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abetalipoproteinémie

An autosomal recessive disorder of lipid metabolism. It is caused by mutation of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein that catalyzes the transport of lipids (TRIGLYCERIDES; CHOLESTEROL ESTERS; PHOSPHOLIPIDS) and is required in the secretion of BETA-LIPOPROTEINS (low density lipoproteins or LDL). Features include defective intestinal lipid absorption, very low serum cholesterol level, and near absent LDL.
MSH

disorder of lipid metabolism inherited as an autosomal recessive trait characterized by the near absence of apolipoprotein B and apoB containing lipoproteins in plasma; microsomal triglyceride transfer protein is deficient or absent in enterocytes; clinical and laboratory findings include acanthocytosis, hypocholesterolemia, peripheral neuropathy, posterior column degeneration, ataxia, and steatorrhea; intellectual abilities may also be impaired.
CSP

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by defective absorption of dietary fat, cholesterol and fat-soluble vitamins. It results in multiple vitamin deficiencies. Signs and symptoms include failure to thrive, diarrhea, steatorrhea, acanthocytosis and ataxia.
NCI

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LISERI SISTEMAKO SORTZETIKO ANOMALIA

Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
MSH

A birth defect is a problem that happens while a baby is developing in the mother`s body. Most birth defects happen during the first 3 months of pregnancy. One out of every 33 babies in the United States is born with a birth defect.

A birth defect may affect how the body looks, works or both. Some birth defects like cleft lip or neural tube defects are structural problems that can be easy to see. To find others, like heart defects, doctors use special tests. Birth defects can vary from mild to severe. Some result from exposures to medicines or chemicals. For example, alcohol abuse can cause fetal alcohol syndrome. Infections during pregnancy can also result in birth defects. For most birth defects, the cause is unknown.

Some birth defects can be fatal. Babies with birth defects may need surgery or other medical treatments. Today, doctors can diagnose many birth defects in the womb. This enables them to treat or even correct some problems before the baby is born.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

Any abnormality, anatomical or biochemical, evident at birth or during the neonatal period.
NCI

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teratologic

Used with organs for congenital defects producing changes in the morphology of the organ. It is used also for abnormalities in animals.
MSH

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abnormality vyvolané léky

Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
MSH

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abnormality vyvolané zářením

Congenital changes in the morphology of organs produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
MSH

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder which results from exposure to radiation. Examples of non-neoplastic disorders include dermatitis, enteritis, stomatitis, pneumonitis, and cerebritis. Examples of neoplastic disorders include myelodysplastic syndromes, leukemias, and sarcomas.
NCI

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krevní skupiny – systém ABO

The major human blood type system which depends on the presence or absence of two antigens A and B. Type O occurs when neither A nor B is present and AB when both are present. A and B are genetic factors that determine the presence of enzymes for the synthesis of certain glycoproteins mainly in the red cell membrane.
MSH

the major human blood type system, which depends on the presence or absence of the two antigenic structures, A and B.
CSP

A blood group system based on recognition of inherited differences in the H antigen as expressed on erythrocytes.
NCI

A system used to group human blood into different types, based on the presence or absence of certain markers on the surface of red blood cells. The four main blood types are A, B, O, and AB. For a blood transfusion, the ABO blood group system is used to match the blood type of the donor and the person receiving the transfusion. People with blood type O can donate blood to anyone and are called universal donors. People with blood type AB can accept blood from all donors and are called universal recipients. People with type A or B can receive matching blood or type O blood.
NCI

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slez

The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the “true” stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black`s Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
MSH

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potracený fétus

Products of conception expelled or removed upon miscarriage or termination of a pregnancy.
NCI

A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.
MSH

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abortiva

Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.
MSH

class of drugs which induce abortion.
CSP

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abortiva nesteroidní

Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.
MSH

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abortiva steroidní

Steroidal compounds with abortifacient activity.
MSH

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HAURGALTZEA, BEREZKOA

Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
MSH

the natural premature expulsion from the uterus of the products of conception, the embryo, or non-viable fetus.
CSP

Loss of the products of conception from the uterus before the fetus is viable; spontaneous abortion.
NCI

A miscarriage is the loss of pregnancy from natural causes before the 20th week of pregnancy. Most miscarriages occur very early in the pregnancy, often before a woman even knows she is pregnant. There are many different causes for a miscarriage. In most cases, there is nothing you can do to prevent a miscarriage.

Factors that may contribute to miscarriage include

  • A genetic problem with the fetus. This is the most common cause in the first trimester.
  • Problems with the uterus or cervix. These contribute in the second trimester.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

Signs of a miscarriage can include vaginal spotting or bleeding, abdominal pain or cramping, and fluid or tissue passing from the vagina. Although vaginal bleeding is a common symptom of miscarriage, many women have spotting early in their pregnancy but do not miscarry. But if you are pregnant and have bleeding or spotting, contact your health care provider immediately.

Women who miscarry early in their pregnancy usually do not need any treatment. In some cases, you may need a procedure called a dilatation and curettage (D&C) to remove tissue remaining in the uterus.

Counseling may help you cope with your grief. Later, if you do decide to try again, work closely with your health care provider to lower the risks. Many women who have a miscarriage go on to have healthy babies.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

Expulsion of the products of conception before the completion of gestation without deliberate interference.
NCI

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žadatelky o potrat

Individuals requesting induced abortions.
MSH

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potrat nezákonný

Illegal termination of pregnancy.
MSH

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potrat eugenický

Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.
MSH

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potrat habituální

Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
MSH

spontaneous expulsion of a dead or non-viable fetus in 3 or more consecutive pregnancies at or about the same period of development.
CSP

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potrat neúplný

Premature loss of PREGNANCY in which not all the products of CONCEPTION have been expelled.
MSH

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potrat legální

Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
MSH

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potrat zamlklý

The retention in the UTERUS of a dead FETUS two months or more after its DEATH.
MSH

Retention in uterus of an abortus that has been dead at least 4 weeks.
NCI

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potrat septický

Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.
MSH

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potrat léčebný

Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Intentional end of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus to preserve the health of the gravida (pregnant female).
NCI

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potrat hrozící

UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.
MSH

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potrat veterinární

Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
MSH

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odreagování

A process in psychotherapy in which the patient is “desensitized” to emotionally painful, often forgotten (repressed) memories by recalling and reacting to them in the “safety” of the treatment setting.
MSH

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abrin

A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.
MSH

very toxic lectin from seeds of Abrus precatorius.
CSP

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předčasné odlučování placenty

Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.
MSH

The separation of the placenta from the maternal uterine attachment when it occurs after the twentieth week of the pregnancy.
NCI

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absces

Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
MSH

An abscess is a pocket of pus. You can get an abscess almost anywhere in your body. When an area becomes infected, your body`s immune system tries to fight it. White blood cells go to the infected area, collect within the damaged tissue and cause inflammation. During this process, pus forms. Pus is the buildup of fluid, living and dead white blood cells, dead tissue and bacteria or other foreign substances.

Bacteria, viruses, parasites and swallowed objects can all lead to abscesses. Skin abscesses are easy to detect. They are red, raised and painful. Abscesses inside your body may not be obvious and can damage organs, including the brain, lungs and others. Treatments include drainage and antibiotics.


MEDLINEPLUS

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kyselina abscisová

Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.
MSH

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absentérství

Chronic absence from work or other duty.
MSH

failure to appear, especially for work or school.
CSP

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Absidia

A genus of zygomycetous fungi, family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, which sometimes causes infection in humans.
MSH

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