Additional pages

flebografie

Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
MSH

A procedure in which an x-ray of the veins is taken after a special dye is injected into the bone marrow or veins.
NCI

A type of X-ray in which contrast medium is injected into a vein to show the details of its structure and any associated abnormalities.
NCI

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Phlebotomus

A genus of PSYCHODIDAE which functions as the vector of a number of pathogenic organisms, including LEISHMANIA DONOVANI; LEISHMANIA TROPICA; Bartonella bacilliformis, and the Pappataci fever virus (SANDFLY FEVER NAPLES VIRUS).
MSH

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phlegmasia alba dolens

Inflammation that is characterized by swollen, pale, and painful limb. It is usually caused by DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS in a FEMORAL VEIN, following PARTURITION or an illness. This condition is also called milk leg or white leg.
MSH

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flegmona

Purulent inflammation of the cellular or areolar tissue.
NCI

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fleomyciny

Water-soluble, copper-containing low molecular weight polypeptides obtained from the culture medium of Streptomyces verticillus. They are specific inhibitors of DNA synthesis in bacteria and have been found to act as antitumor agents. They have also been used against rust fungi of plants.
MSH

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floretinglukosidasa

The enzyme hydrolyzing glycosyl-N-acylsphingosine to a sugar and N-acylsphingosine. It also catalyzes the hydrolysis of phlorizin to phloretin and glucose. It is found in the intestinal brush border membrane often in conjunction with lactase. EC 3.2.1.62.
MSH

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floroglucinol

1,3,5-Benzenetriol. A trinitrobenzene derivative with antispasmodic properties that is used primarily as a laboratory reagent.
MSH

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floxin B

A red fluorescein dye used as a histologic stain. It may be cytotoxic, mutagenic, and inhibit certain mitochondrial functions.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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Sociální fobie

An anxiety disorder characterized by an intense, irrational fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the individual believes that he or she will be scrutinized by others. Exposure to social situations immediately provokes an anxiety response. In adults, the social phobia is recognized as excessive or unreasonable.
NCI

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Phodopus

A genus of hamsters characterized by small size, very short tail, and short, broad feet with hairy soles.
MSH

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fonace

The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.
MSH

The process of producing vocal sounds by vibration of the vocal cords during an expiration of air.
NCI

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fonetika

The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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fonokardiografie

Graphic registration of the heart sounds picked up as vibrations and transformed by a piezoelectric crystal microphone into a varying electrical output according to the stresses imposed by the sound waves. The electrical output is amplified by a stethograph amplifier and recorded by a device incorporated into the electrocardiograph or by a multichannel recording machine.
MSH

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fonoforéza

Use of ultrasound to increase the percutaneous adsorption of drugs.
MSH

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forat

A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.
MSH

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forbol-12,13-dibutyrát

A phorbol ester found in CROTON OIL which, in addition to being a potent skin tumor promoter, is also an effective activator of calcium-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C). Due to its activation of this enzyme, phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate profoundly affects many different biological systems.
MSH

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forbolové estery

Tumor-promoting compounds obtained from CROTON OIL (Croton tiglium). Some of these are used in cell biological experiments as activators of protein kinase C.
MSH

Polycyclic compound isolated from croton oil in which two hydroxyl groups on neighboring carbon atoms are esterified to fatty acids. The commonest of these derivatives is phorbol myristoyl acetate (PMA). Potent co carcinogens or tumor promotors, they are diacyl glycerol analogs and activate protein kinase C irreversibly. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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forboly

The parent alcohol of the tumor promoting compounds from CROTON OIL (Croton tiglium).
MSH

phorbol esters such as PMA and TPA are widely used as experimental tumor promotors; they act by directly stimulating protein kinase C, bypassing its normal calcium-based integration with other cellular processes.
CSP

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fosgen

A highly toxic gas that has been used as a chemical warfare agent. It is an insidious poison as it is not irritating immediately, even when fatal concentrations are inhaled. (From The Merck Index, 11th ed, p7304)
MSH

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fosmet

An organothiophosphorus insecticide that has been used to control pig mange.
MSH

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fosfamidon

An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.
MSH

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fosfátacetyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of acetylphosphate from acetyl-CoA and inorganic phosphate. Acetylphosphate serves as a high-energy phosphate compound. EC 2.3.1.8.
MSH

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fosfáty

Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
MSH

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fosfatidátfosfatasa

A phosphomonoesterase involved in the synthesis of triacylglycerols. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidates with the formation of diacylglycerols and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.4.
MSH

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Phosphatidic Acid

Simplest form of dietary phospholipid consisting of glycerol bound to two fatty acids and a phosphate group.
NCI

A glycerol backbone covalently bound to a phosphate group in one position, and fatty acids in the 2nd and 3rd positions. Phosphatidic acids thus have a polar head and apolar tails, and occur in cell membranes throughout nature.
NCI

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kyseliny fosfatidové

Fatty acid derivatives of glycerophosphates. They are composed of glycerol bound in ester linkage with 1 mole of phosphoric acid at the terminal 3-hydroxyl group and with 2 moles of fatty acids at the other two hydroxyl groups.
MSH

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lecitiny

A complex mixture of PHOSPHOLIPIDS; GLYCOLIPIDS; and TRIGLYCERIDES; with substantial amounts of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES; PHOSPHATIDYLETHANOLAMINES; and PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS, which are sometimes loosely termed as 1,2-diacyl-3-phosphocholines. Lecithin is a component of the CELL MEMBRANE and commercially extracted from SOYBEANS and EGG YOLK. The emulsifying and surfactant properties are useful in FOOD ADDITIVES and for forming organogels (GELS).
MSH

Dietary phospholipid containing choline.
NCI

A phospholipid with a polar choline found in phosphoester linkage to diacylglycerol.
NCI

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fosfatidylethanolaminy

Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to an ethanolamine moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and ethanolamine and 2 moles of fatty acids.
MSH

derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to an ethanolamine moiety.
CSP

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fosfatidylglyceroly

A nitrogen-free class of lipids present in animal and particularly plant tissues and composed of one mole of glycerol and 1 or 2 moles of phosphatidic acid. Members of this group differ from one another in the nature of the fatty acids released on hydrolysis.
MSH

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fosfatidylinositoly

Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to the hexahydroxy alcohol, myo-inositol. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid, myo-inositol, and 2 moles of fatty acids.
MSH

derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to the hexahydroxy alcohol, myoinositol.
CSP

A phosphatidic acid combined with inositol found in biomembranes and a precursor to certain cellular signals. Sometimes referred to as inositide. It is a very important minor phospholipid in eukaryotes, involved in signal transduction processes. Contains myo inositol linked through the 1 hydroxyl group to phosphatidic acid. The 4 phosphate (PIP) and 4, 5 bisphosphate derivatives PIP2) are formed and broken down in membranes by the action of specific kinases and phosphatases (futile cycles). Signal sensitive phospholipase C enzymes remove the inositol moiety, in particular from 1,4,5 trisphosphate (PIP2) as inositol 1,4,5 triphosphate (Ins P3: IP3). Both the diacyl glycerol and products act as second messengers. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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