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obory lékařské

Various branches of medical practice limited to specialized areas.
MSH

The branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques.
NCI

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obory ošetřovatelské

Various branches of nursing practice limited to specialized areas.
MSH

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obory chirurgické

Various branches of surgical practice limited to specialized areas.
MSH

The branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures.
NCI

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specializační komise

Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.
MSH

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druhová specificita

The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
MSH

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Speciesisme

The theory that there is a morally relevant distinction between humans and nonhuman species. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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specifická hmotnost

The ratio of the density of a material to the density of some standard material, such as water or air, at a specified temperature.
MSH

The density (mass per unit volume) of any material divided by that of water at a standard temperature.
NCI

A ratio of the density of a fluid to the density of water.
NCI

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organismy bez specifických patogenů

Animals or humans raised in the absence of a particular disease-causing virus or other microorganism. Less frequently plants are cultivated pathogen-free.
NCI

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biologický materiál – odběr a zpracování

Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
MSH

The process of preparing a sample or portion of a sample for storage, preservation, or further analysis.
NCI

A procedure or treatment performed on a specimen to prepare it for analysis


HL7V3.0

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spektrin

A high molecular weight (220-250 kDa) water-soluble protein which can be extracted from erythrocyte ghosts in low ionic strength buffers. The protein contains no lipids or carbohydrates, is the predominant species of peripheral erythrocyte membrane proteins, and exists as a fibrous coating on the inner, cytoplasmic surface of the membrane.
MSH

large, rod-shaped, loosely associated membrane protein of erythrocytes, neurons, and other cells, which links the cell membrane to the cytoskeleton.
CSP

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spektrometrie fluorescenční

Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.
MSH

measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence
CSP

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spektrometrie gama

Determination of the energy distribution of gamma rays emitted by nuclei. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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spektrometrie rentgenová emisní

The spectrometric analysis of fluorescent X-RAYS, i.e. X-rays emitted after bombarding matter with high energy particles such as PROTONS; ELECTRONS; or higher energy X-rays. Identification of ELEMENTS by this technique is based on the specific type of X-rays that are emitted which are characteristic of the specific elements in the material being analyzed. The characteristic X-rays are distinguished and/or quantified by either wavelength dispersive or energy dispersive methods.
MSH

A spectrometric method that determines the type and concentration of elements or chemicals in a sample, based upon the principle that each element emits fluorescent light of a particular wavelength when exposed to an X-ray.
NCI

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spektrofotometrie

The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
MSH

Spectrophotometry


HL7V3.0

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spektrofotometrie atomová absorpční

spectrophotometric techniques in which the samples are examined in the form of atoms based on their unique energy levels for electrons; particularly used to analyze trace elements.
CSP

A spectrometric method that determines the type and concentration of metal elements in a sample, based upon the principle that each elemental metal absorbs a particular wavelength of ultraviolet light when exposed to heat.
NCI

Spectrophotometry, Atomic Absorption


HL7V3.0

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spektrofotometrie infračervená

Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

a powerful method for analyzing substances whether solids, liquids or gases; deals with transitions between vibrational energy levels in molecules, and is therefore also called vibrational spectroscopy; an IR spectrum is generally displayed as a plot of the energy of the infrared radiation (expressed either in microns or wavenumbers) versus the percent of light transmitted by the compound.
CSP

A spectrometric method that determines the type and concentration of elements or chemicals in a sample, based upon the principle that the atoms in a sample will vibrate or rotate at a specific frequency when exposed to infrared light.
NCI

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spektrofotometrie ultrafialová

Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids.
CSP

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spektroskopie Mossbauerova

A spectroscopic technique which uses the Mossbauer effect (inelastic scattering of gamma radiation resulting from interaction with heavy nuclei) to monitor the small variations in the interaction between an atomic nucleus and its environment. Such variations may be induced by changes in temperature, pressure, chemical state, molecular conformation, molecular interaction, or physical site. It is particularly useful for studies of structure-activity relationship in metalloproteins, mobility of heavy metals, and the state of whole tissue and cell membranes.
MSH

measurement and analysis in crystalline solids of small shifts in nuclear energy levels that correspond to gamma ray emission and resonant reabsorption frequencies; energy is added to the system through the Doppler effect; used especially in study of tin and iron compounds.
CSP

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spektrální analýza

The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

Image where signals are identified and separated according to their frequencies, e.g., to identify individual chemicals, or individual nuclei in a chemical compound.
NCI

The study of the amount of light that is taken up, given off, or scattered (reflected) by an object. Spectroscopy breaks down light and measures different wavelengths of visible and non-visible light. In medicine, different types of spectroscopy are being used to study tissues and to help make a diagnosis.
NCI

The technique of measuring the emission and absorption of different wavelengths (spectra) of visible and non-visible light. This can be done via a spectroscope, which consists of a slit, prism, collimator lens, object lens, and a grating.
NCI

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hmotnostní spektrometrie

identification of a substance by sorting a stream of ions according to their mass; commonly by deflecting the stream of charged particles in a magnetic field.
CSP

An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
MSH

An analytical technique wherein ions are separate according to their ratio of charge to mass. From the mass spectrum produced, the atomic weight of the particle can be deduced.
NCI

An analytical technique wherein ions are separate according to their ratio of charge to mass. From the mass spectrum produced, the atomic weight of the particle can be deduced. (North American Lake Management Society Lake Word Glossary)
NCI

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spektrální analýza Ramanova

analysis of the intensity of Raman scattering of monochromatic light as a function of frequency of the scattered light.
CSP

Emission of electromagnetic energy with a shorter frequency (longer wavelength) than that of the incident monochromatic light. Arises from the low probability absorption of quanta with a higher energy than that required for a transition: the difference in energy is emitted as a lower frequency (energy) photon. Allows analysis of vibrational and rotational energy levels using visible incident light.
NCI

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lékařské zrcátko

An instrument used to widen an opening of the body to make it easier to look inside.
NCI

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řeč

Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
MSH

communication of ideas through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
CSP

The exchange of spoken words.
NCI

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řeč – akustika

The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.
MSH

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řeč – artikulační testy

Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
MSH

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řeč – diskriminační testy

Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
MSH

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FONAZIOAREN PERTURBAZIOA

acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
CSP

A term referring to disorders characterized by the disruption of normal speech. It includes stuttering, lisps, dysarthria and voice disorders.
NCI

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řeč – srozumitelnost

Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.
MSH

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řeč a jazyk – patologie

The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.
MSH

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řeč – percepce

The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
MSH

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