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kožní řasa – tloušťka

The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
MSH

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lebka

The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
MSH

Subdivision of skeletal system which consists of the skeleton of the head and its joints.
UWDA

bony part of the head including the facial bones and the bones enclosing the brain.
CSP

Subdivision of skeletal system which consists of the skeleton of the head and its joints.
FMA

The bones that form the head, made up of the bones of the braincase and face. (NCI)
NCI

The bones that form the head, made up of the bones of the braincase and face.
NCI

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lebka – fraktury

Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
MSH

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lebka – nádory

Neoplasms of the bony part of the skull.
MSH

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Mephitidae

The family of omnivorous New World skunks, showing typical warning coloration of patterned black and white and able to eject a malodorous secretion when the animal is startled or in danger.
MSH

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spánek

A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
MSH

period of rest for the body and mind during which volition and consciousness are in partial or complete abeyance and bodily functions are partially suspended; a behavioral state marked by a characteristic immobile posture and diminished but readily reversible sensitivity to external stimuli.
CSP

Any process in which an organism enters and maintains a periodic, readily reversible state of reduced awareness and metabolic activity. Usually accompanied by physical relaxation, the onset of sleep in humans and other mammals is marked by a change in the electrical activity of the brain. [ISBN:0192800981]
GO

A natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended. (WordNet)
NCI

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syndromy spánkové apnoe

Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
MSH

cessation of breathing for 10 seconds or more during sleep and consequent oxygen desaturation.
CSP

Sleep apnea is a common disorder that can be serious. In sleep apnea, your breathing stops or gets very shallow. Each pause in breathing typically lasts 10 to 20 seconds or more. These pauses can occur 20 to 30 times or more an hour.

The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea. That means you are unable to get enough air through your mouth and nose into your lungs. When that happens, the amount of oxygen in your blood may drop. Normal breaths resume with a snort or choking sound. People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. However, not everyone who snores has sleep apnea.

When your sleep is interrupted throughout the night, you can be drowsy during the day. People with sleep apnea are at higher risk for car crashes, work-related accidents and other medical problems. If you have it, it is important to get treatment.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by cessation of breathing for short periods during sleep.
NCI

A sleep disorder that is marked by pauses in breathing of 10 seconds or more during sleep, and causes unrestful sleep. Symptoms include loud or abnormal snoring, daytime sleepiness, irritability, and depression.
NCI

Cessation of breathing for short periods during sleep. It is classified as obstructive, central, or mixed obstructive-central. It can occur at any age but it is more frequent in people over forty. Risk factors include male sex and obesity.
NCI

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spánek – deprivace

The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.
MSH

state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.
CSP

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spánek – stadia

Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
MSH

One of 5 parts or stages of the sleep cycle based on the type of brain activity that occurs during the stage. During stages 1 to 4, a person will feel drowsy, fall asleep, and move into a deep, dreamless sleep. Stage 5 is called rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and it is during this stage that dreams occur. During several hours of normal sleep, a person will go through several sleep cycles that include REM sleep and the 4 stages of non-REM sleep (light to deep sleep).
NCI

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noční děsy

A disorder characterized by incomplete arousals from sleep associated with behavior suggesting extreme fright. This condition primarily affects children and young adults and the individual generally has no recall of the event. Episodes tend to occur during stage III or IV. SOMNAMBULISM is frequently associated with this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p391)
MSH

A sleep disorder characterized by abrupt awakenings from sleep with a panicky scream, accompanied by signs of autonomic arousal. There is no recall of a nightmare and the person has amnesia for the event in the morning.
NCI

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spánek REM

A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
MSH

stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG; usually associated with dreaming.
CSP

One of the five stages of sleep. During rapid eye movement sleep, the eyes move rapidly while closed and dreams occur. Rapid eye movement sleep is the lightest stage of sleep, during which a person may wake easily. During several hours of normal sleep, a person will go through several sleep cycles that include rapid eye movement sleep and the 4 stages of non-rapid eye movement (light to deep sleep).
NCI

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lenochodi

Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
MSH

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Slovinsko

Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
MSH

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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viry pomalé – infekce

Diseases of viral origin, characterized by incubation periods of months to years, insidious onset of clinical manifestations, and protracted clinical course. Though the disease process is protracted, viral multiplication may not be unusually slow. Conventional viruses produce slow virus diseases such as SUBACUTE SCLEROSING PANENCEPHALITIS, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY, PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL), and AIDS. Diseases produced by unconventional agents were originally considered part of this group. They are now called PRION DISEASES.
MSH

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pomalu reagující látky

A chemically diverse group of substances produced by various tissues in the body that cause slow contraction of smooth muscle; they have other intense but varied pharmacologic activities.
MSH

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neštovice pravé

An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Smallpox is a disease caused by the Variola major virus. Some experts say that over the centuries it has killed more people than all other infectious diseases combined. Worldwide immunization stopped the spread of smallpox three decades ago. The last case was reported in 1977. Two research labs still house small amounts of the virus. Experts fear bioterrorists could use the virus to spread disease.

Smallpox spreads very easily from person to person. Symptoms are flu-like and include high fever, fatigue and headache and backache, followed by a rash with flat red sores.

The U.S. stopped routine smallpox vaccinations in 1972. Military and other high-risk groups continue to get the vaccine. The U.S. has increased its supply of the vaccine in recent years. The vaccine makes some people sick, so doctors save it for those at highest risk of disease.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


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neštovice pravé – vakcína

A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

frequently a live vaccinia virus vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox.
CSP

smallpox vaccine


HL7V3.0

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virus varioly

A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing infections in humans. No infections have been reported since 1977 and the virus is now believed to be virtually extinct.
MSH

species of orthopoxvirus causing infections in humans, virtually extinct in nature.
CSP

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smegma

A foul-smelling accumulation of SEBUM and desquaminated epidermal cells, especially the cheesy substance found under the foreskin of the penis and at the base of the labia minor near the clitoris.
MSH

Secretion produced by preputial gland.
FMA

A white secretion of the sebaceous glands of the foreskin. (NCI)
NCI

A white secretion of the sebaceous glands of the foreskin.
NCI

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čich

The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
MSH

sensation or perception of scents or odors; sense of smell.
CSP

The series of events required for an organism to receive an olfactory stimulus, convert it to a molecular signal, and recognize and characterize the signal. Olfaction involves the detection of chemical composition of an organism`s ambient medium by chemoreceptors. This is a neurological process. [GOC:ai, http://www.onelook.com/]
GO

The sense of smell.
NCI

The faculty of smell.
NCI

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usmívání se

A facial expression which may denote feelings of pleasure, affection, amusement, etc.
MSH

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smog

A mixture of smoke and fog polluting the atmosphere. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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kouř – poranění inhalací

Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
MSH

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kouření

Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of tobacco or something similar to tobacco.
MSH

to inhale and exhale the smoke produced by the combustion of a substance.
CSP

There`s no way around it. Smoking is bad for your health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Cigarette smoking causes 87 percent of lung cancer deaths. It is also responsible for many other cancers and health problems. These include lung disease, heart and blood vessel disease, stroke and cataracts. Women who smoke have a greater chance of certain pregnancy problems or having a baby die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Your smoke is also bad for other people – they breathe in your smoke secondhand and can get many of the same problems as smokers do.

Quitting smoking can reduce your risk of these problems. The earlier you quit, the greater the health benefit.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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kouření pasivní

involuntary inhalation of sidestream smoke from the burning tip of the cigarette and/or mainstream smoke that has been inhaled and then exhaled by the smoker.
CSP

Smoke that comes from the burning of a tobacco product and smoke that is exhaled by smokers. Inhaling secondhand smoke is called involuntary or passive smoking.
NCI

Exposure to tobacco smoke products among individuals who do not smoke. This can result from sharing space with a smoker or from placental transfer from mother to fetus.
NCI

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hlemýždi

Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.
MSH

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hadi – uštknutí

Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster`s 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)
MSH

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hadí jedy

Solutions or mixtures of toxic and nontoxic substances elaborated by snake (Ophidia) salivary glands for the purpose of killing prey or disabling predators and delivered by grooved or hollow fangs. They usually contain enzymes, toxins, and other factors.
MSH

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hadi

Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.
MSH

any of numerous limbless scaled reptiles (suborder Ophidia) with a long tapering body and with salivary glands often modified to produce venom which is injected through grooved or tubular fangs.
CSP

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kýchání

The sudden, forceful, involuntary expulsion of air from the NOSE and MOUTH caused by irritation to the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
MSH

A symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose.
NCI

A disorder characterized by the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose.
NCI

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