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žaludek – divertikl

Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the wall of the STOMACH.
MSH

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nádory žaludku

Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
MSH

new abnormal gastric tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving the stomach.
NCI

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žaludek – ruptura

Bursting of the STOMACH.
MSH

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žaludeční vředy

Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
MSH

A disorder characterized by a circumscribed, inflammatory and necrotic erosive lesion on the mucosal surface of the stomach.
NCI

An ulcerated lesion in the mucosal surface of the stomach. It may progress to involve the deeper layers of the gastric wall.
NCI

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žaludek – volvulus

Twisting of the STOMACH that may result in gastric ISCHEMIA and GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION. It is often associated with DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA.
MSH

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stomatitida

INFLAMMATION of the soft tissues of the MOUTH, such as MUCOSA; PALATE; GINGIVA; and LIP.
MSH

inflammation of the oral mucosa due to local or systemic factors.
CSP

Inflammation or irritation of the mucous membranes in the mouth.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the oral mucosal.
NCI

inflammation of the mucous tissue of the mouth
CHV

Inflammation of the oral mucosa due to local or systemic factors.
NCI

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stomatitida aftózní

A recurrent disease of the oral mucosa of unknown etiology. It is characterized by small white ulcerative lesions, single or multiple, round or oval. Two to eight crops of lesions occur per year, lasting for 7 to 14 days and then heal without scarring. (From Jablonski`s Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p742)
MSH

recurrent disease of the oral mucosa of unknown etiology, characterized by small white ulcerative lesions lasting 7 to 14 days.
CSP

A recurrent disease of the oral mucosa of unknown etiology. It is characterized by small white ulcerative lesions, single or multiple, round or oval, lasting for 7-14 days and healing without scarring.
NCI

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stomatitida vyvolaná protézou

Inflammation of the mouth due to denture irritation.
MSH

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stomatitida herpetická

Stomatitis caused by Herpesvirus hominis. It usually occurs as acute herpetic stomatitis (or gingivostomatitis), an oral manifestation of primary herpes simplex seen primarily in children and adolescents.
MSH

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stomatologické nemoci

General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
MSH

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ústní a čelistní systém

The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.
MSH

Functional system which consists of structures involved in speech and in the receiving, mastication, and deglutition of food.
FMA

The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech. (MeSH)
NCI

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ESTRABISMOA

Misalignment of the visual axes of the eyes. In comitant strabismus the degree of ocular misalignment does not vary with the direction of gaze. In noncomitant strabismus the degree of misalignment varies depending on direction of gaze or which eye is fixating on the target. (Miller, Walsh & Hoyt`s Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p641)
MSH

Strabismus is the intermittent or constant misalignment of an eye so that its line of vision is not pointed at the same object as the other eye. Strabismus is caused by an imbalance in the extraocular muscles which control the positioning of the eyes. Strabismus is normal in newborns but should resolve by the time the baby is 6 months old. In older children with strabismus, the brain may learn to ignore the input from one eye, and this may lead to amblyopia, a potentially permanent decrease in vision in that eye if not corrected.
NCI

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Datura stramonium

A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.
MSH

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drogy prodávané na ulici

Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
MSH

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Streptobacillus

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that require SERUM; ASCITIC FLUID; or BLOOD for growth. Its organisms inhabit the THROAT; and NASOPHARYNX of wild and laboratory rats and cause one form of RAT-BITE FEVER in man.
MSH

A genus of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacterium in the phylum Fusobacteria and the family Fusobacteriaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Streptobacillus genus level.
NCI

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Streptococcaceae

A family of gram-positive non-sporing bacteria including many parasitic, pathogenic, and saprophytic forms.
MSH

A taxonomic family of Gram positive bacterium in the phylum Firmicutes that includes the genera Lactococcus and Streptococcus, among others.
NCI

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streptokoky – infekce

infections with bacteria of the genus Streptococcus.
CSP

Streptococcal infections (strep for short) cause a variety of health problems. There are two types: group A and group B. Antibiotics are used to treat both.

Group A strep causes

  • Strep throat – a sore, red throat, sometimes with white spots on the tonsils
  • Scarlet fever – red rash on the body
  • Impetigo – a skin infection
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease)

Group B strep can cause blood infections, pneumonia and meningitis in newborns. A screening test during pregnancy can tell if you have it. If you do, I.V. antibiotics during labor can save your baby`s life. Adults can also get group B strep infections, especially if they are elderly or already have health problems. Strep B can cause urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections and pneumonia in adults.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Any of the several infectious disorders caused by members of streptococcus, a genus of gram positive bacteria belonging to the family Streptococcaceae. Streptococcal infections are classified into Groups A, B, C, D and G.
NCI

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Streptococcus

genus of gram positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains; no endospores are produced; many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic; a few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
CSP

A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
MSH

A genus of Gram-positive bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes and the lactic acid bacteria group.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Streptococcus genus level.
NCI

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Enterococcus faecalis

A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Enterococcus faecalis.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is catalase positive, oxidase negative, ferments citrate, does not ferment arabinose or melibiose, reduces tetrazolium and is a lactic acid bacteria. E. faecalis is a leading agent of nosocomial infections in humans.
NCI

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Lactococcus lactis

A non-pathogenic species of LACTOCOCCUS found in DAIRY PRODUCTS and responsible for the souring of MILK and the production of LACTIC ACID.
MSH

A species of Gram positive, cocci shaped, lactic acid bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This species is nonmotile, catalase negative, nonsporulating and produces lactic acid from lactose fermentation. L lactis may be an opportunistic pathogen in humans and animals. Most significantly this microorganism is used commercially in the production of buttermilk and cheese.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Lactococcus lactis.
NCI

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Streptococcus mutans

polysaccharide producing species of Streptococcus isolated from human dental plaque.
CSP

A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
MSH

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Streptococcus pneumoniae

gram positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.
CSP

A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.
MSH

A Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic diplococcus aerotolerant anaerobe Streptococcus species.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Streptococcus pneumoniae.
NCI

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Streptococcus pyogenes

species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans; it is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause scarlet fever and rheumatic fever; virulent strains penetrate deep into the body, with catastrophic results; it has been demonstrated that invasive streptococcus A infections can trigger a toxic shock syndrome, myositis, or destroy the sheath that covers the muscle, necrotizing fasciitis.
CSP

A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans. It is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause SCARLET FEVER and RHEUMATIC FEVER.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is beta hemolytic, Lancefield group A, pyrrolidonylarylamidase, and arginine deaminase positive and catalase negative. It can ferment salicin, rhamnose, and trehalose but not sorbitol, or ribose. S. pyogenes is found on normal human skin but can act as a pathogen causing streptococcal pharyngitis, acute rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, skin infections, acute glomerulonephritis and necrotizing fasciitis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Streptococcus pyogenes.
NCI

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Streptococcus sanguis

gram positive organism found in dental plaque, in blood, on heart valves in subacute endocarditis, and infrequently in saliva and throat specimens;. L-forms are associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis.
CSP

A gram-positive organism found in dental plaque, in blood, on heart valves in subacute endocarditis, and infrequently in saliva and throat specimens. L-forms are associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is alpha hemolytic, arginine deaminase positive, hydrolysis esculin, and urease and catalase negative. It can ferment inulin and trehalose but not mannitol, sorbitol, or raffinose. S. sanguinis is found in the normal oral flora of humans and is a pathogen that can cause dental caries, and endocarditis after dental injury.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Streptococcus sanguinis.
NCI

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streptodornasa a streptokinasa

A mixture of the enzymes (streptokinase and streptodornase) produced by hemolytic streptococci. It is used topically on surface lesions and by instillation in closed body cavities to remove clotted blood or fibrinous or purulent accumulations. It is also used as a skin test antigen in evaluating generalized cell-mediated immunodeficiency. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC 3.-.
MSH

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streptokinasa

Streptococcal fibrinolysin . An enzyme produced by hemolytic streptococci. It hydrolyzes amide linkages and serves as an activator of plasminogen. It is used in thrombolytic therapy and is used also in mixtures with streptodornase (STREPTODORNASE AND STREPTOKINASE). EC 3.4.-.
MSH

nonEC; enzyme elaborated by hemolytic streptococci which produces fibrinolysis by activating plasminogen to plasmin; it is used as a thrombolytic agent.
CSP

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streptolysiny

Exotoxins produced by certain strains of streptococci, particularly those of group A (STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES), that cause HEMOLYSIS.
MSH

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Streptomyces

genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium; many species have been identified with some being pathogenic; this genus is responsible for producing a majority of the antibacterial agents of practical value.
CSP

A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.
MSH

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Streptomyces genus level.
NCI

A genus of Gram-positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria that contains over 500 separate species. Streptomyces spp. produce over 60% of all clinically relevant antibiotics, including antibacterial and antifungal agents.
NCI

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Streptomyces antibioticus

An actinomycete from which the antibiotic OLEANDOMYCIN is obtained.
MSH

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Streptomyces aureofaciens

An actinomycete from which the antibiotic CHLORTETRACYCLINE is obtained.
MSH

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