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dvojchroman draselný

Chromic acid (H2Cr2O7), dipotassium salt. A compound having bright orange-red crystals and used in dyeing, staining, tanning leather, as bleach, oxidizer, depolarizer for dry cells, etc. Medically it has been used externally as an astringent, antiseptic, and caustic. When taken internally, it is a corrosive poison.
MSH

An orange to red colored, crystalline, inorganic compound that emits toxic chromium fumes upon heating. Potassium dichromate is highly corrosive and is a strong oxidizing agent. This substance is used in wood preservatives, in the manufacture of pigments and in photomechanical processes, but is mainly replaced by sodium dichromate. Potassium dichromate primarily affects the respiratory tract causing ulcerations, shortness of breath, bronchitis, pneumonia and asthma but can also affect the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys and immune system. This substance is a known human carcinogen and is associated with an increased risk of developing lung cancer and cancer of the sinonasal cavity. (NCI05)
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jodid draselný

An inorganic compound that is used as a source of iodine in thyrotoxic crisis and in the preparation of thyrotoxic patients for thyroidectomy. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A metal halide composed of potassium and iodide with thyroid protecting and expectorant properties. Potassium iodide can block absorption of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland through flooding the thyroid with non-radioactive iodine and preventing intake of radioactive molecules, thereby protecting the thyroid from cancer causing radiation. In addition, this agent acts as an expectorant by increasing secretion of respiratory fluids resulting in decreased mucus viscosity.
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draslík – isotopy

Stable potassium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element potassium, but differ in atomic weight. K-41 is a stable potassium isotope.
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aspartát hořečnatodraselný

An intra-extracellular electrolyte exchange agent with a variety of effects.
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manganistan draselný

Permanganic acid (HMnO4), potassium salt. A highly oxidative, water-soluble compound with purple crystals, and a sweet taste. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Information, 4th ed)
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draslík – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of potassium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. K atoms with atomic weights 37, 38, 40, and 42-45 are radioactive potassium isotopes.
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potenciometrie

Solution titration in which the end point is read from the electrode-potential variations with the concentrations of potential determining ions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

use of a potentiometer, which is a resistor having a continuously adjustable sliding contact, to measure electromotive forces, and the application of such measurements.
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drůbež

Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
MSH

Domesticated fowl grown for their meat and eggs. (EPA Terminology Reference System)
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drůbež – nemoci

Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.
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drůbež – výrobky

Food products manufactured from poultry.
MSH

food products from poultry.
CSP

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chudoba

A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
MSH

A subjective and comparative term describing a lack of sufficient wealth (usually understood as capital, money, material goods, or resources especially natural resources) to live what is understood in a society as a “normal” life: for instance, to be capable of raising a healthy family, and especially educating children and participating in society. A person living in this condition of poverty is said to be poor. The meaning of “sufficient” varies widely across the different political and economic areas of the world.
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chudé oblasti

City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
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povidon

A polyvinyl polymer of variable molecular weight; used as suspending and dispersing agent and vehicle for pharmaceuticals; also used as blood volume expander.
MSH

synthetic polymer principally consisting of linear 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone groups; used as a dispersing and suspending agent and in pharmaceutical preparations.
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povidon-jod

An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.
MSH

An iodophor solution containing a water-soluble complex of iodine and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) with broad microbicidal activity. Free iodine, slowly liberated from the polyvinylpyrrolidone iodine (PVPI) complex in solution, kills eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells through iodination of lipids and oxidation of cytoplasmic and membrane compounds. This agent exhibits a broad range of microbicidal activity against bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. Slow release of iodine from the PVPI complex in solution minimizes iodine toxicity towards mammalian cells.
NCI

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prášky, zásypy, pudry

Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

An intimate mixture of dry, finely divided drugs and/or chemicals that may be intended for internal or external use. (NCI)
NCI

A solid composed of a mixture of dry, finely divided active and/or inert ingredient(s).
NCI

An intimate mixture of dry, finely divided drugs and/or chemicals that may be intended for internal or external use.


HL7V3.0

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moc (psychologie)

The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings–administrative, social, academic, etc.
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elektrárny

Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
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elektrická energie – zdroje

Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.
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Poxviridae

family of dsDNA viruses; replication occurs in the cytoplasm with inclusion bodies; natural host range is narrow; transmission is by several routes including airborne, fomites, direct contact and mechanically by arthropods.
CSP

A family of double-stranded DNA viruses infecting mammals (including humans), birds and insects. There are two subfamilies: CHORDOPOXVIRINAE, poxviruses of vertebrates, and ENTOMOPOXVIRINAE, poxviruses of insects.
MSH

A family of double-stranded DNA viruses infecting mammals, birds and insects. Contains two subfamilies: chordopoxvirinae, poxviruses of vertebrates, and entopoxvirinae, poxviruses of insects.
NCI

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Poxviridae – infekce

virus diseases caused by the Poxviridae; includes diseases such as smallpox, variola, yaba, molluscum contagiosum, monkeypox, cowpox, lumpy skin disease, infectious myxomatosis, infectious ectromelia, mousepox, etc.
CSP

Virus diseases caused by the POXVIRIDAE.
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praxe (psychologie)

Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.
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řízení stomatologické praxe

The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
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řízení lékařské praxe

The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician`s practice.
MSH

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praktolol

A beta-1 adrenergic antagonist that has been used in the emergency treatment of CARDIAC ARRYTHMIAS.
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Praderové-Williho syndrom

An autosomal dominant disorder caused by deletion of the proximal long arm of the paternal chromosome 15 (15q11-q13) or by inheritance of both of the pair of chromosomes 15 from the mother (UNIPARENTAL DISOMY) which are imprinted (GENETIC IMPRINTING) and hence silenced. Clinical manifestations include MENTAL RETARDATION; MUSCULAR HYPOTONIA; HYPERPHAGIA; OBESITY; short stature; HYPOGONADISM; STRABISMUS; and HYPERSOMNOLENCE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p229)
MSH

congenital neurobehavioral disorder characterized by rounded face, low forehead, almond shaped eyes, squinting, hypogonadism, hypotonia, insatiable appetite leading to obesity, and mental retardation; chromosomal disorder usually associated with a deletion of the proximal portion of the long arm of chromosome 15.
CSP

Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is an uncommon genetic disorder. It causes poor muscle tone, low levels of sex hormones and a constant feeling of hunger. The part of the brain that controls feelings of fullness or hunger does not work properly in people with PWS. They overeat, leading to obesity.

Babies with PWS are usually floppy, with poor muscle tone, and have trouble sucking. Boys may have undescended testicles. Later, other signs appear. These include

  • Short stature
  • Poor motor skills
  • Weight gain
  • Underdeveloped sex organs
  • Mild mental retardation and learning disabilities

There is no cure for PWS. Growth hormone and exercise can help build muscle mass and control weight.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A genetic syndrome caused by deletions or disruptions of chromosome 15. It is characterized by reduced fetal activity, mental retardation, hypotonia, short stature, and hypogonadism.
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prajmalin

A derivative of the rauwolfia alkaloid AJMALINE. It is an anti-arrhythmia agent, but may cause liver damage.
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pralidoximové sloučeniny

Various salts of a quaternary ammonium oxime that reconstitute inactivated acetylcholinesterase, especially at the neuromuscular junction, and may cause neuromuscular blockade. They are used as antidotes to organophosphorus poisoning as chlorides, iodides, methanesulfonates (mesylates), or other salts.
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praseodym

Praseodymium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Pr, atomic number 59, and atomic weight 140.91.
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prazepam

A benzodiazepine that is used in the treatment of ANXIETY DISORDERS.
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praziquantel

An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.
MSH

A pyrazinoisoquinoline derivative with anthelminthic property. Praziquantel increases the permeability of the tegument of susceptible worms, resulting in an influx and increase in intra-tegumental calcium leading to rapid contractions and paralysis of the worm`s musculature through a subsequent increase in levels of calcium in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In addition, vacuolization of the tegumental syncytium and blebbing results in tegument disintegration, leads to antigen exposure and elicit host defense responses to the worm. The result is the formation of granulomas and phagocytosis.
NCI

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