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familiární středozemská horečka

A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.
MSH

A usually autosomal recessive inherited inflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. It is characterized by recurrent painful inflammatory attacks in the abdomen, joints, and chest. The inflammatory attacks are associated with fever.
NCI

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periodika

Publications intended to be issued on an ongoing basis, generally more frequently than annually, containing separate articles, stories, or writings.
MSH

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periodicita

The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
MSH

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parodontální absces

Localized circumscribed purulent area of inflammation in the periodontal tissue. It is a derivative of marginal periodontitis and commonly associated with suprabony and infrabony pockets and interradicular involvements, in contrast to periapical abscess which is attributable to pulp necrosis.
MSH

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parodontální cysta

An epithelium-lined sac containing fluid; usually found at the apex of a pulp-involved tooth. The lateral type occurs less frequently along the side of the root.
MSH

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parodont – nemoci

Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth.
CSP

An inflammatory process of the gingival tissues and/or periodontal membrane of the teeth, resulting in an abnormally deep gingival sulcus, possibly producing periodontal pockets and loss of alveolar bone support.
NCI

A disorder in the gingival tissue around the teeth.
NCI

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parodontologické ošetření

Surgical dressings, after periodontal surgery, applied to the necks of teeth and the adjacent tissue to cover and protect the surgical wound. (Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p218)
MSH

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parodontální index

A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
MSH

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periodontální vaz

The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
MSH

Skeletal ligament (organ) that connects a tooth to the maxilla or mandible.
FMA

The fibrous connective tissue surrounding the root of a tooth that separates it from and attaches it to the alveolar bone.
NCI

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parodontální chobot

An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.
MSH

An abnormal deepening of a gingival sulcus associated with destruction of the supporting periodontal tissue.
NCI

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parodontální protézy

Any restorative and replacement device that is used as a therapeutic aid in the treatment of periodontal disease. It is an adjunct to other forms of periodontal therapy and does not cure periodontal disease by itself. (Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 3d ed)
MSH

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parodontologie

A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.
MSH

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parodontitida

Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)
MSH

inflammatory reaction of the tissues surrounding a tooth (periodontium), usually resulting from the extension of gingival inflammation into the periodontium.
CSP

a disease that attacks the gum and bone around the teeth
CHV

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parodont

The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
MSH

tissues surrounding a tooth.
CSP

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agresivní parodontitida

Inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is characterized by rapid attachment loss and bone destruction in the presence of little local factors such as DENTAL PLAQUE and DENTAL CALCULUS. This highly destructive form of periodontitis often occurs in young people and was called early-onset periodontitis, but this disease also appears in old people.
MSH

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periost

fibrous membrane enveloping bones except at joints and the points of tendonous and ligamentous attachment.
CSP

The outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains connective tissue, capillaries, nerves, and a number of types of cell, including osteoclasts. The periosteum plays an important role in bone repair and growth.
NCI

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periostitida

Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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periferní nervový systém – nemoci

Diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the brain and spinal cord, which includes diseases of the nerve roots, ganglia, plexi, autonomic nerves, sensory nerves, and motor nerves.
MSH

A nerve problem that causes pain, numbness, tingling, swelling, or muscle weakness in different parts of the body. It usually begins in the hands or feet and gets worse over time. Neuropathy may be caused by physical injury, infection, toxic substances, disease (such as cancer, diabetes, kidney failure, or malnutrition), or drugs, including anticancer drugs.
NCI

diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the brain and spinal cord, which includes diseases of the nerve roots, ganglia, plexi, autonomic nerves, sensory nerves, and motor nerves.
CSP

Your peripheral nerves are the ones outside your brain and spinal cord. Like static on a telephone line, peripheral nerve disorders distort or interrupt the messages between the brain and the rest of the body.

There are more than 100 kinds of peripheral nerve disorders. They can affect one nerve or many nerves. Some are the result of other diseases, like diabetic nerve problems. Others, like Guillain-Barre syndrome, happen after a virus infection. Still others are from nerve compression, like carpal tunnel syndrome or thoracic outlet syndrome. In some cases, like complex regional pain syndrome, the problem begins after an injury. Some people are born with peripheral nerve disorders.

Symptoms often start gradually, and then get worse. They include

  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • Burning or tingling
  • Muscle weakness
  • Sensitivity to touch

Treatment aims to treat any underlying problem, reduce pain and control symptoms.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


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periferní nervový systém – nádory

Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1)
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from a peripheral nerve or the perineural sheaths.
NCI

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periferní nervy

Subdivision of peripheral nervous system which is a tree whose trunk is a branch of a somatic nerve plexus (cervical, brachial or lumbosacral); it has shared parts with the somatic nerves that contribute to its parent plexus. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
UWDA

The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.
MSH

Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the neuraxis. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
FMA

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors. (NCI)
NCI

Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors.
NCI

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periflebitida

Periphlebitis is inflammation of the outer coat of a vein or of tissues surrounding the vein.
MSH

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Periplaneta

A genus in the family Blattidae containing several species, the most common being P. americana, the American cockroach.
MSH

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periplazmatické vazebné proteiny

Periplasmic proteins that scavenge or sense diverse nutrients. In the bacterial environment they usually couple to transporters or chemotaxis receptors on the inner bacterial membrane.
MSH

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Perissodactyla

An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

The taxonomic order of mammals that includes odd-toed ungulates such as horses, zebras, tapirs, and rhinoceroses.
NCI

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peristaltika

A movement, caused by sequential muscle contraction, that pushes the contents of the intestines or other tubular organs in one direction.
MSH

A wavelike sequence of involuntary muscular contraction and relaxation that passes along a tubelike structure, such as the intestine, impelling the contents onwards. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

The rippling motion of muscles in the intestine or other tubular organs characterized by the alternate contraction and relaxation of the muscles that propel the contents onward.
NCI

A series of coordinated, rhythmic muscle contractions that occur throughout the length of the gastrointestinal tract and in the ureters. The body utilizes alternating muscles that contract and relax to move fluids and solids from one cavity to another.
NCI

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peritoneální dialýza

Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
MSH

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peritoneální dialýza kontinuální ambulantní

portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.
CSP

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peritoneum – nemoci

Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.
MSH

Your peritoneum is the tissue that lines your abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in your abdomen. A liquid, peritoneal fluid, lubricates the surface of this tissue.

Disorders of the peritoneum are not common. They include

  • Peritonitis – an inflammation of the peritoneum
  • Cancer
  • Complications from peritoneal dialysis

Treatment of peritoneal disorders depends on the cause.


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peritoneální výplach

Washing out of the peritoneal cavity. The procedure is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic technique following abdominal trauma or inflammation.
MSH

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peritoneální nádory

Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.
MSH

new abnormal tissue of the peritoneum that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

Abnormal growth of cells in the peritoneum
NCI

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