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reprodukce nepohlavní

Reproduction without fusion of two types of cells, mostly found in ALGAE; FUNGI; and PLANTS. Asexual reproduction occurs in several ways, such as budding, fission, or splitting from “parent” cells. Only few groups of ANIMALS reproduce asexually or unisexually (PARTHENOGENESIS).
MSH

The biological process in which new individuals are produced by either a single cell or a group of cells, in the absence of any sexual process. [ISBN:0387520546]
GO

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reprodukční a urogenitální systém – fyziologické jevy

Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
MSH

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reprodukční chování

The specific actions or reactions of an organism that are associated with reproduction. [GOC:jl]
GO

Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.
MSH

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látky působící na reprodukci

Substances used either in the prevention or facilitation of pregnancy.
MSH

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batroxobin

A proteolytic enzyme obtained from the venom of fer-de-lance (Bothrops atrox). It is used as a plasma clotting agent for fibrinogen and for the detection of fibrinogen degradation products. The presence of heparin does not interfere with the clotting test. Hemocoagulase is a mixture containing batroxobin and factor X activator. EC 3.4.21.-.
MSH

A recombinant form of reptilase identical to or similar to the blood-coagulation factor X activator from the tropical snake Bothrops atrox. Orthologous to human thrombin, batroxobin activates soluble fibrinogen into fibrin and facilitates blood coagulation, thereby can be used in substitution of thrombin in quantitative thrombin time test. Furthermore, as a serine protease, batroxobin has the potential applications in cardiovascular treatments, such as dissolving thrombus, preventing thrombus formation and improving microcirculation.
NCI

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plazi

Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
MSH

body with cornified skin having scutes or scales, 5 toed limbs, one occipital condyle, imperfect 4 chambered heart, lungs, and bony skeleton; fertilization is internal, and eggs are extruded with limey or leathery shell.
CSP

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Aanbesteding

In a Request for Proposals (RFPs) the Government states work to be undertaken or a problem to be solved. Respondents compete for a common requirement open to all eligible offerors/bidders. Proposals are evaluated using technical and business evaluation criteria and generally involve negotiations. Bids are awarded to the bidder who is responsible and offers the lowest overall price. (from Acquisition Program)
NCI

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výzkum

Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

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výzkumný projekt

A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
MSH

A plan detailing how a study will be performed in order to represent the phenomenon under examination, to answer the research questions that have been asked, and defining the methods of data analysis. Study design is driven by research hypothesis being posed, study subject/population/sample available, logistics/resources: technology, support, networking, collaborative support, etc.
NCI

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výzkumní pracovníci

Those individuals engaged in research.
MSH

A researcher in a clinical trial or clinical study.
NCI

A person responsible for the conduct of the clinical trial at a trial site. If a trial is conducted by a team of individuals at the trial site, the investigator is the responsible leader of the team and may be called the principle investigator.
NCI

Individual who is employed and/or involved in any aspect of conduct of protocol driven research. EXAMPLE(S): administrators, clinical and data managers, clinical research pharmacists, clinical research associates, clinical trials compliance coordinators, clinical trials specialists, laboratory technologists, nurses, research services consultants, study coordinators and others
NCI

A researcher in a study who oversees multiple aspects of the study, such as concept development, protocol writing, protocol submission for IRB approval, participant recruitment, informed consent, data collection, analysis, interpretation and presentation.
NCI

An individual who conducts scientific research. In a clinical setting this individual actually conducts and/or supervises the clinical investigation and study-related procedures. The investigator monitors the safety of the trial subjects and investigational staff (under whose immediate direction an agent is administered or dispensed to a subject). The investigator collects and analyses data and study documents, and provides reports in compliance with applicable requirements.
NCI

People engaged in research.
NCI

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výzkum – podpora finanční – jako téma

Financial support of research activities.
MSH

This includes all types of grants, cooperative agreements, and research contracts that support research directly and for which individuals and/or projects have been peer-reviewed.
NCI

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metody výzkumu

Technique used in the laboratory for scientific research.
NCI

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reserpin

An alkaloid found in the roots of Rauwolfia serpentina and R. vomitoria. Reserpine inhibits the uptake of norepinephrine into storage vesicles resulting in depletion of catecholamines and serotonin from central and peripheral axon terminals. It has been used as an antihypertensive and an antipsychotic as well as a research tool, but its adverse effects limit its clinical use.
MSH

alkaloid isolated from the root of Rauwolfia species, used as an antihypertensive and sedative.
CSP

An alkaloid, derived from the roots of Rauwolfia serpentine and vomitoria, and an adrenergic uptake inhibitor with antihypertensive effects. Reserpine is lipid soluble and can penetrate blood-brain barrier. This agent binds and inhibits catecholamine pump on the storage vesicles in central and peripheral adrenergic neurons, thereby inhibiting the uptake of norepinephrine, dopamine serotonin into presynaptic storage vesicles. This results in catecholamines and serotonin lingering in the cytoplasm where they are destroyed by intraneuronal monoamine oxidase, thereby causing the depletion of catecholamine and serotonin stores in central and peripheral nerve terminals. Depletion results in a lack of active transmitter discharge from nerve endings upon nerve depolarization, and consequently leads to a decreased heart rate and decreased arterial blood pressure as well as sedative effects.
NCI

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charakteristiky bydlení

Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
MSH

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ubytovací zařízení

Long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
MSH

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stěhování obyvatelstva a migrace

Frequent change of residence, either in the same city or town, or between cities, states or communities.
MSH

change of residence, either in the same city or town, or between cities, states or communities.
CSP

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ústavní terapie

A specialized residential treatment program for behavior disorders including substance abuse. It may include therapeutically planned group living and learning situations including teaching of adaptive skills to help patient functioning in the community. (From Kahn, A. P. and Fawcett, J. Encyclopedia of Mental Health, 1993, p320.)
MSH

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reziduální objem plic

The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a maximal expiration. Common abbreviation is RV.
MSH

The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a maximal exhalation.
NCI

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pryskyřice rostlinné

polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then hardened to form useful components; includes plant resins, oxidation or polymerization products of terpenes.
CSP

Any of various solid or semisolid, amorphous, fusible, flammable, natural organic plant secretions that are usually transparent or translucent. It is typically colored yellowish to brown and is soluble in organic solvents (as ether) but not in water.
NCI

A thick substance that comes from plants or can be made in the laboratory from certain chemicals. Resins do not dissolve in water, and are used in plastics, varnishes, printing inks, medicine, and to make fabrics stiff.
NCI

Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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pryskyřice syntetické

Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.
MSH

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Resources

The funding, research facilities, and materials available for research
NCI

Items necessary to support a research study. EXAMPLE(S): Funding, material, labor
NCI

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dýchání

The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston`s Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
MSH

Distinct from cell or tissue respiration, Respiration is the act of breathing with the lungs and consists of inspiration, or taking ambient air into the lungs, and expiration, or expelling modified air that contains more carbon dioxide than the air taken in. (NCI)
NCI

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dýchání – poruchy

Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the respiratory system.
CSP

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dýchání umělé

Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
MSH

any method of artifical breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs; artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have respiratory insufficiency to increase their intake of oxygen and excretion of carbon dioxide.
CSP

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plíce – ventilace

total exchange of air between the lungs and the outside air, usually measured in liters per minute.
CSP

The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
MSH

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jednotky respirační péče

The hospital unit in which patients with respiratory conditions requiring special attention receive intensive medical care and surveillance.
MSH

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dýchání – mrtvý prostor

That part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT or the air within the respiratory tract that does not exchange OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE with pulmonary capillary blood.
MSH

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syndrom respirační tísně novorozenců

a condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
CSP

A condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no predisposing cause.
NCI

A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
MSH

A condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no predisposing cause.
NCI

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syndrom respirační tísně dospělých

A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
MSH

fulminant pulmonary interstitial and alveolar edema resulting from diffuse infection, shock, or trauma of the lungs.
CSP

Progressive and life-threatening pulmonary distress in the absence of an underlying pulmonary condition, usually following major trauma or surgery. Cases of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome are not included in this definition.
NCI

A disorder characterized by progressive and life-threatening pulmonary distress in the absence of an underlying pulmonary condition, usually following major trauma or surgery.
NCI

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respirační funkční testy

Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
MSH

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