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pseudobulbární obrna

A syndrome characterized by DYSARTHRIA, dysphagia, dysphonia, impairment of voluntary movements of tongue and facial muscles, and emotional lability. This condition is caused by diseases that affect the motor fibers that travel from the cerebral cortex to the lower BRAIN STEM (i.e., corticobulbar tracts); including MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; and CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
MSH

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pseudocholinesterasa

An aspect of cholinesterases.
MSH

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pseudoefedrin

A phenethylamine and a diastereomer of ephedrine with sympathomimetic property. Pseudoephedrine displaces norepinephrine from storage vesicles in presynaptic neurones, thereby releasing norepinephrine into the neuronal synapses where it stimulates primarily alpha-adrenergic receptors. It also has weak direct agonist activity at alpha- and beta- adrenergic receptors. Receptor stimulation results in vasoconstriction and decreases nasal and sinus congestion.
NCI

A phenethylamine that is an isomer of EPHEDRINE which has less central nervous system effects and usage is mainly for respiratory tract decongestion.
MSH

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pseudogeny

Genes bearing close resemblance to known genes at different loci, but rendered non-functional by additions or deletions in structure that prevent normal transcription or translation. When lacking introns and containing a poly-A segment near the downstream end (as a result of reverse copying from processed nuclear RNA into double-stranded DNA), they are called processed genes.
MSH

inactive but stable components of the genome derived from mutations of ancestral genes; probably account for a significant amount of the so-called “junk DNA” that comprises most of the genome of eukaryotes.
CSP

Nonfunctional DNA sequences that are very similar to the sequences of known genes. Many seem to have arisen as functional gene duplications that subsequently underwent mutation and loss of function. Others are structurally similar to mRNA and seem to have arisen by a reverse transcription event followed by integration into the genome. Some pseudogenes are transcribed and may play a role in regulation of its homologous gene.
NCI

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pseudodna

presence of calcium salts, especially calcium pyrophosphate, in the cartilaginous structures of one or more joints, accompanied by attacks of goutlike symptoms.
CSP

An acute episode of pain, swelling, and redness, sometimes associated with fever. It is caused by the deposition of calcium pyrophosphate crystals in the joints.
NCI

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pseudohermafroditismus

condition in which the gonads are of one sex but one or more contradictions exist in the morphologic criteria of sex; female pseudohermaphroditism is a form in which the affected individual is a genetic and gonadal female with partial masculinization; male pseudohermaphroditism is a form in which the affected individual is a genetic and gonadal male with incomplete masculinization.
CSP

An historical term for a variety of abnormalities in sex development that lead to anomalies in the reproductive tract and/or external genitalia.
MSH

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pseudohypoaldosteronismus

A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by renal electrolyte transport dysfunctions. Congenital forms are rare autosomal disorders characterized by neonatal hypertension, HYPERKALEMIA, increased RENIN activity and ALDOSTERONE concentration. The Type I features HYPERKALEMIA with sodium wasting; Type II, HYPERKALEMIA without sodium wasting. Pseudohypoaldosteronism can be the result of a defective renal electrolyte transport protein or acquired after KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
MSH

An inherited or acquired disorder of electrolyte metabolism, characterized by the inability of the renal tubules to respond to aldosterone. It is manifested by hyperkalemic metabolic acidosis, urinary salt wasting, normal or increased aldosterone secretion and normal glomerular filtration rate.
NCI

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pseudohypoparatyreoidismus

A hereditary condition clinically resembling HYPOPARATHYROIDISM, but caused by failure of response to rather than deficiency of parathyroid hormones. It is characterized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia, and is commonly associated with short stature, obesity, short metacarpals, and ectopic calcification. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

hereditary condition clinically resembling hypoparathyroidism, but caused by failure of response to rather than deficiency of parathyroid hormones; characterized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia, and commonly associated with short stature, obesity, short metacarpals, and ectopic calcification.
CSP

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Pseudomonadaceae

family of gram negative bacteria usually found in soil or water and including many plant pathogens and a few animal pathogens.
CSP

A family of gram-negative bacteria usually found in soil or water and including many plant pathogens and a few animal pathogens.
MSH

A taxonomic family of Gram negative, generally motile bacterium in the phylum Proteobacteria that includes the genera Pseudomonas and Rhizobacter, among others.
NCI

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Pseudomonas

genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature; some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
MSH

A genus of gram-negative, motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

A genus of aerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacterium in the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Pseudomonadaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Pseudomonas genus level.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Chryseomonas genus level.
NCI

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa

species of gram negative, aerobic, rod shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections); also found widely distributed in soil and water; a major agent of nosocomial infection.
CSP

A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is motile, non spore forming, produces pyorubin, pyocyanin and fluorescein and has minimal nutrient requirements. P. aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen found in soil, water and as a part of skin flora that can cause lethal infections in cystic fibrosis patients, burn victims and immunocompromised individuals.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
NCI

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Pseudomonas fluorescens

A species of nonpathogenic fluorescent bacteria found in feces, sewage, soil, and water, and which liquefy gelatin.
MSH

A species of obligatively aerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is motile, non spore forming, a source of fluorescein and mupirocin and is used in the production of yogurt. P. fluorescens can be pathogenic to immunocompromised individuals.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Pseudomonas fluorescens.
NCI

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Pseudomonas – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.
MSH

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Burkholderia mallei

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Burkholderia mallei.
NCI

A species of gram-negative bacteria parasitic on HORSES and DONKEYS causing GLANDERS, which can be transmitted to humans.
MSH

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Pseudomonas pseudomallei

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Burkholderia pseudomallei.
NCI

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pseudomyxom peritonea

A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
MSH

A build-up of mucus in the peritoneal cavity. The mucus may come from ruptured ovarian cysts, from the appendix, or from other abdominal tissues. Mucus-secreting cells may attach to the peritoneal lining and continue to secrete mucus.
NCI

A well differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of the peritoneum. The vast majority of cases represent tumor spread from a primary well differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix. Cases of pseudomyxoma peritonei associated with mucinous adenocarcinomas of the gallbladder, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, lung, breast, and fallopian tubes have also been reported. In the past, the ovary has been considered as a common primary site associated with pseudomyxoma peritonei. However, there is recent evidence based on immunohistochemistry and molecular genetic analysis suggesting that most cases of pseudomyxoma peritonei probably represent metastasis from an appendiceal and not ovarian primary. –2005
NCI

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pseudonymy

A self asserted name that the person is using or has used.


HL7V3.0

A fictitious name used when the person performs a particular social role.
NCI

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Pseudopleuronectus

Genus of Pleuronectidae comprising winter flounder.
MSH

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pseudopodia

A dynamic actin-rich extension of the surface of an animal cell used for locomotion or prehension of food.
MSH

A temporary protrusion or retractile process of a cell, associated with flowing movements of the protoplasm, and serving for locomotion and feeding. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

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pseudogravidita

An acyclic state that resembles PREGNANCY in that there is no ovarian cycle, ESTROUS CYCLE, or MENSTRUAL CYCLE. Unlike pregnancy, there is no EMBRYO IMPLANTATION. Pseudopregnancy can be experimentally induced to form DECIDUOMA in the UTERUS.
MSH

absence of menses accompanied by other signs of pregnancy without conception; may be due to psychogenic factors, abdominal neoplasia, or a hormonal disorder.
CSP

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pseudopseudohypoparatyreoidismus

A genetically related form of PSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM characterized by the same features except for the abnormal response to parathyroid hormone.
MSH

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pseudovzteklina

A highly contagious herpesvirus infection affecting the central nervous system of swine, cattle, dogs, cats, rats, and other animals.
MSH

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herpesvirus 1 prasat

A species of VARICELLOVIRUS producing a respiratory infection (PSEUDORABIES) in swine, its natural host. It also produces an usually fatal ENCEPHALOMYELITIS in cattle, sheep, dogs, cats, foxes, and mink.
MSH

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pseudotumor cerebri

A condition marked by raised intracranial pressure and characterized clinically by HEADACHES; NAUSEA; PAPILLEDEMA, peripheral constriction of the visual fields, transient visual obscurations, and pulsatile TINNITUS. OBESITY is frequently associated with this condition, which primarily affects women between 20 and 44 years of age. Chronic PAPILLEDEMA may lead to optic nerve injury (see OPTIC NERVE DISEASES) and visual loss (see BLINDNESS).
MSH

An idiopathic disorder characterized by chronic increase in the intracranial pressure. It occurs predominantly in obese females of childbearing age. It is associated with papilledema.
NCI

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pseudoxanthoma elasticum

An inherited disorder of connective tissue with extensive degeneration and calcification of ELASTIC TISSUE primarily in the skin, eye, and vasculature. At least two forms exist, autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant. This disorder is caused by mutations of one of the ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS. Patients are predisposed to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION and GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE.
MSH

rare, progressive inherited disorder resulting from extensive basophilic degeneration of elastic tissue, usually presenting after puberty and involving the skin, eye, and cardiovascular system.
CSP

A rare, progressive, autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the ABCC6 gene. It is characterized by calcification and fragmentation of the elastic fibers of the skin, retina, and cardiovascular system. Signs and symptoms include skin plaques and bumps, thickened skin, retinal hemorrhage and obstruction of the blood vessels.
NCI

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psilocybin

The major of two hallucinogenic components of Teonanacatl, the sacred mushroom of Mexico, the other component being psilocin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

A tryptamine alkaloid, isolated from various genera of fungi including the genus Psilocybe, with hallucinogenic, anxiolytic, and psychoactive activities. In vivo, psilocybine is rapidly dephosphorylated into the active compound psilocin, which activates serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptors in the central nervous system (CNS), mimicking the effects of serotonin.
NCI

A substance being studied in the treatment of anxiety or depression in patients with advanced cancer. It is taken from the mushroom Psilocybe mexicana. Psilocybin acts on the brain to cause hallucinations (sights, sounds, smells, tastes, or touches that a person believes to be real but are not real).
NCI

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Psittaciformes

An order of BIRDS comprised of several families and more than 300 species. It includes COCKATOOS; PARROTS; PARAKEETS; macaws; and BUDGERIGARS.
MSH

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psoraleny

Linear furanocoumarins which are found in many PLANTS, especially UMBELLIFERAE and RUTACEAE, as well as PSORALEA from which they were originally discovered. They can intercalate DNA and, in an UV-initiated reaction of the furan portion, alkylate PYRIMIDINES, resulting in PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS.
MSH

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ARTROPATIADUN EDO GABEKO SORIASIA

A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.
MSH

common polygenetically determined, chronic, squamous dermatosis characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches.
CSP

A chronic disease of the skin marked by red patches covered with white scales.
NCI

Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. You usually get them on your elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms and feet, but they can show up on other parts of your body. A problem with your immune system causes psoriasis. In a process called cell turnover, skin cells that grow deep in your skin rise to the surface. Normally, this takes a month. In psoriasis, it happens in just days because your cells rise too fast.

Psoriasis can last a long time, even a lifetime. Symptoms come and go. Things that make them worse include

  • Infections
  • Stress
  • Dry skin
  • Certain medicines

Psoriasis usually occurs in adults. It sometimes runs in families. Treatments include creams, medications and light therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. Psoriatic lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region; the pathology involves an accelerated epidermopoiesis. Psoriasis is associated with increased risk for melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma.
NCI

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psychiatrie – pomocný personál

Persons who assist in the routine care of psychiatric persons, usually under the supervision of the nursing department.
MSH

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