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thiosírany

Inorganic salts of thiosulfuric acid possessing the general formula R2S2O3.
MSH

sulfate group in which one or more oxygen atoms is replaced by sulfur.
CSP

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kyseliny thiosulfonové

Inorganic or organic oxy acids of sulfur which contain the general formula RS2O2H.
MSH

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thiothixen

A thioxanthine used as an antipsychotic agent. Its effects are similar to the phenothiazine antipsychotics.
MSH

A thioxanthene derivative and a dopamine antagonist with antipsychotic property. Thiothixene blocks postsynaptic dopamine receptors in the mesolimbic system and medullary chemoreceptor trigger zone, thereby decreasing dopamine activity leading to decreased stimulation of the vomiting center and psychotic effects, such as hallucinations and delusions. In addition, this agent blocks the D2 somatodendritic autoreceptor, thereby increasing dopamine turnover. Thiothixene possesses weak affinity for the histamine H1 and alpha-adrenergic receptors.
NCI

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thiouracil

Occurs in seeds of Brassica and Crucifera species. Thiouracil has been used as antithyroid, coronary vasodilator, and in congestive heart failure although its use has been largely supplanted by other drugs. It is known to cause blood dyscrasias and suspected of terato- and carcinogenesis.
MSH

antimetabolite used to treat hyperthyroidism, angina pectoris, and congestive heart failure, and as an experimental metabolic probe.
CSP

A sulfur-containing uracil. An established antithyroid drug and highly selective inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), thiouracil also covalently binds to dopaquinone, produced by tyrosinase catalyzed oxidation of tyrosine, thereby selectively accumulating in de novo-synthesized melanin in overactive melanin-producing cells and providing a means to localize melanoma cells. (NCI04)
NCI

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thiomočovina

A photographic fixative used also in the manufacture of resins. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck Index, 9th ed). Many of its derivatives are ANTITHYROID AGENTS and/or FREE RADICAL SCAVENGERS.
MSH

(NH2)2C=S; precursor and metabolite of 2-thiouracil, used for similar purposes.
CSP

A white crystalline solid, both naturally occurring and synthetic, that is soluble in water, ammonium thiocyanate solution and ethanol. In the past, it was used as a photographic toning agent, a component of hair preparations and a dry cleaning agent. Currently, it is only used in animal glue liquefiers and silver tarnish removers. When heated to decomposition, thiourea emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. Long-term exposure of humans to thiourea may cause bone marrow damage, resulting in reduced levels of red blood cells, white blood cells and/or platelets. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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thiouridin

A photoactivable URIDINE analog that is used as an affinity label.
MSH

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thioxantheny

Compounds with three aromatic rings in linear arrangement with a SULFUR in the center ring.
MSH

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thiram

A dithiocarbamate chemical, used commercially in the rubber processing industry and as a fungicide. In vivo studies indicate that it inactivates the enzyme GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE. It has mutagenic activity and may induce chromosomal aberrations.
MSH

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žízeň

A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.
MSH

sensation associated with a craving to drink, ordinarily interpreted as a desire for water.
CSP

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arteriae thoracicae

Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles, mammary gland and the axillary aspect of the chest wall.
MSH

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hrudník – nemoci

Disorders affecting the organs of the thorax.
MSH

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ductus thoracicus

The largest lymphatic vessel that passes through the chest and drains into the SUBCLAVIAN VEIN.
MSH

Lymphatic trunk that connects all tributaries of the thoracic duct tree to the trunk of the left brachiocephalic vein. Examples: There is only one thoracic duct tree.
FMA

Lymphatic tree (organ) connected to the confluence of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins. Examples: There is only one thoracic duct tree.
UWDA

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hrudník – poranění

General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
MSH

damage inflicted on the upper part of the trunk as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
CSP

The chest is the part of the body between your neck and your abdomen. It includes the ribs and breastbone. Inside your chest are several organs, including the heart, lungs, and esophagus. The pleura, a large thin sheet of tissue, lines the inside of the chest cavity.

Chest injuries and disorders include


MEDLINEPLUS

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hrudník – nádory

new abnormal tissue of the thorax that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm involving the tissues of the thorax.
NCI

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hrudní nervy

The twelve spinal nerves on each side of the thorax. They include eleven INTERCOSTAL NERVES and one subcostal nerve. Both sensory and motor, they supply the muscles and skin of the thoracic and abdominal walls.
MSH

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syndrom horní hrudní apertury

A neurovascular syndrome associated with compression of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS; SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY; and SUBCLAVIAN VEIN at the superior thoracic outlet. This may result from a variety of anomalies such as a CERVICAL RIB, anomalous fascial bands, and abnormalities of the origin or insertion of the anterior or medial scalene muscles. Clinical features may include pain in the shoulder and neck region which radiates into the arm, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of brachial plexus innervated muscles, PARESTHESIA, loss of sensation, reduction of arterial pulses in the affected extremity, ISCHEMIA, and EDEMA. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp214-5).
MSH

If you have thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), the nerves or blood vessels just below your neck are compressed, or squeezed. It can be between the muscles of your neck and shoulder or between the first rib and collarbone. You may feel burning, tingling and numbness along your arm, hand, and fingers. If a nerve is compressed, you may also feel weakness in your hand. If a vein is compressed, your hand might be sensitive to cold, or turn pale or bluish. Your arm might swell and tire easily.

TOS can be a repetitive stress injury. An extra rib, scar tissue, traumatic injury or inherited defects can also cause TOS. Treatment depends on what caused your TOS. Medicines, physical therapy and relaxation might help. Surgery may also be an option. Most people recover.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A syndrome resulting from the compression of the blood vessels or nerves in the space between the clavicle and first rib (thoracic outlet). It is caused by car accident injuries or repetitive job or sport-related injuries. Signs and symptoms include pain in the shoulders and neck, numbness in the fingers, and weakening grip.
NCI

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rentgendiagnostika hrudníku

X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
MSH

An x-ray of the structures inside the chest. An x-ray is a type of high-energy radiation that can go through the body and onto film, making pictures of areas inside the chest, which can be used to diagnose disease.
NCI

An x-ray examination of the chest.
NCI

X ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity; not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
CSP

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hrudní chirurgie

A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
MSH

A branch of medicine dealing with the use of surgery to treat diseases of the chest and lungs. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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hrudní obratle

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

One of 12 vertebrae in the human vertebral column. The thoracic vertebrae are situated between the seventh cervical vertebra down to the first lumbar vertebra. (NCI)
NCI

One of 12 vertebrae in the human vertebral column. The thoracic vertebrae are situated between the seventh cervical vertebra down to the first lumbar vertebra.
NCI

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torakoplastika

Surgical removal of ribs, allowing the chest wall to move inward and collapse a diseased lung. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Surgical removal of a rib to gain access during surgery or to collapse the chest wall and a diseased lung.
NCI

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torakoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.
MSH

Examination of the inside of the chest, using a thoracoscope. A thoracoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the thoracic cavity.
NCI

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torakostomie

Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) into the chest cavity for drainage; used in the treatment of pleural effusion, pneumothorax, hemothorax and empyema.
MSH

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torakotomie

Surgical incision into the chest wall.
MSH

An operation to open the chest.
NCI

Surgical opening of the mediastinum.
NCI

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thorium

Thorium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol Th, atomic number 90, and atomic weight 232.04. It is used as fuel in nuclear reactors to produce fissionable uranium isotopes. Because of its radioopacity, various thorium compounds are used to facilitate visualization in roentgenography.
MSH

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oxid thoričitý

Thorium oxide (ThO2). A radiographic contrast agent that was used in the early 1930s through about 1954. High rates of mortality have been linked to its use and it has been shown to cause liver cancer.
NCI

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threonin

An essential amino acid occurring naturally in the L-form, which is the active form. It is found in eggs, milk, gelatin, and other proteins.
MSH

alpha-amino beta-hydroxy butyric acid, a natural amino acid essential for optimal growth in infants and for nitrogen equilibrium in adults.
CSP

Amino acid with side chain -CH(OH)CH3.
NCI

An essential amino acid in humans (provided by food), Threonine is an important residue of many proteins, such as tooth enamel, collagen, and elastin. An important amino acid for the nervous system, threonine also plays an important role in porphyrin and fat metabolism and prevents fat buildup in the liver. Useful with intestinal disorders and indigestion, threonine has also been used to alleviate anxiety and mild depression. (NCI04)
NCI

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threonindehydratasa

A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that catalyzes the deamination of THREONINE to 2-ketobutyrate and AMMONIA. The role of this enzyme can be biosynthetic or biodegradative. In the former role it supplies 2-ketobutyrate required for ISOLEUCINE biosynthesis, while in the latter it is only involved in the breakdown of threonine to supply energy. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.2.1.16.
MSH

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threonin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates threonine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.3.
MSH

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trombastenie

A congenital bleeding disorder with prolonged bleeding time, absence of aggregation of platelets in response to most agents, especially ADP, and impaired or absent clot retraction. Platelet membranes are deficient in or have a defect in the glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex (PLATELET GLYCOPROTEIN GPIIB-IIIA COMPLEX).
MSH

platelet abnormality characterized by defective clot formation, impaired aggregation, and prolonged bleeding time; other manifestations include nosebleeds, inappropriate bruising, and excessive bleeding.
CSP

A rare, autosomal recessive inherited and less frequently acquired platelet disorder. It is characterized by deficient or dysfunctional glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex. It leads to defective platelet aggregation, resulting in bleeding.
NCI

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tromboelastografie

Use of a thrombelastograph, which provides a continuous graphic record of the physical shape of a clot during fibrin formation and subsequent lysis.
MSH

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