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foramen magnum

A large orifice in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord enters the cranial cavity.
NCI

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foramen ovale

An opening in the wall between the right and the left upper chambers (HEART ATRIA) of a fetal heart. Oval foramen normally closes soon after birth; when it fails to close the condition is called PATENT OVAL FORAMEN.
MSH

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foramen ovale apertum

A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.
MSH

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usilovný výdech – průtok

The rate of airflow measured during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination.
MSH

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usilovný výdech – objem

Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
MSH

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Forceps

A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
SPN

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předloktí

The structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist. (NCI)
NCI

The structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist.
NCI

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předloktí – poranění

Injuries to the part of the upper limb of the body between the wrist and elbow.
MSH

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předpověď

The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
MSH

A prediction made by extrapolating from past observations.
NCI

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přednoží člověka

The forepart of the foot including the metatarsals and the TOES.
MSH

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čelo

The part of the face above the eyes.
MSH

Subdivision of head bounded by the hairline and the eyebrows.
FMA

The part of the face between the eyebrows and the normal hairline.
NCI

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cizí tělesa

Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
MSH

An occurrence where any object originating inside or outside the body is not in it`s physiological or intended location. For example, a tooth or bone fragment being swallowed; or device`s components or fragments being found in the body away from where they were implanted.
NCI

If you`ve ever gotten a splinter or had sand in your eye, you`ve had experience with a foreign body. A foreign body is something that is stuck inside you but isn`t supposed to be there. You may inhale or swallow a foreign body, or you may get one from an injury to almost any part of your body. Foreign bodies are more common in small children, who sometimes stick things in their mouths, ears, and noses.

Some foreign bodies, like a small splinter, do not cause serious harm. Inhaled or swallowed foreign bodies may cause choking or bowel obstruction and may require medical care.


MEDLINEPLUS

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cizí tělesa – migrace

Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
MSH

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cizí tělesa – reakce

chronic inflammation and granuloma formation around irritating foreign bodies.
CSP

A granulomatous inflammatory reaction evoked by the presence of an exogenous material in the tissues, a characteristic feature of which is the formation of foreign body giant cells.
NCI

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lékaři – absolventi zahraničních škol

Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.
MSH

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zahraniční odborný personál

Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.
MSH

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přední končetina

A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)
MSH

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soudní stomatologie

The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
MSH

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soudní lékařství

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
MSH

branch of medicine that interprets or establishes the medical facts in civil or criminal law cases.
CSP

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law; research, reports and testimony in court by experts in medical science to assist in determining a legal question.
NCI

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soudní psychiatrie

Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist`s role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.
MSH

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forma – percepce

The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
MSH

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formaldehyd

A highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. In solution, it has a wide range of uses: in the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative. Formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p717)
MSH

highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons; in solution, it has a wide range of uses, including the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative; formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic.
CSP

A general purpose reagent is a chemical reagent that has general laboratory application, that is used to collect, prepare, and examine specimens from the human body for diagnostic histopathology, cytology, and hematology, and that is not labeled or otherwise intended for a specific diagnostic application. General purpose reagents include cytological preservatives, decalcifying reagents, fixatives and adhesives, tissue processing reagents, isotonic solutions, and pH buffers.
SPN

A chemical used in manufacturing and chemical industries, and as a preservative by anatomists, embalmers, and pathologists. Being exposed to formaldehyde may increase the risk of developing leukemia and brain cancer.
NCI

A colorless poisonous gas synthesized by the oxidation of methanol and used as an antiseptic, disinfectant, histologic fixative, and general-purpose chemical reagent for laboratory applications. Formaldehyde is readily soluble in water and is commonly distributed as a 37% solution in water; formalin, a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water, is used as a disinfectant and to preserve biological specimens. Environmentally, formaldehyde may be found in the atmosphere, smoke from fires, automobile exhaust and cigarette smoke. Small amounts are produced during normal metabolic processes in most organisms, including humans.
NCI

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formamidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of N-formyl-L-kynurenine and water to formate and L-kynurenine. It also acts on other aromatic formylamines. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.5.1.9.
MSH

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formamide

group of amides with the general formula of R-CONH2.
CSP

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formamidy

A group of amides with the general formula of R-CONH2.
MSH

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formiátdehydrogenasy

Flavoproteins that catalyze reversibly the reduction of carbon dioxide to formate. Many compounds can act as acceptors, but the only physiologically active acceptor is NAD. The enzymes are active in the fermentation of sugars and other compounds to carbon dioxide and are the key enzymes in obtaining energy when bacteria are grown on formate as the main carbon source. They have been purified from bovine blood. EC 1.2.1.2.
MSH

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formiáty

caustic acid or its derivatives containing the HCOO- radical.
CSP

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formazany

Colored azo compounds formed by the reduction of tetrazolium salts. Employing this reaction, oxidoreductase activity can be determined quantitatively in tissue sections by allowing the enzymes to act on their specific substrates in the presence of tetrazolium salts.
MSH

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kyselina formiminoglutamová

Measurement of this acid in the urine after oral administration of histidine provides the basis for the diagnostic test of folic acid deficiency and of megaloblastic anemia of pregnancy.
MSH

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formuláře a záznamy – kontrola a vedení

A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
MSH

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