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parfém

A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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perfúze

artificial pumping of a fluid through a tissue or organ via blood vessels, especially to supply drugs or nutrients; for the concept of pumping of one`s own blood through artificial means use EXTRACORPOREAL CIRCULATION.
CSP

Bathing an organ or tissue with a fluid. In regional perfusion, a specific area of the body (usually an arm or a leg) receives high doses of anticancer drugs through a blood vessel. Such a procedure is performed to treat cancer that has not spread.
NCI

The injection of fluid into a blood vessel
CHV

The process of flooding fluid through the artery to saturate the surrounding tissue. In regional perfusion, a specific area of the body (usually an arm or a leg) is targeted and high doses of anticancer drugs are flooded through the artery to reach the surrounding tissue and kill as many cancer cells as possible. Such a procedure is performed in cases where the cancer is not thought to have spread past a localized area.
NCI

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In situ perfusion

extracorporeal circuit with temporary exclusion of the area from the general circulation during which high concentrations of drug are perfused to the isolated part; can be used in cancer therapy.
CSP

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pergolid

A long-acting dopamine agonist which has been used to treat PARKINSON DISEASE and HYPERPROLACTINEMIA but withdrawn from some markets due to potential for HEART VALVE DISEASES.
MSH

long-acting dopamine agonist used in the treatment of Parkinson`s disease and hyperprolactinemia; also observed to have antihypertensive effects.
CSP

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Pergolide Mesylate

A semi-synthetic ergot derivative and a dopamine agonist with antiparkinson property. Pergolide mesylate binds to and activates dopamine receptor subtypes D1 and D2, resulting in prolactin secretion inhibition, transient increase in serum concentration of growth hormone, and decrease in serum concentration of luteinizing hormone. Direct stimulation of postsynaptic dopamine receptors in the nigrostriatal system, may account for this agent`s antiparkinson activity.
NCI

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perhexilin

2-(2,2-Dicyclohexylethyl)piperidine. Coronary vasodilator used especially for angina of effort. It may cause neuropathy and hepatitis.
MSH

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perianální žlázy

A large apocrine gland located in the area surrounding the anal orifice.
NCI

A gland located in the area around the anus.
NCI

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periapikální absces

Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
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periapikální nemoci

Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.
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periapikální granulom

Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation of periapical tissue resulting from irritation following pulp disease or endodontic treatment.
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periapikální periodontitida

Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
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periapikální tkáň

Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.
MSH

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polyarteritis nodosa

A form of necrotizing non-granulomatous inflammation occurring primarily in medium-sized ARTERIES, often with microaneurysms. It is characterized by muscle, joint, and abdominal pain resulting from arterial infarction and scarring in affected organs. Polyarteritis nodosa with lung involvement is called CHURG-STRAUSS SYNDROME.
MSH

form of necrotizing vasculitis involving small- and medium-sized arteries; signs and symptoms result from infarction and scarring of the affected organ system.
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periartritida

Inflammation of the tissues around a joint. (Dorland, 27th ed)
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perikardiální efúze

Fluid accumulation within the PERICARDIUM. Serous effusions are associated with pericardial diseases. Hemopericardium is associated with trauma. Lipid-containing effusion (chylopericardium) results from leakage of THORACIC DUCT. Severe cases can lead to CARDIAC TAMPONADE.
MSH

An abnormal collection of fluid inside the sac that covers the heart.
NCI

A disorder characterized by fluid collection within the pericardial sac, usually due to inflammation.
NCI

Fluid collection within the pericardial sac, usually due to inflammation.
NCI

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perikardiální okénko – techniky

Surgical construction of an opening or window in the pericardium. It is often called subxiphoid pericardial window technique.
MSH

A procedure in which an opening is made in the pericardium.
NCI

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perikardektomie

Surgical excision (total or partial) of a portion of the pericardium. Pericardiotomy refers to incision of the pericardium.
MSH

Surgical removal of all or part of the pericardium.
NCI

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perikarditida

Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drug-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.
MSH

A disorder characterized by irritation to the layers of the pericardium (the protective sac around the heart).
NCI

An inflammatory process affecting the pericardium.
NCI

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perikarditida konstriktivní

Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM that is characterized by the fibrous scarring and adhesion of both serous layers, the VISCERAL PERICARDIUM and the PARIETAL PERICARDIUM leading to the loss of pericardial cavity. The thickened pericardium severely restricts cardiac filling. Clinical signs include FATIGUE, muscle wasting, and WEIGHT LOSS.
MSH

A heart disorder in which the pericardial sac becomes thickened and fibrotic, tightening the myocardium and impeding the normal myocardial function.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a thickened and fibrotic pericardial sac; these fibrotic changes impede normal myocardial function by restricting myocardial muscle action.
NCI

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perikarditida tuberkulózní

INFLAMMATION of the sac surrounding the heart (PERICARDIUM) due to MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS infection. Pericarditis can lead to swelling (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION), compression of the heart (CARDIAC TAMPONADE), and preventing normal beating of the heart.
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perikard

A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs, the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.
MSH

Serous sac that surrounds the heart. Examples: There is only one pericardial sac.
UWDA

membranous sac that envelops the heart and the roots of the great vessels.
CSP

Serous sac, which has as parts the serous pericardium and the pericardial cavity . Examples: There is only one pericardial sac.
FMA

Organ cluster which has as its parts the fibrous pericardium and the pericardial sac.
FMA

A conical membranous sac filled with serous fluid in which the heart as well as the roots of the aorta and other large blood vessels are contained. (NCI)
NCI

membrane sac surrounding the heart muscle
CHV

A conical membranous sac filled with serous fluid in which the heart as well as the roots of the aorta and other large blood vessels are contained.
NCI

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perikoronitida

Inflammation of the gingiva surrounding the crown of a tooth.
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perilymfa

The fluid separating the membranous labyrinth from the osseous labyrinth of the ear. It is entirely separate from the ENDOLYMPH which is contained in the membranous labyrinth. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1396, 642)
MSH

Transudate contained in the osseous labyrinth outside the membranous labyrinth.
UWDA

fluid separating the membranous labyrinth from the osseous labyrinth of the ear.
CSP

Transudate contained in the osseous labyrinth outside the membranous labyrinth.
FMA

The bodily fluid that fills the space between the bony labyrinth and the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear.
NCI

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perimetrie

determination of the extent of the visual field for various types and intensities of stimuli.
CSP

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perinatální mortalita

Deaths occurring from the 28th week of GESTATION to the 7th day after birth.
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perinatologie

The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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perinefritida

Inflammation of the connective and adipose tissues surrounding the KIDNEY.
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perineum

The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.
MSH

Subdivision of trunk, which is demarcated from the pelvis by the inferior surface of the pelvic diaphragm and from the lower limbs by the perineofemoral lines; together with the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis, it constitutes the trunk. Examples: There is only one perineum.
UWDA

Subdivision of trunk proper, which is demarcated from the pelvis by the inferior surface of the pelvic diaphragm and from the lower limbs by the perineofemoral lines; together with the thorax, and abdomen, it constitutes the trunk proper. Examples: There is only one perineum.
FMA

The area located between the anus and vulva in females, and anus and scrotum in males. (NCI)
NCI

The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS
CHV

The area located between the anus and vulva in females, and anus and scrotum in males.
NCI

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kyselina jodistá-Schiffova reakce

A histochemical technique for staining carbohydrates. It is based on PERIODIC ACID oxidation of a substance containing adjacent hydroxyl groups. The resulting aldehydes react with Schiff reagent to form a colored product.
MSH

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kyselina jodistá

A strong oxidizing agent.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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