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gag-pol fúzové proteiny

Polyprotein products of a fused portion of retroviral mRNA containing the gag and pol genes. The polyprotein is synthesized only five percent of the time since pol is out of frame with gag, and is generated by ribosomal frameshifting.
MSH

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dávení

Clinical manifestation of the digestive system consisting of contraction of the muscle of the pharynx caused by stimulation of sensory receptors on the soft palate, by psychic stimuli, or systemically by drugs.
MSH

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chůze (způsob)

Manner or style of walking.
MSH

manner of running, walking, or moving on foot; applicable to humans or animals.
CSP

A pattern or manner of running, walking, or moving on foot.
NCI

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galaktany

Polysaccharides composed of repeating galactose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
MSH

polymers composed of galactose residues and occurring in plants, for example, agar.
CSP

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galaktokinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the formation of galactose 1-phosphate and ADP from ATP and D-galactose. Galactosamine can also act as the acceptor. A deficiency of this enzyme results in GALACTOSEMIA. EC 2.7.1.6.
MSH

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galaktosamin

amino sugar derivative of galactose, substituted at the 2 position; occurs in a variety of glycosaminoglycans and complex polysaccharides, such as blood group substances, and is generally acetylated.
CSP

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galaktosa

An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.
MSH

aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins.
CSP

A hexose which is almost identical to glucose except that orientation of -H and -OH on carbon 4 are exchanged, making it an epimer at C-4 of glucose (in Fisher projection).
NCI

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galaktosadehydrogenasy

D-Galactose:NAD(P)+ 1-oxidoreductases. Catalyzes the oxidation of D-galactose in the presence of NAD+ or NADP+ to D-galactono-gamma-lactone and NADH or NADPH. Includes EC 1.1.1.48 and EC 1.1.1.120.
MSH

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galaktosaoxidasa

An enzyme that oxidizes galactose in the presence of molecular oxygen to D-galacto-hexodialdose. It is a copper protein. EC 1.1.3.9.
MSH

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galaktosémie

A group of inherited enzyme deficiencies which feature elevations of GALACTOSE in the blood. This condition may be associated with deficiencies of GALACTOKINASE; UDPGLUCOSE-HEXOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYLYLTRANSFERASE; or UDPGLUCOSE 4-EPIMERASE. The classic form is caused by UDPglucose-Hexose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase deficiency, and presents in infancy with FAILURE TO THRIVE; VOMITING; and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. Affected individuals also may develop MENTAL RETARDATION; JAUNDICE; hepatosplenomegaly; ovarian failure (PRIMARY OVARIAN INSUFFICIENCY); and cataracts. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp61-3)
MSH

group of inherited enzyme deficiencies which feature elevations of galactose in the blood; this condition may be associated with deficiencies of galactokinase, UDP glucose-hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (classic form), or UDP glucose 4-epimerase; the classic form presents in infancy with failure to thrive, vomiting, and intracranial hypertension; affected individuals also may develop mental retardation, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, ovarian failure and cataracts.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the GALE, GALK1, and GALT genes. It is characterized by deficiency of the enzymes responsible for the metabolism of galactose. Signs and symptoms include intellectual disability, hepatomegaly, hepatic failure, and renal failure.
NCI

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UTP-hexosa-1-fosfáturidylyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of UDPgalactose from UTP and galactose-1-phosphate. It is present in low levels in fetal and infant liver, but increases with age, thereby enabling galactosemic infants who survive to develop the capacity to metabolize galactose. EC 2.7.7.10.
MSH

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galaktosafosfáty

Phosphoric acid esters of galactose.
MSH

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galaktosidasy

A family of galactoside hydrolases that hydrolyze compounds with an O-galactosyl linkage. EC 3.2.1.-.
MSH

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galaktosidy

Glycosides formed by the reaction of the hydroxyl group on the anomeric carbon atom of galactose with an alcohol to form an acetal. They include both alpha- and beta-galactosides.
MSH

glycosides formed by the reaction of the hydroxyl group on the anomeric carbon atom of galactose with an alcohol to form an acetal.
CSP

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galaktosylceramidasa

An enzyme that hydrolyzes galactose from ceramide monohexosides. Deficiency of this enzyme may cause globoid cell leukodystrophy (LEUKODYSTROPHY, GLOBOID CELL). EC 3.2.1.46.
MSH

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galaktosylceramidy

Cerebrosides which contain as their polar head group a galactose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in beta-galactosidase, is the cause of galactosylceramide lipidosis or globoid cell leukodystrophy.
MSH

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galaktosyltransferasy

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of galactose from a nucleoside diphosphate galactose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
MSH

nonEC.
CSP

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a galactosyl group from a donor to an acceptor compound. The acceptor molecule is frequently a carbohydrate moiety.
NCI

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Galago

A genus of the family Lorisidae having four species which inhabit the forests and bush regions of Africa south of the Sahara and some nearby islands. The four species are G. alleni, G. crassicaudatus, G. demidovii, and G. senegalensis. There is another genus, Euoticus, containing two species which some authors have included in the Galago genus.
MSH

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galantamin

A benzazepine derived from norbelladine. It is found in GALANTHUS and other AMARYLLIDACEAE. It is a cholinesterase inhibitor that has been used to reverse the muscular effects of GALLAMINE TRIETHIODIDE and TUBOCURARINE and has been studied as a treatment for ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other central nervous system disorders.
MSH

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triethojodid gallaminia

A synthetic nondepolarizing blocking drug. The actions of gallamine triethiodide are similar to those of TUBOCURARINE, but this agent blocks the cardiac vagus and may cause sinus tachycardia and, occasionally, hypertension and increased cardiac output. It should be used cautiously in patients at risk from increased heart rate but may be preferred for patients with bradycardia. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p198)
MSH

synthetic nondepolarizing blocking drug.
CSP

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žlučník

A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.
MSH

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the hepatic duct and distally terminates in the fundus of the gallbladder. Examples: There is only one gallbladder.
UWDA

storage reservoir for bile secretion; allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the cystic duct to the duodenum, for degradation of dietary lipid.
CSP

The pear-shaped organ found below the liver. Bile is concentrated and stored in the gallbladder.
NCI

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the cystic duct and distally terminates in the fundus of the gallbladder. Examples: There is only one gallbladder.
FMA

A pear-shaped organ located under the liver that stores and concentrates bile secreted by the liver. From the gallbladder the bile is delivered through the bile ducts into the intestine thereby aiding the digestion of fat-containing foods. (NCI)
NCI

A pear-shaped organ located under the liver that stores and concentrates bile secreted by the liver. From the gallbladder the bile is delivered through the bile ducts into the intestine thereby aiding the digestion of fat-containing foods.
NCI

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žlučník – nemoci

Diseases of the GALLBLADDER. They generally involve the impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the gallbladder; generally involves the impairment of bile flow, gallstones in the biliary tract, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.
CSP

Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid made by your liver to digest fat. As your stomach and intestines digest food, your gallbladder releases bile through a tube called the common bile duct. The duct connects your gallbladder and liver to your small intestine.

Your gallbladder is most likely to give you trouble if something blocks the flow of bile through the bile ducts. That is usually a gallstone. Gallstone attacks usually happen after you eat. Signs of a gallstone attack may include nausea, vomiting, or pain in the abdomen, back, or just under the right arm.

Many gallbladder problems get better with removal of the gallbladder. Fortunately, the gallbladder is an organ that you can live without. Bile has other ways of reaching your small intestine.


MEDLINEPLUS

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the gallbladder. Representative examples of non-neoplastic disorders include acute and chronic cholecystitis, often associated with the presence of gallstones. Representative examples of neoplastic disorders include adenoma, carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma.
NCI

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nádory žlučníku

Tumors or cancer of the gallbladder.
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm affecting the gallbladder. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include lipoma, leiomyoma, and neurofibroma. Representative examples of malignant neoplasms include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma.
NCI

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kyselina gallová

A colorless or slightly yellow crystalline compound obtained from nutgalls. It is used in photography, pharmaceuticals, and as an analytical reagent.
MSH

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galium

A rare, metallic element designated by the symbol, Ga, atomic number 31, and atomic weight 69.72.
MSH

rare, metallic element; symbol Ga, atomic number 31, and atomic weight 69.72.
CSP

An element with atomic symbol Ga, atomic number 31, and atomic weight 69.7. A rare silvery (usually trivalent) metallic element; brittle at low temperatures but liquid above room temperature; occurs in trace amounts in bauxite and zinc ores.
NCI

a kind of chemical element
CHV

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galium – isotopy

Stable gallium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element gallium, but differ in atomic weight. Ga-71 is a stable gallium isotope.
MSH

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galium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of gallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ga atoms with atomic weights 63-68, 70 and 72-76 are radioactive gallium isotopes.
MSH

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gallopamil

Coronary vasodilator that is an analog of iproveratril (VERAPAMIL) with one more methoxy group on the benzene ring.
MSH

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galvanická kožní odpověď

A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
MSH

change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring during changing emotional states and in certain other conditions.
CSP

A change in the heat and electricity passed through the skin by nerves and sweat. Skin conduction increases in certain emotional states and during hot flashes that happen with menopause.
NCI

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Gambie

A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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