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fungální vakcíny

Suspensions of attenuated or killed fungi administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious fungal disease.
MSH

suspensions of attenuated or killed fungi or their antigenic derivatives capable of inducing an immune response; administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious fungal disease.
CSP

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Fungi

heterotrophic, multicellular organisms made up of filamentous cells; cells have chitin walls; no chlorophyll; saprophytic or parasitic types; sexual or asexual spore formation; terrestrial or aquatic.
CSP

A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
MSH

A plant-like organism that does not make chlorophyll. Mushrooms, yeasts, and molds are examples. The plural is fungi.
NCI

A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live as saprobes or parasites, including mushrooms, yeasts, smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies (mushrooms and molds).
NCI

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hrudník vpáčený

A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.
MSH

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furagin

Nitrofuran derivative anti-infective agent used for urinary tract infections.
MSH

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furany

Compounds with a 5-membered ring of four carbons and an oxygen. They are aromatic heterocycles. The reduced form is tetrahydrofuran.
MSH

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furazolidon

A nitrofuran derivative with antiprotozoal and antibacterial activity. Furazolidone acts by gradual inhibition of monoamine oxidase. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p514)
MSH

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Furocoumarins

linear furanocoumarins found in many plants; they can intercalate DNA and, in an UV-initiated reaction of the furan portion, alkylate pyrimidines, resulting in photosensitivity.
CSP

The most prominent linear type of furocoumarin is PSORALEN. An example of the angular type of furocoumarin is angelicin. In plants, they derive from mevalonic acid addition to umbelliferone and subsequent cyclization.
MSH

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furosemid

A benzoic-sulfonamide-furan. It is a diuretic with fast onset and short duration that is used for EDEMA and chronic RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
MSH

sulfamyl saluretic and diuretic; has a fast onset and short duration of action and is used in edema and chronic renal insufficiency.
CSP

a drug used as a diuretic
CHV

An anthranilic derivative and loop diuretic with antihypertensive effect. Furosemide blocks the Na-K-Cl cotransporter (NKCC) in the luminal membrane of the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle in the kidney, by binding to the Cl-binding site located in the cotransporter`s transmembrane domain, thereby inhibiting reabsorption of sodium, chloride, potassium ions and water. This agent reduces plasma and extracellular fluid volume resulting in decreased blood pressure and cardiac output. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39247&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39247&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C515″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An anthranilic derivative and loop diuretic with antihypertensive effect. Furosemide blocks the Na-K-Cl cotransporter (NKCC) in the luminal membrane of the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle in the kidney, by binding to the Cl-binding site located in the cotransporter`s transmembrane domain, thereby inhibiting reabsorption of sodium, chloride, potassium ions and water. This agent reduces plasma and extracellular fluid volume resulting in decreased blood pressure and cardiac output.
NCI

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fursultiamin

Compound used for therapy of thiamine deficiency. It has also been suggested for several non-deficiency disorders but has not yet proven useful.
MSH

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furunkulóza

A persistent skin infection marked by the presence of furuncles, often chronic and recurrent. In humans, the causative agent is various species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS. In salmonid fish (SALMONIDS), the pathogen is AEROMONAS SALMONICIDA.
MSH

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furylfuramid

Used formerly as antimicrobial food additive. It causes mutations in many cell cultures and may be carcinogenic.
MSH

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kyselina fusarová

A picolinic acid derivative isolated from various Fusarium species. It has been proposed for a variety of therapeutic applications but is primarily used as a research tool. Its mechanisms of action are poorly understood. It probably inhibits DOPAMINE BETA-HYDROXYLASE, the enzyme that converts dopamine to norepinephrine. It may also have other actions, including the inhibition of cell proliferation and DNA synthesis.
MSH

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Fusarium

mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates.
CSP

A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.
MSH

A genus of filamentous fungi in the phylum Ascomycota that is widely distributed in soil and in association with plants.
NCI

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zuby spojené

Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
MSH

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kyselina fusidová

An antibiotic isolated from the fermentation broth of Fusidium coccineum. (From Merck Index, 11th ed). It acts by inhibiting translocation during protein synthesis.
MSH

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Fusobacterium

genus in the phylum Fusobacteria of gram negative, anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals; no endospores are formed; some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals. No endospores are formed. Some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.
MSH

A genus of filamentous, anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria in the phylum Fusobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Fusobacterium genus level.
NCI

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Fusobacterium – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus FUSOBACTERIUM.
MSH

Infection with anaerobic gram-negative bacteria of the genus Fusobacterium. It results in abscess formation and tissue damage.
NCI

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Fusobacterium necrophorum

A species of gram-negative, non-spore-forming bacteria isolated from the natural cavities of man and other animals and from necrotic lesions, abscesses, and blood.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Fusobacterium necrophorum.
NCI

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Future

A time that is yet to come.
NCI

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G-aktin

The monomeric form of actin.
NCI

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antigravitační obleky

Double-layered inflatable suits which, when inflated, exert pressure on the lower part of the wearer`s body. The suits are used to improve or stabilize the circulatory state, i.e., to prevent hypotension, control hemorrhage, and regulate blood pressure. The suits are also used by pilots under positive acceleration.
MSH

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G(M1) gangliosid

A specific monosialoganglioside that accumulates abnormally within the nervous system due to a deficiency of GM1-b-galactosidase, resulting in GM1 gangliosidosis.
MSH

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G(M2) gangliosid

A glycosphingolipid that accumulates due to a deficiency of hexosaminidase A or B (BETA-N-ACETYLHEXOSAMINIDASES), or GM2 activator protein, resulting in GANGLIOSIDOSES, heredity metabolic disorders that include TAY-SACHS DISEASE and SANDHOFF DISEASE.
MSH

A glycosphingolipid antigen expressed by a variety of human cancer cells. GM2 containing vaccines have been shown to elicit antibodies production in melanoma patients without deleterious effects associated with an immune response to GM2. Mutations in at least 1 of 3 recessive genes: HEXA, HEXB, and GM2A cause defects in GM2 catabolism, leading to lysosomal lipid storage disorders that manifest primarily as neurodegenerative diseases, including Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff Disease.
NCI

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G(M3) gangliosid

A ganglioside present in abnormally large amounts in the brain and liver due to a deficient biosynthetic enzyme, G(M3):UDP-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase. Deficiency of this enzyme prevents the formation of G(M2) ganglioside from G(M3) ganglioside and is the cause of an anabolic sphingolipidosis.
MSH

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GABA

The most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system.
MSH

a chemical substance released by nerves in the brain
CHV

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Gabon

A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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gadolinium

Gadolinium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25. Its oxide is used in the control rods of some nuclear reactors.
MSH

element of the rare earth family of metals, atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25; chelated gadolinium is used as a paramagnetic contrast agent in magnetic resonance imaging, and Gd153 is used in dual photon absorptiometry.
CSP

A metal element that is used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and other imaging methods. It is a contrast agent, which helps show abnormal tissue in the body during imaging with a special machine.
NCI

An element with atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25.
NCI

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Gaffkya anaerobia

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Anaerococcus tetradius.
NCI

A species of anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This bacteria is urease positive, indole and coagulase negative, ferments glucose and mannose but does not produces acid from raffinose. A. tetradius is a commensal organism of the mouth, skin, gastrointestinal and urinary tract and is considered an opportunistic pathogens in cases of immunosuppression or trauma.
NCI

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Gaffkya homari

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This bacteria is catalase negative, alpha hemolytic, produces acid from maltose, lactose, sucrose and trehalose, and produces beta glucuronidase. A. viridans is rarely pathogenic in humans but may be associated with urinary tract infections and endocarditis in immunocompromised patients.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Aerococcus viridans.
NCI

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gag-onc fúzové proteiny

General name for the translation products of a fusion mRNA consisting of a gag gene and a viral oncogene (v-onc). These products are thought to have the ability to transform cells.
MSH

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