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arteria lienalis

The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.
MSH

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slezina – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the spleen.
CSP

Your spleen is an organ above your stomach and under your ribs on your left side. It is about as big as your fist. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. Your spleen also helps control the amount of blood in your body, and destroys old and damaged cells.

Certain diseases might cause your spleen to swell. You can also damage or rupture your spleen in an injury, especially if it is already swollen. If your spleen is too damaged, you might need surgery to remove it. You can live without a spleen. Other organs, such as your liver, will take over some of the spleen`s work. Without a spleen, however, your body will lose some of its ability to fight infections.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder of the spleen.
NCI

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the spleen. Examples include infection, hemangioma, lymphoma, leukemia and angiosarcoma.
NCI

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infarkt sleziny

Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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slezina – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the SPLEEN.
MSH

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vena lienalis

Vein formed by the union (at the hilus of the spleen) of several small veins from the stomach, pancreas, spleen and mesentery.
MSH

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ESPLENOMEGALIA

enlargement of the spleen.
CSP

Enlarged spleen.
NCI

Abnormal enlargement of the spleen.
NCI

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splenorenální zkrat chirurgický

Anastomosis of splenic vein to renal vein to relieve portal hypertension.
MSH

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dlahy

Rigid or flexible appliances used to maintain in position a displaced or movable part or to keep in place and protect an injured part. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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spondylitida

Inflammation of the SPINE. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.
MSH

inflammation of the vertebrae; includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.
CSP

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spondylitida ankylózující

A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the axial joints, such as the SACROILIAC JOINT and other intervertebral or costovertebral joints. It occurs predominantly in young males and is characterized by pain and stiffness of joints (ANKYLOSIS) with inflammation at tendon insertions.
MSH

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis of the spine. It causes swelling between your vertebrae, which are the disks that make up your spine, and in the joints between your spine and pelvis. Ankylosing spondylitis is an immune disease. The disease is more common and more severe in men. It often runs in families.

Early symptoms include back pain and stiffness. These problems often start in late adolescence or early adulthood. Over time, ankylosing spondylitis can fuse your vertebrae together, limiting movement. Symptoms can worsen or improve or stop altogether. The disease has no cure, but medicines can relieve the pain, swelling and other symptoms. Exercise can also help.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease


MEDLINEPLUS

An autoimmune chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by inflammation in the vertebral joints of the spine and sacroiliac joints. It predominantly affects young males. Patients present with stiffness and pain in the spine.
NCI

chronic inflammation of the spine and the low back bone joint
CHV

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spondylolistéza

Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
MSH

forward displacement of one vertebra over another
CHV

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spondylolýza

Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
MSH

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spondylóza

A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.
MSH

degeneration of the spinal bone where spinal columns are fused and immobilized
CHV

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spondylosis deformans

A form of spondylosis involving the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, including both the annulus and the nucleus of the disk. It is usually the consequence of normal aging.
MSH

chronic inflammation of the spine and the low back bone joint
CHV

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spory bakterií a nižších rostlin

The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
MSH

a small, usually unicellular, reproductive body from which a new organism arises; produced by some plants (ferns and mosses), fungi, bacteria, and protozoa.
CSP

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spory bakteriální

Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
MSH

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spory hub

Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.
MSH

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sporidesminy

A group of related mycotoxins produced by the pasture fungus Pithomyces chartarum (formerly Sporidesmium bakeri); causes liver damage and facial eczema in cattle and sheep.
MSH

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sporotrichóza

The commonest and least serious of the deep mycoses, characterized by nodular lesions of the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. It is caused by inhalation of contaminated dust or by infection of a wound.
MSH

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Sporothrix

A mitosporic Ophiostomataceae fungal genus, whose species Sporothrix schenckii is a well-known animal pathogen. The conidia of this soil fungus may be inhaled causing a primary lung infection, or may infect independently via skin punctures.
MSH

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sporty

Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
MSH

An active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition. (WordNet)
NCI

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tělovýchovné lékařství

The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
MSH

branch of medicine concerned with assessment and improvement of fitness and the treatment and prevention of medical disorders related to sports.
CSP

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manželský partner – zneužití

Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.
MSH

repeated deliberate injury inflicted by one spouse on the other.
CSP

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distorze

A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.
MSH

A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint. Falling, twisting, or getting hit can all cause a sprain. Ankle and wrist sprains are common. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising and being unable to move your joint. You might feel a pop or tear when the injury happens.

A strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that connect muscle to bone. Twisting or pulling these tissues can cause a strain. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over time. Back and hamstring muscle strains are common. Many people get strains playing sports. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms, swelling and trouble moving the muscle.

At first, treatment of both sprains and strains usually involves resting the injured area, icing it, wearing a bandage or device that compresses the area, and medicines. Later treatment might include exercise and physical therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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šířící se kortikální deprese

depression of normal electrical rhythms recorded from cerebral cortex, spreading outward from an area of stimulation or cortical damage; rate of spread closely approximates the visual aura of a migraine.
CSP

The decrease in neuronal activity (related to a decrease in metabolic demand) extending from the site of cortical stimulation. It is believed to be responsible for the decrease in cerebral blood flow that accompanies the aura of MIGRAINE WITH AURA. (Campbell`s Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
MSH

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sprue tropická

A chronic malabsorption syndrome, occurring mainly in residents of or visitors to the tropics or subtropics. The failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of nutrients from the SMALL INTESTINE results in MALNUTRITION and ANEMIA that is due to FOLIC ACID deficiency.
MSH

chronic malabsorption syndrome occuring mainly in residents of or visitors to the tropics or subtropics; failed intestinal absorption of nutrients results in malnutrition and anemia due to folate deficiency.
CSP

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sputum

Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
MSH

mucus material produced by the cells lining the respiratory tract.
CSP

Material containing mucus, cellular debris, microorganisms and sometimes blood or pus. It is ejected through the mouth from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea. (NCI)
NCI

Material containing mucus, cellular debris, microorganisms and sometimes blood or pus. It is ejected through the mouth from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea.
NCI

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skvalen

a hexamethyl, hexaene C(30) aliphatic terpene found in sebum and liver, where it is a cholesterol precursor.
CSP

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oliheň

marine cephalopod employed in neurophysiological studies primarily because its unusually large motor axons are amenable to macroscopic experimental manipulations.
CSP

Common name for different ten-armed cephalopod mollusks in numerous families, in the superorder DECAPODIFORMES. It includes the squid as food.
MSH

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geny src

Retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (src) originally isolated from the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV). The proto-oncogene src (c-src) codes for a protein that is a member of the tyrosine kinase family and was the first proto-oncogene identified in the human genome. The human c-src gene is located at 20q12-13 on the long arm of chromosome 20.
MSH

A family of genes that encode structurally similar non-receptor tyrosine kinases that play a role in intracellular signaling. Mutation of genes in this family is associated with cancer.
NCI

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