openings) through which urine and stool are passed out of the body. In women, the cervix, vagina, ovaries, and nearby lymph nodes are also removed.
NCI

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