Additional pages

receptáře jako téma

Lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

receptáře nemocniční

Formularies concerned with pharmaceuticals prescribed in hospitals.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

formyciny

Pyrazolopyrimidine ribonucleosides isolated from Nocardia interforma. They are antineoplastic antibiotics with cytostatic properties.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

formiáttetrahydrofolátligasa

A carbon-nitrogen ligase that catalyzes the formation of 10-formyltetrahydrofolate from formate and tetrahydrofolate in the presence of ATP. In higher eukaryotes the enzyme also contains METHYLENETETRAHYDROFOLATE DEHYDROGENASE (NADP+) and METHENYLTETRAHYDROFOLATE CYCLOHYDROLASE activity.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

formyltetrahydrofoláty

Tetrahydrofolates which are substituted by a formyl group at either the nitrogen atom in the 5 position or the nitrogen atom in the 10 position. N(5)-Formyltetrahydrofolate is leukovorin (citrovorum factor) while N(10)-formyltetrahydrofolate is an active coenzyme which functions as a carrier of the formyl group in a number of enzymatic reactions.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

forskolin

Potent activator of the adenylate cyclase system and the biosynthesis of cyclic AMP. From the plant Coleus forskohlii. Has antihypertensive, positive ionotropic, platelet aggregation inhibitory, and smooth muscle relaxant activities; also lowers intraocular pressure and promotes release of hormones from the pituitary gland.
MSH

saturated, polymethylated naphthopyran which stimulates adenylate cyclase and so is used to probe cyclic AMP pathways; USP lists colfosin as antiglaucoma agent.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Forssmanův antigen

A glycolipid, cross-species antigen that induces production of antisheep hemolysin. It is present on the tissue cells of many species but absent in humans. It is found in many infectious agents.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fosfomycin

An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces fradiae.
MSH

A phosphoenolpyruvate analogue and a synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic with antimicrobial and bactericidal properties. Fosfomycin binds to and inactivates the enzyme enolpyruvate transferase. This leads to an irreversible blockage of the condensation of uridine diphosphate-N-acetylglucosamine with p-enolpyruvate, which is one of the first steps of bacterial cell wall synthesis, thereby eventually causing cell lysis and bacterial cell death.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fosilní paliva

Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

zkameněliny

Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth`s crust.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

pěstounství

Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

nadace

Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
MSH

An institution supported by an endowment. (WordNet)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Fourierova analýza

Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
MSH

A mathematical formalism that transforms sequences of values into an equivalent representation that consists of the sum of many sinusoids having different frequencies and amplitudes. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fovea centralis

An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

area within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer; includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery; in its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell.
CSP

Area consisting of a small depression in the retina containing only cones and where vision is most acute.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

ptačí chřipka u ptáků

Birds, just like people, get the flu. Bird flu viruses infect birds, including chickens, other poultry and wild birds such as ducks. Most bird flu viruses can only infect other birds. However, bird flu can pose health risks to people. The first case of a bird flu virus infecting a person directly, H5N1, was in Hong Kong in 1997. Since then, the bird flu virus has spread to birds in countries in Asia, Africa and Europe.

Human infection is still very rare, but the virus that causes the infection in birds might change, or mutate, to more easily infect humans. This could lead to a pandemic, or a worldwide outbreak of the illness.

During an outbreak of bird flu, people who have contact with infected birds can become sick. It may also be possible to catch bird flu by eating poultry that is not well cooked or through contact with a person who has it. Bird flu can make people very sick or even cause death. There is currently no vaccine.


MEDLINEPLUS

Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
MSH

infection caused by influenza A viruses that occur naturally in birds; wild birds can carry the viruses, but usually do not get sick from them; some domesticated birds, including chickens, ducks, and turkeys, can become infected, often fatally; one strain of avian influenza, the H5N1 virus, may infect various types of animals, including wild birds, pigs, and tigers; symptoms in birds and other animals vary, but virulent strains can cause death within a few days; human H5N1 infection was first recognized in 1997 in Hong Kong.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

drůbeží neštovice

A poxvirus infection of poultry and other birds characterized by the formation of wart-like nodules on the skin and diphtheritic necrotic masses (cankers) in the upper digestive and respiratory tracts.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

virus ptačích neštovic

The type species of the genus AVIPOXVIRUS. It is the etiologic agent of FOWLPOX.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Foxova-Fordyceova nemoc

Chronic pruritic disease, usually in women, characterized by small follicular papular eruptions in APOCRINE GLANDS areas. It is caused by obstruction and rupture of intraepidermal apocrine ducts.
MSH

A chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by pruritic papular eruptions in areas with apocrine glands. It usually affects the axillae bilaterally. There is rupture of the apocrine ducts resulting in inflammation and formation of the papular skin lesions.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lišky

Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

frakční precipitace

A method which uses specific precipitation reactions to separate or collect substances from a solution.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

chemická frakcionace

Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

Methods of fractionation, isolation, and purification based on the physico-chemical properties of the substance, e.g. crystallization, distillation, solubility (miscibility).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury – fixace

The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
MSH

use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
CSP

An orthopedic procedure to set the position of broken bones while they heal.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury – fixace vnitřní

The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury kostí

breaks or rupture in bones or cartilages.
CSP

A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fracture. Fractures commonly happen because of car accidents, falls or sports injuries. Other causes are low bone density and osteoporosis, which cause weakening of the bones. Overuse can cause stress fractures, which are very small cracks in the bone.

Symptoms of a fracture are

  • Out-of-place or misshapen limb or joint
  • Swelling, bruising or bleeding
  • Intense pain
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Limited mobility or inability to move a limb

You need to get medical care right away for any fracture. You may need to wear a cast or splint. Sometimes you need surgery to put in plates, pins or screws to keep the bone in place.


MEDLINEPLUS

A finding of traumatic injury to the bone in which the continuity of the bone is broken.
NCI

A traumatic injury to the bone in which the continuity of the bone is broken.-2003
NCI

Breaks in bones.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury uzavřené

Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury otevřené

Fractures in which there is an external wound communicating with the break of the bone.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury spontánní

Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A broken bone caused by disease, often by the spread of cancer to the bone.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury stresové

Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

fraktury nespojené

A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

syndrom fragilního X

A condition characterized genotypically by mutation of the distal end of the long arm of the X chromosome (at gene loci FRAXA or FRAXE) and phenotypically by cognitive impairment, hyperactivity, SEIZURES, language delay, and enlargement of the ears, head, and testes. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY occurs in nearly all males and roughly 50% of females with the full mutation of FRAXA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p226)
MSH

X-linked recessive disorder characterized by mental retardation and large head, jaw, ears, and testes; premutation alleles in unaffected carriers give rise to significantly amplified repeats in affected progeny.
CSP

Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of inherited mental retardation. A problem with a specific gene causes the disease. Normally, the gene makes a protein you need for brain development. But the mutation causes a person to make little or none of the protein, which results in the symptoms of Fragile X.

People with only a small change in the gene might not show any signs of Fragile X. People with bigger changes can have severe symptoms. These might include

  • Intelligence problems, ranging from learning disabilities to severe mental retardation
  • Social and emotional problems, such as aggression in boys or shyness in girls
  • Speech and language problems, especially in boys

Fragile X has no cure. You can treat some symptoms with educational, behavioral or physical therapy, and with medicines. Getting treatment early for Fragile X can help.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A genetic syndrome caused by mutations in the FMR1 gene which is responsible for the expression of the fragile X mental retardation 1 protein. This protein participates in neural development. This syndrome is manifested with mental, emotional, behavioral, physical, and learning disabilities.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…