Additional pages

framycetin

A component of NEOMYCIN that is produced by Streptomyces fradiae. On hydrolysis it yields neamine and neobiosamine B. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Francie

country in western Europe between the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea, capital city is Paris.
CSP

A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
MSH

A country in Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of France


HL7V3.0

A country in Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Francisella

The lone genus of bacteria in the family Francisellaceae, frequently found in natural waters. It can be parasitic in humans, other MAMMALS; BIRDS; and ARTHROPODS.
MSH

A genus of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Franciscellaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Francisella genus level.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Francisella tularensis

species in the family Francisellaceae; the etiologic agent of tularemia.
CSP

The etiologic agent of TULAREMIA in man and other warm-blooded animals.
MSH

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, coccobacilli shaped bacterium in the phylum Proteobacteria. It has two main serotypes, Jellison Type A and Jellison Type B. This species is hemolytic, oxidase negative, catalase positive and nonfermentative. F. tularensis is pathogenic, being a causative agent of Tularemia which is mainly contracted when handling infected rabbits. This bacterium has been classified as a Category A critical biological agent due to its ease of dissemination by aerosol, causing high mortality with the potential for a major public health impact.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Francisella tularensis.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

francium

Francium. A radioactive alkali metal with the atomic symbol Fr, atomic number 87, and atomic weight 223. The mass numbers of other known isotopes are 204-213, 217-222, and 224. Its valence is +1.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Rhamnus

A plant genus of the family RHAMNACEAE. Several species have been reclassified to the FRANGULA genus. It is often called buckthorn but should not be confused with other plants called that.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

podvod

Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

volné asociace

Spontaneous verbalization of whatever comes to mind.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

volné radikály

Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.
MSH

chemicals whose molecular or ionic structure includes an unpaired (“free”) electron, usually conferring high reactivity; in biological systems, most free radicals contain oxygen (prefer FREE RADICAL OXYGEN).
CSP

A type of unstable molecule that is made during normal cell metabolism (chemical changes that take place in a cell). Free radicals can build up in cells and cause damage to other molecules, such as DNA, lipids, and proteins. This damage may increase the risk of cancer and other diseases.
NCI

Molecules or atoms with at least one unpaired or `free` electron in the outermost electron shell. Chemically unstable, free radicals stabilize themselves by appropriating an electron from a nearby molecule, thereby damaging that molecule by altering the electron number in its outermost electron shell. By-products of both normal cell processes and environmental toxin exposure, oxygen free-radicals in high concentrations may damage DNA, proteins, and lipids, thereby increasing the risk for various diseases including cancer. (NCI04)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

svoboda

The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

freemartinismus

A condition occurring in the female offspring of dizygotic twins (TWIN, DIZYGOTIC) in a mixed-sex pregnancy, usually in CATTLE. Freemartinism can occur in other mammals. When placental fusion between the male and the female FETUSES permits the exchange of fetal cells and fetal hormones, TESTICULAR HORMONES from the male fetus can androgenize the female fetus producing a sterile XX/XY chimeric “female”(CHIMERISM).
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lyofilizace

Method of tissue preparation in which the tissue specimen is frozen and then dehydrated at low temperature in a high vacuum. This method is also used for dehydrating pharmaceutical and food products.
MSH

creating a stable preparation of a biological substance by rapid freezing and dehydration of the frozen product under high vacuum.
CSP

A method used to dry substances, such as food, to make them last longer. The substance is frozen and then dried in a vacuum.
NCI

A dehydration process typically used to preserve a perishable material. The specimen is frozen and then dehydrated at low temperature in a high vacuum.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

leptání mrazem

A replica technique in which cells are frozen to a very low temperature and cracked with a knife blade to expose the interior surfaces of the cells or cell membranes. The cracked cell surfaces are then freeze-dried to expose their constituents. The surfaces are now ready for shadowing to be viewed using an electron microscope. This method differs from freeze-fracturing in that no cryoprotectant is used and, thus, allows for the sublimation of water during the freeze-drying process to etch the surfaces.
MSH

freezing of specimens and then cutting them along natural planes to prepare them for examination under an electron microscope; in freeze fracture, carbon replicas are prepared of the complementary surfaces.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

lámání mrazem

Preparation for electron microscopy of minute replicas of exposed surfaces of the cell which have been ruptured in the frozen state. The specimen is frozen, then cleaved under high vacuum at the same temperature. The exposed surface is shadowed with carbon and platinum and coated with carbon to obtain a carbon replica.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

zmrazování

Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
MSH

conversion of a liquid into a solid by the removal of heat from it; for a given pressure, this occurs at a fixed temperature in a pure substance.
CSP

The act or event which causes the transition from a liquid to solid matter phase.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Francouzská Guyana

A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)
MSH

A country in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

French Polynesia

An archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from South America to Australia. (NCI)
NCI

An archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from South America to Australia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Vers diepgevroren plasma

The plasma that is separated from the whole blood and frozen quickly after a blood donation in order to be used for blood transfusions.
NCI

Freshly frozen PLASMA after the removal of PLATELETS.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

sladká voda

Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Freudova teorie

Philosophic formulations which are basic to psychoanalysis. Some of the conceptual theories developed were of the libido, repression, regression, transference, id, ego, superego, Oedipus Complex, etc.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Freundovo adjuvans

An antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil. The complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually M. tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase. It is effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity (IMMUNITY, CELLULAR) and potentiates the production of certain IMMUNOGLOBULINS in some animals. The incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.
MSH

antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil; the complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase, effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity and potentiating the production of immunoglobulins in some animals; the incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Friedreichova ataxie

An autosomal recessive disease, usually of childhood onset, characterized pathologically by degeneration of the spinocerebellar tracts, posterior columns, and to a lesser extent the corticospinal tracts. Clinical manifestations include GAIT ATAXIA, pes cavus, speech impairment, lateral curvature of spine, rhythmic head tremor, kyphoscoliosis, congestive heart failure (secondary to a cardiomyopathy), and lower extremity weakness. Most forms of this condition are associated with a mutation in a gene on chromosome 9, at band q13, which codes for the mitochondrial protein frataxin. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1081; N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75) The severity of Friedreich ataxia associated with expansion of GAA repeats in the first intron of the frataxin gene correlates with the number of trinucleotide repeats. (From Durr et al, N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75)
MSH

inherited disease with degenerative changes in the dorsal half of spinal cord and cerebellum; characterized by ataxia of extremities and trunk, speech impairment, and lateral curvature of the spine.
CSP

Friedreich`s ataxia is an inherited disease that damages your nervous system. The damage affects your spinal cord and the nerves that control muscle movement in your arms and legs. Symptoms usually begin between the ages of 5 and 15. The main symptom is ataxia, which means trouble coordinating movements. Specific symptoms include

  • Difficulty walking
  • Muscle weakness
  • Speech problems
  • Involuntary eye movements
  • Scoliosis
  • Heart palpitations

People with Friedreich`s ataxia usually need a wheelchair 15 to 20 years after symptoms first appear. In severe cases, people become incapacitated. There is no cure. You can treat symptoms with medicines, braces, surgery and physical therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

An autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the FXN gene. It is characterized by progressive degeneration of the nerve tissues of the spinal cord. The main symptoms include gait and balance disturbances, lack of limb coordination, and speech disturbances.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

virus myší leukémie Friendové

causes malignant reticulopathy in mice.
CSP

A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
MSH

A murine leukemia virus producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

čelní kost

The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

čelní lalok

The anterior part of the cerebral hemisphere.
MSH

Frontal lobe is the anterior-most of five lobes of the cerebral hemisphere. It is bounded by the central sulcus on its posterior border and by the longitudinal cerebral fissure on its medial border.
FMA

The part of the brain located anterior to the parietal lobes at the front of each cerebral hemisphere. (NCI)
NCI

The part of the brain located anterior to the parietal lobes at the front of each cerebral hemisphere.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

sinus frontalis

One of the paired, but seldom symmetrical, air spaces located between the inner and outer compact layers of the FRONTAL BONE in the forehead.
MSH

The paired, mucosal lined air spaces located above the orbit and communicating with the nasal passages. (NCI)
NCI

A type of paranasal sinus (a hollow space in the bones around the nose). There are two, large frontal sinuses in the frontal bone, which forms the lower part of the forehead and reaches over the eye sockets and eyebrows. The frontal sinuses are lined with cells that make mucus to keep the nose from drying out.
NCI

The paired, mucosal lined air spaces located above the orbit and communicating with the nasal passages.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

sinusitis frontalis

Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in the FRONTAL SINUS. In many cases, it is caused by an infection of the bacteria STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE or HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

omrzlina

Damage to tissues as the result of low environmental temperatures.
MSH

Frostbite is an injury to the body that is caused by freezing. It most often affects the nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers, or toes. Frostbite can permanently damage the body, and severe cases can lead to amputation.

Signs of frostbite include

  • A white or grayish-yellow skin area
  • Skin that feels unusually firm or waxy
  • Numbness

If you have symptoms of frostbite, seek medical care. But if immediate medical care isn`t available, here are steps to take:

  • Get into a warm room as soon as possible.
  • Unless absolutely necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes. Walking increases the damage.
  • Put the affected area in warm – not hot – water.
  • You can also warm the affected area using body heat. For example, use your armpit to warm frostbitten fingers.
  • Don`t rub the frostbitten area with snow or massage it at all. This can cause more damage.
  • Don`t use a heating pad, heat lamp, or the heat of a stove, fireplace, or radiator for warming. Since frostbite makes an area numb, you could burn it.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

Damage to tissues as the result of low environmental temperatures. (MeSH)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Frotérství

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving touching the genitals of or rubbing the genitals against a nonconsenting person.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

zmrazené řezy

Thinly cut sections of frozen tissue specimens prepared with a cryostat or freezing microtome.
MSH

A thin slice of tissue cut from a frozen specimen, often used for rapid microscopic diagnosis.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…