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pneumonie rickettsiální

Pneumonia caused by infection with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
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pneumonie stafylokoková

Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
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pneumonie virová

Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.
MSH

pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs) caused by a virus.
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pneumolýza

Division of the tissues attaching the lung to the wall of the chest cavity, to permit collapse of the lung. It was formerly used to treat tuberculosis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
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pneumoperikardium

Presence of air or gas in the space between the heart and the PERICARDIUM. The degree of respiratory distress depends on the amount of trapped air and circulation blocked in the systemic and pulmonary veins.
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pneumoperitoneum

A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.
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pneumoperitoneum umělé

Deliberate introduction of air into the peritoneal cavity.
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pneumoradiografie

Radiography using air, oxygen, or some other gas as a contrast medium.
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pneumotorax

An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process, or be introduced deliberately ( = PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL). (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process.
CSP

A disorder characterized by abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung.
NCI

Abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung.
NCI

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pneumotorax umělý

Injection of air or a more slowly absorbed gas such as nitrogen, into the pleural space to collapse the lung. It was formerly used to treat pulmonary tuberculosis. (From Stedman, 26th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
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podiatrie

A specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders and injuries and anatomic defects of the foot.
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podofylin

Caustic extract from the roots of Podophyllum peltatum and P. emodi. It contains PODOPHYLLOTOXIN and its congeners and is very irritating to mucous membranes and skin. Podophyllin is a violent purgative that may cause CNS damage and teratogenesis. It is used as a paint for warts, skin neoplasms, and senile keratoses.
MSH

caustic extract from the roots of Podophyllum species; it contains podophyllotoxin and its congeners and is very irritating to mucous membranes and skin; it is a violent purgative that may cause CNS damage and teratogenesis; used as a paint for warts, skin neoplasms, and senile keratoses.
CSP

A resin extracted from the root of the plant Podophyllum sp. Berberidaceae (mandrake), which contains numerous compounds, among which podophyllotoxin is the principal active component. Podophyllin arrests mitosis in metaphase. Podophyllotoxin offers advantages over podophyllin in terms of purity, stability and lack of systemic toxicity. (NCI04)
NCI

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podofylotoxin

A lignan (LIGNANS) found in PODOPHYLLIN resin from the roots of PODOPHYLLUM plants. It is a potent spindle poison, toxic if taken internally, and has been used as a cathartic. It is very irritating to skin and mucous membranes, has keratolytic actions, has been used to treat warts and keratoses, and may have antineoplastic properties, as do some of its congeners and derivatives.
MSH

A pure, stabilized form of podophyllin, in which only the biologically active portion of the compound is present. Podophyllotoxin is a toxic, polycyclic antimitotic agent isolated primarily from the rhizome of the plant Podophyllum peltatum. This agent is formulated for topical applications. (NCI04)
NCI

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Podophyllum

A genus of poisonous American herbs, family BERBERIDACEAE. The roots yield PODOPHYLLOTOXIN and other pharmacologically important agents. The plant was formerly used as a cholagogue and cathartic. It is different from the European mandrake, MANDRAGORA.
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Poecilia

A genus of livebearing cyprinodont fish comprising the guppy and molly. Some species are virtually all female and depend on sperm from other species to stimulate egg development. Poecilia is used in carcinogenicity studies as well as neurologic and physiologic research.
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poezie

Works that consist of literary and oral genre expressing meaning via symbolism and following formal or informal patterns.
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Rothmundův-Thomsonův syndrom

A rare inherited disorder that affects the skin and many other parts of the body, including the bones, eyes, nose, hair, nails, teeth, testes, and ovaries. People with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome have an increased risk of osteosarcoma (bone cancer).
NCI

An autosomal recessive inherited syndrome usually caused by mutations in the RECQL4 gene. It is characterized by poikilodermatous skin changes, sparse hair, cataracts, small stature, skeletal abnormalities, and an increased predisposition to cancer, particularly osteosarcoma.
NCI

An autosomal recessive syndrome occurring principally in females, characterized by the presence of reticulated, atrophic, hyperpigmented, telangiectatic cutaneous plaques, often accompanied by juvenile cataracts, saddle nose, congenital bone defects, disturbances in the growth of HAIR; NAILS; and TEETH; and HYPOGONADISM.
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toxikologická centra

Facilities which provide information concerning poisons and treatment of poisoning in emergencies.
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dermatitida ze škumpy

An allergic contact dermatitis caused by exposure to plants of the genus Toxicodendron (formerly Rhus). These include poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac, all plants that contain the substance urushiol, a potent skin sensitizing agent. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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otrava

A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.
MSH

condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection or inhalation of, or exposure to a deleterious agent.
CSP

A poison is any substance that is harmful to your body. You might swallow it, inhale it, inject it or absorb it through your skin. Poisons can include

  • Prescription or over-the-counter medicines taken in doses that are too high
  • Overdoses of illegal drugs
  • Carbon monoxide from gas appliances
  • Household products, such as laundry powder or furniture polish
  • Pesticides
  • Indoor or outdoor plants
  • Metals such as lead and mercury

The dangers of poisoning range from short-term illness to brain damage, coma and death. To prevent poisoning it is important to use and store products exactly as their labels say. Keep dangerous products where children can`t get to them. Treatment for poisoning depends on the type of poison. If you suspect someone has been poisoned, call your local poison control center right away.


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Poisoning aspects

Used with drugs, chemicals, and industrial materials for human or animal poisoning, acute or chronic, whether the poisoning is accidental, occupational, suicidal, by medication error, or by environmental exposure.
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jedy

Substances which, when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed, or when applied to, injected into, or developed within the body in relatively small amounts may, by their chemical action, cause damage to structure or disturbance of function. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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Poissonovo rozdělení

A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.
MSH

A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space. This special probability distribution can apply to the number of discrete independent random events occurring in a given interval when knowing their average rate of occurrence over a very long interval. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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mitogeny líčidla amerického

Proteins isolated from the roots of the pokeweed, Phytolacca americana, that agglutinate some erythrocytes, stimulate mitosis and antibody synthesis in lymphocytes, and induce activation of plasma cells.
MSH

A group of proteins isolated from the roots of pokeweed, Phytolacca americana, with hemagglutinating and mitogenic properties. Pokeweed mitogen is particularly mitogenic for lymphocytes and also agglutinates erythrocytes.
NCI

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Polsko

A country in Central Europe, east of Germany. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central Europe, east of Germany. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Polandův syndrom

A syndrome which is characterized by symbrachydactyly and aplasia of the sternal head of pectoralis major.
MSH

A rare developmental disorder characterized by underdevelopment or absence of the pectoralis muscle in one side of the chest, usually associated with ipsilateral cutaneous syndactyly, and ipsilateral breast and nipple hypoplasia.
NCI

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polarografie

An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.
MSH

electroanalytic technique in which the current through an electrolysis cell is measured as a function of the applied potential.
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řízení společenských procesů

Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.
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politika – provádění

The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
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poliomyelitida

An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)
MSH

acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus; infection is usually limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic; the central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse fasciculation and hyporeflexia; motor neurons are primarily affected and encephalitis may also occur; replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord.
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