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ribulosafosfáty

Ribulose substituted by one or more phosphoric acid moieties.
MSH

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rýže

annual cereal grass Oryza sativa and its edible starchy grain, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world`s population.
CSP

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ricin

A protein phytotoxin from the seeds of Ricinus communis, the castor oil plant. It agglutinates cells, is proteolytic, and causes lethal inflammation and hemorrhage if taken internally.
MSH

proteinaceous phytotoxin from the castor oil plant, Ricinus communis; A chain has glycosidase activity which cleaves 28S rRNA, halting protein synthesis; extreme cytotoxicity makes ricin an attractive candidate for artificial fusion with binding proteins to create cell-type-specific toxins.
CSP

A highly toxic protein phytotoxin lectin and hemagglutin from the seeds of Ricinus communis, the castor oil plant. It agglutinates cells, is proteolytic, and causes lethal inflammation and hemorrhage if taken internally. It has N-glycosidase activity that cleaves 28S rRNA, halting protein synthesis; extreme cytotoxicity makes ricin an attractive candidate for artificial fusion with binding proteins to create cell-type-specific toxins.
NCI

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Ricin A Chain

One of the two glycoprotein disulfide-linked chains of Ricinus Communis Agglutin II that causes protein synthesis inhibition and cell death. (NCI)
NCI

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kyseliny ricinolejové

Eighteen carbon fatty acids that comprise the great majority of CASTOR OIL, which is from the seed of RICINUS.
MSH

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Ricinus

A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. The seed of Ricinus communis L. is the CASTOR BEAN which is the source of CASTOR OIL; RICIN; and other lectins.
MSH

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rachitida

A condition caused by deficiency of VITAMIN D, especially in infancy and childhood, with disturbance of normal ossification.
MSH

disorder of calcium and phosphorus metabolism affecting bony structures, due to a variety of defects in vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorous homeostasis, including dietary deficiencies or malabsorption.
CSP

Rickets causes soft, weak bones in children. It usually occurs when they do not get enough vitamin D, which helps growing bones absorb important nutrients. Vitamin D comes from sunlight and food. Your skin produces vitamin D in response to the sun`s rays. Some foods also contain vitamin D, including fortified dairy products and cereals, and some kinds of fish. Your child might not get enough vitamin D if he or she

  • Has dark skin
  • Spends too little time outside
  • Has on sunscreen all the time when out of doors
  • Doesn`t eat foods containing vitamin D because of lactose intolerance or a strict vegetarian diet
  • Is breastfed without receiving vitamin D supplements
  • Can`t make or use vitamin D because of a medical disorder such as celiac disease

In addition to dietary rickets, children can get an inherited form of the disease.


MEDLINEPLUS

a condition caused by vitamin D deficiency
CHV

A condition in children in which bones become soft and deformed because they don`t have enough calcium and phosphorus. It is caused by not having enough vitamin D in the diet or by not getting enough sunlight. In adults, this condition is called osteomalacia.
NCI

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Rickettsia

in the Rickettsiaceae family, a genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer; the natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host; species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
MSH

A genus of non-motile, Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, obligate intracellular parasitic bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Rickettsia genus level.
NCI

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Rickettsia conorii

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of BOUTONNEUSE FEVER. It resembles RICKETTSIA RICKETTSII but is antigenically distinct and less virulent for animals and man. (From Bergey`s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol 1)
MSH

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Rickettsia – infekce

Infections by the genus RICKETTSIA.
MSH

gram negative bacterial infection with the bacteria in the Rickettsiales order.
CSP

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Rickettsia prowazeki

species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of epidemic typhus fever acquired through contact with lice, as well as Brill`s disease.
CSP

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of epidemic typhus fever acquired through contact with lice (TYPHUS, EPIDEMIC LOUSE-BORNE) as well as Brill`s disease.
MSH

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is obligately intracellular, motile and transmitted to humans by the human body louse, Pediculus humanus corporis. R. prowazekii is a pathogen that causes epidemic typhus and Brill Zinsser disease.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Rickettsia prowazekii.
NCI

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Rickettsia rickettsii

species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
CSP

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER. Its cells are slightly smaller and more uniform in size than those of RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Rickettsia rickettsii.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is obligately intracellular, motile and transmitted to humans by tick hosts, Dermacentor variabilis and Dermacentor andersoni. R. rickettsii is a pathogen that causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
NCI

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Orientia tsutsugamushi

A gram-negative, rod-shaped to coccoid bacterium. It is the etiologic agent of SCRUB TYPHUS in humans and is transmitted by mites from rodent reservoirs.
MSH

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Rickettsia typhi

The etiologic agent of murine typhus (see TYPHUS, ENDEMIC FLEA-BORNE).
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Rickettsia typhi.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is obligately intracellular, motile and transmitted to humans by a tick or flea host. R. typhi is a pathogen that causes murine typhus.
NCI

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Rickettsiaceae

A family of small, gram-negative organisms, often parasitic in humans and other animals, causing diseases that may be transmitted by invertebrate vectors.
MSH

A taxonomic family of Gram negative, non acid fast bacterium in the phylum Proteobacteria that includes the genera Rickettsia and Wolbachia, among others.
NCI

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Rickettsiaceae – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
MSH

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rickettsiové vakcíny

Vaccines for the prevention of diseases caused by various species of Rickettsia.
MSH

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Order Rickettsiales

order of gram negative proteobacteria; obligate intracellular parasites that cause a variety of diseases including typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever; organisms multiply in endothelial cells of small blood vessels, the resulting damage is the cause of the spotted appearance.
CSP

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rifampin

A semisynthetic antibiotic produced from Streptomyces mediterranei. It has a broad antibacterial spectrum, including activity against several forms of Mycobacterium. In susceptible organisms it inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity by forming a stable complex with the enzyme. It thus suppresses the initiation of RNA synthesis. Rifampin is bactericidal, and acts on both intracellular and extracellular organisms. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1160)
MSH

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

A drug used in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria. It belongs to the family of drugs called antibiotics.
NCI

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rifamyciny

A group of ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS characterized by a chromophoric naphthohydroquinone group spanned by an aliphatic bridge not previously found in other known ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS. They have been isolated from fermentation broths of Streptomyces mediterranei.
MSH

family of antibiotics biosynthesized by a strain of Streptomyces mediterranei, effective against a broad spectrum of bacteria.
CSP

A natural antibiotic produced by Streptomyces mediterranei, Rifamycin (Ansamycin Family) is a commonly used antimycobacterial drug that inhibits prokaryotic DNA-dependent RNA synthesis and protein synthesis; it blocks RNA-polymerase transcription initiation. Rifamycin has an activity spectrum against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, but is mainly used against Mycobacterium sp. (especially M. tuberculosis) in association with other agents to overcome resistance. (NCI04)
NCI

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horečka Rift Valley

An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
MSH

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virus horečky Rift Valley

mosquito borne species of Phlebovirus.
CSP

A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
MSH

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právo na smrt

The right of the patient or the patient`s representative to make decisions with regard to the patient`s dying.
MSH

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právo na léčbu

In law, the claim of persons involuntarily institutionalized on the ground of mental disability to receive appropriate care for their conditions or diseases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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Rights

Justified claims that require action or restraint from others, i.e., impose positive or negative duties on others. (from Gillon, Raanan, “Rights,” BMJ: 1985 Jun 22; 290(6485): 1890-1891). Used for the concept of rights in a philosophical sense, often contrasted with MORAL OBLIGATIONS.
MSH

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ztuhlost posmrtná

Muscular rigidity which develops in the cadaver usually from 4 to 10 hours after death and lasts 3 or 4 days.
MSH

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rimantadin

An RNA synthesis inhibitor that is used as an antiviral agent in the prophylaxis and treatment of influenza.
MSH

A cyclic amine and alpha-methyl derivative of amantadine with antiviral activity. Although the exact mechanism of action of rimantadine is not exactly understood, this agent appears to exert its antiviral effect against influenza A virus by interfering with the function of the transmembrane domain of the viral M2 protein, thereby preventing the uncoating of the virus and subsequent release of infectious viral nucleic acids into the cytoplasm of infected cells.
NCI

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mor dobytčí

A viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by MORBILLIVIRUS. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic with the major lesions characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the entire digestive tract. The disease was declared successfully eradicated worldwide in 2010.
MSH

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virus moru skotu

A species of MORBILLIVIRUS causing cattle plague, a disease with high mortality. Sheep, goats, pigs, and other animals of the order Artiodactyla can also be infected.
MSH

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prstencové chromozómy

Aberrant chromosomes with no ends, i.e., circular.
MSH

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