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Salamandridae

A family of Urodela consisting of 15 living genera and about 42 species and occurring in North America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
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mzdy a přídavky

The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.
MSH

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salicylamidy

Amides of salicylic acid.
MSH

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salicylanilidy

2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.
MSH

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salicylate

o-hydroxybenzoate.
CSP

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salicylany

The salts, esters of salicylic acids, or salicylate esters of an organic acid. Some of these have analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.
MSH

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sulfasalazin

A drug that is used in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. Its activity is generally considered to lie in its metabolic breakdown product, 5-aminosalicylic acid (see MESALAMINE) released in the colon. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p907)
MSH

A synthetic salicylic acid derivative with affinity for connective tissues containing elastin and formulated as a prodrug, antiinflammatory Sulfasalazine acts locally in the intestine through its active metabolites, sulfamide 5-aminosalicylic acid and salicylic acid, by a mechanism that is not clear. It appears inhibit cyclooxygenase and prostaglandin production and is used in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. (NCI04)
NCI

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kyselina salicylová

A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves, and also prepared synthetically. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions. Its salts, the salicylates, are used as analgesics. (From Dorland`s, 28th ed)
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kyseliny salicylové

Derivatives and salts of SALICYLIC ACID.
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Saline Solution

any aqueous salt solution; usually means normal or physiological saline, which is 0.9% sodium chloride, and is used as a base for culture media and buffers, and as an injection vehicle or control.
CSP

A solution of salt and water.
NCI

A solution of salt and water. Saline usually refers to normal or physiological saline, which is an aqueous solution containing 0.9% sodium chloride.
NCI

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sůl – hypertonický roztok

Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
MSH

Any solution of sodium chloride (NaCl) in water with a concentration of NaCl higher than physiologic (0.9% w/v). When administered in vivo, hypertonic saline (HTS) exhbits several physiological effects beneficial to cerebral injury including: 1) osmotic and vasoregulatory – by promoting the flow of excess water from cerebral tissue to the blood via osmosis and decreasing edema in the vascular endothelium of injured tissues, thus lowering vascular resistance and allowing more blood flow; 2) hemodymanic – by effectively expanding plasma volume; 3) immunomodulatory – by preventing leukocytes from becoming activated and adhering to injured neurons and; 4) neurochemical – by counteracting detrimental excitatory amino acids through the normalization of neuronal cell membranes and by restoration of normal electrolyte and neurotransmitter levels in brain cells, and normal cell volumes. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=467928&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=467928&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C60814″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

Any solution of sodium chloride (NaCl) in water with a concentration of NaCl higher than that found in physiological saline (0.9% w/v). When administered in vivo, hypertonic saline (HTS) exhibits several physiological effects beneficial to cerebral injury including: 1) osmotic and vasoregulatory – by promoting the flow of excess water from cerebral tissue to the blood via osmosis and decreasing edema in the vascular endothelium of injured tissues, thus lowering vascular resistance and allowing more blood flow; 2) hemodynamic – by effectively expanding plasma volume; 3) immunomodulatory – by preventing leukocytes from becoming activated and adhering to injured neurons and; 4) neurochemical – by counteracting detrimental excitatory amino acids through the normalization of neuronal cell membranes and by restoration of normal electrolyte and neurotransmitter levels in brain cells, and normal cell volumes.
NCI

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sliny

The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
MSH

clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth; it contains mucins, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
CSP

The watery fluid in the mouth made by the salivary glands. Saliva moistens food to help digestion and it helps protect the mouth against infections.
NCI

A clear liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth; moistens the mouth and starts the digestion of starches. (NCI)
NCI

The watery fluid in the mouth made by the salivary glands. Saliva moistens food to help digestion and it helps protect the mouth against infections.
NCI

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sliny umělé

A solution used for irrigating the mouth in xerostomia and as a substitute for saliva.
MSH

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slinné žlázy – kaménky vývodů

Presence of small calculi in the terminal salivary ducts (salivary sand), or stones (larger calculi) found in the larger ducts.
MSH

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slinné žlázy – kaménky

Calculi occurring in a salivary gland. Most salivary gland calculi occur in the submandibular gland, but can also occur in the parotid gland and in the sublingual and minor salivary glands.
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slinné žlázy – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any of the three pairs of salivary glands, which are the parotid, sublingual, and submandibular glands.
CSP

Your salivary glands make saliva – sometimes called spit – and empty it into your mouth through openings called ducts. Saliva makes your food moist, which helps you chew and swallow. It helps you digest your food. It also cleans your mouth and contains antibodies that can kill germs.

Problems with salivary glands can cause the glands to become irritated and swollen. This causes symptoms such as

  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty opening your mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Pain in the face or mouth
  • Swelling of the face or neck

Causes of salivary gland problems include infections, obstruction or cancer. Problems can also be due to other disorders, such as mumps or Sjogren`s syndrome.


MEDLINEPLUS

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic (benign or malignant) disorder involving the salivary gland. — 2003
NCI

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slinné žlázy – píštěl

A fistula between a salivary duct or gland and the cutaneous surface of the oral cavity.
MSH

An abnormal communication between a salivary gland and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between a salivary gland and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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slinné žlázy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the SALIVARY GLANDS.
MSH

new abnormal salivary gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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slinné žlázy

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of glandular acini which communicate the oral cavity. Examples: parotid gland, sublingual gland, lingual salivary gland.
UWDA

Glands that secrete SALIVA in the MOUTH. There are three pairs of salivary glands (PAROTID GLAND; SUBLINGUAL GLAND; SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND).
MSH

any of the three pairs of glands that secrete saliva in the mouth and aid in digestion.
CSP

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of glandular acini which communicate the oral cavity. Examples: parotid gland, sublingual gland, lingual salivary gland.
FMA

A gland in the mouth that produces saliva.
NCI

An exocrine gland that secretes saliva. Salivary glands are mostly located in and around the oral cavity.
NCI

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slinné žlázy malé

Accessory salivary glands located in the lip, cheek, tongue, floor of mouth, palate and intramaxillary.
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salivace

The discharge of saliva from the SALIVARY GLANDS that keeps the mouth tissues moist and aids in digestion.
MSH

secretion of saliva.
CSP

The regulated release of saliva from the salivary glands. In man, the saliva is a turbid and slightly viscous fluid, generally of an alkaline reaction, and is secreted by the parotid, submaxillary, and sublingual glands. In the mouth the saliva is mixed with the secretion from the buccal glands. In man and many animals, saliva is an important digestive fluid on account of the presence of the peculiar enzyme, ptyalin. [GOC:curators, UBERON:0001836]
GO

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Oncorhynchus mykiss

A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.
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losos

Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
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Salmonella

genus of gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source; it is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia; food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation; organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
MSH

A genus of motile, rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Salmonella genus level.
NCI

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Salmonella arizonae

Gram-negative rods widely distributed in LIZARDS and SNAKES, and implicated in enteric, bone (BONE DISEASES), and joint infections (JOINT DISEASES) in humans.
MSH

A subspecies of aerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the species Salmonella enterica. S. enterica subsp. arizonae is an inhabitant of the gut of reptiles and is pathogenic in humans, although is rarely isolated from clinical specimens.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Salmonella enterica subspecies arizonae.
NCI

a kind of bacteria found it in some reptiles that causes bone and joint diseases in human
CHV

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Salmonella enteritidis

A serotype of Salmonella enterica which is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in man and other animals.
MSH

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Salmonella – otrava alimentární

Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.
MSH

poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of Salmonella; conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.
CSP

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Salmonella paratyphi C

A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA which is an agent of PARATYPHOID FEVER in Asia, Africa, and southern Europe.
MSH

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salmonelóza

Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.
MSH

infections with bacteria of the genus Salmonella
CSP

Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria. In the United States, it is the most common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables.

Symptoms include fever, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and headache. Symptoms usually last 4 – 7 days. Most people get better without treatment. It can be more serious in the elderly, infants and people with chronic conditions. If Salmonella gets into the bloodstream, it can be serious, or even life-threatening. The usual treatment is antibiotics.

You also can get a salmonella infection after handling pets, particularly reptiles like snakes, turtles and lizards. Typhoid fever, a more serious disease caused by Salmonella, frequently occurs in developing countries.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


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Salmonella – infekce u zvířat

Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.
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