Additional pages

SOS odpověď (genetika)

An error-prone mechanism or set of functions for repairing damaged microbial DNA. SOS functions (a concept reputedly derived from the SOS of the international distress signal) are involved in DNA repair and mutagenesis, in cell division inhibition, in recovery of normal physiological conditions after DNA repair, and possibly in cell death when DNA damage is extensive.
MSH

An error-prone process for repairing damaged microbial DNA. [GOC:jl, PMID:16000023]
GO

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sotalol

An adrenergic beta-antagonist that is used in the treatment of life-threatening arrhythmias.
MSH

An ethanolamine derivative with Class III antiarrhythmic and antihypertensive properties. Sotalol is a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor and potassium channel antagonist. In the heart, this agent inhibits chronotropic and inotropic effects thereby slowing the heart rate and decreasing myocardial contractility. This agent also reduces sinus rate, slows conduction in the atria and in the atrioventricular (AV) node and increases the functional refractory period of the AV node.
NCI

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zvuk

A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
MSH

effect produced on the organ of hearing and its central connections by the vibrations or air or other media; or, mechanical radiant energy and the motion of particles of the material medium through which it travels, providing the stimulus for the subjective sensation of hearing.
CSP

Mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium; the subjective sensation of hearing something; an audible event.
NCI

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zvuk – lokalizace

Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.
MSH

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zvuková spektrografie

The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
MSH

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Jižní Afrika

A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Jižní Amerika

South America is a continent of the western hemisphere with most of its area in the southern hemisphere. It is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean and is attached at the north to North America by the Isthmus of Panama.
NCI

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Jižní Austrálie

A state in south central Australia. Its capital is Adelaide. It was probably first visited by F. Thyssen in 1627. Later discoveries in 1802 and 1830 opened up the southern part. It became a British province in 1836 with this self-descriptive name and became a state in 1901. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1135)
MSH

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South Carolina

A state in the mid-atlantic United States. Its capital is Columbia.
NCI

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South Dakota

A state in the northern midwest United States. Its capital is Pierre.
NCI

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jihovýchodní Spojené státy

The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
MSH

The area in the United States comprised of the following states: Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama and Mississippi. (from SEERS 2004 codeset)
NCI

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jihozápadní Spojené státy

The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
MSH

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sójový olej

Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
MSH

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sójové boby

An annual legume or the seeds of this plant.
MSH

A product from a plant of Asian origin that produces beans used in many food products. Soybean contains isoflavones (estrogen-like substances) that are being studied for the prevention of cancer, hot flashes that occur with menopause, and osteoporosis (loss of bone density). Soybean in the diet may lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
NCI

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kosmický let

Travel beyond the earth`s atmosphere.
MSH

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prostor – percepce

The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
MSH

awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
CSP

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časoprostorové shlukování

A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.
MSH

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Španělsko

Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
MSH

A country in Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Spain


HL7V3.0

A country in Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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sparganóza

Infection of animals, including fish and man, with a developmental stage of Diphyllobothrium. This stage has recently been referred to as a plerocercoid but the name sparganum has persisted. Therefore, infection of fish or other animals with the plerocercoid larvae is sparganosis. Fish-eating mammals, including man, are the final hosts.
MSH

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Sparganum

The larval form of the diphyllobothriid tapeworms of the genus DIPHYLLOBOTHRIUM and SPIROMETRA. Fish-eating mammals and man are the final hosts.
MSH

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sparsomycin

An antitumor antibiotic produced by Streptomyces sparsogenes. It inhibits protein synthesis in 70S and 80S ribosomal systems.
MSH

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spartein

A quinolizidine alkaloid isolated from several FABACEAE including LUPINUS; SPARTIUM; and CYTISUS. It has been used as an oxytocic and an anti-arrhythmia agent. It has also been of interest as an indicator of CYP2D6 genotype.
MSH

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spasmus

An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.
MSH

a sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles, attended by pain and interference with function, producing involuntary movement and distortion.
CSP

A sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
NCI

A sudden contraction of a muscle or group of muscles, such as a cramp.
NCI

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spasmolytika

agent that relieves spasm, usually of smooth muscles as in arteries, bronchi, intestine, bile duct, or ureters, but also of voluntary muscle.
CSP

Any agent that prevents or relieves muscle spasms, mainly ones originating from smooth muscle contractions of the stomach, bladder and intestines.
NCI

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křeče u dětí

An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor or extensor movements of the head, trunk, and limbs. The condition is divided into two forms: cryptogenic (idiopathic) and symptomatic (secondary to a known disease process such as intrauterine infections; nervous system abnormalities; BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC, INBORN; prematurity; perinatal asphyxia; TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS; etc.). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp744-8)
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in the PLA2G6 gene. It is characterized by the development of swellings called spheroids along the axons of the central nervous system. Signs and symptoms appear early in life and include movement difficulties, muscle hypotonia and spasticity, and dementia.
NCI

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paraparéza spastická

Mild or moderate loss of motor function accompanied by spasticity in the lower extremities. This condition is a manifestation of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES that cause injury to the motor cortex or descending motor pathways.
MSH

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spastická paraplegie dědičná

A group of inherited diseases that share similar phenotypes but are genetically diverse. Different genetic loci for autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant, and x-linked forms of hereditary spastic paraplegia have been identified. Clinically, patients present with slowly progressive distal limb weakness and lower extremity spasticity. Peripheral sensory neurons may be affected in the later stages of the disease. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Jan;64(1):61-6; Curr Opin Neurol 1997 Aug;10(4):313-8)
MSH

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prostorové chování

Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.
MSH

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specializace

An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.
MSH

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obory zubního lékařství

Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
MSH

A branch of dentistry requiring advanced study.
NCI

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