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adenosindifosfátglukosa

Serves as the glycosyl donor for formation of bacterial glycogen, amylose in green algae, and amylopectin in higher plants.
MSH

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adenosindifosfátribosa

An ester formed between the aldehydic carbon of RIBOSE and the terminal phosphate of ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE. It is produced by the hydrolysis of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD) by a variety of enzymes, some of which transfer an ADP-ribosyl group to target proteins.
MSH

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adenosindifosfátové cukry

Esters formed between the aldehydic carbon of sugars and the terminal phosphate of adenosine diphosphate.
MSH

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adenosinkinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of ADP plus AMP from adenosine plus ATP. It can serve as a salvage mechanism for returning adenosine to nucleic acids. EC 2.7.1.20.
MSH

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adenosinmonofosfát

Adenylic acid. Adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2`-, 3`-, or 5`-position.
MSH

nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly converted to ADP and ATP.
CSP

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adenosinfosfosulfát

5`-Adenylic acid, monoanhydride with sulfuric acid. The initial compound formed by the action of ATP sulfurylase on sulfate ions after sulfate uptake. Synonyms: adenosine sulfatophosphate; APS.
MSH

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purinergní receptory P1

A class of cell surface receptors that prefer ADENOSINE to other endogenous PURINES. Purinergic P1 receptors are widespread in the body including the cardiovascular, respiratory, immune, and nervous systems. There are at least two pharmacologically distinguishable types (A1 and A2, or Ri and Ra).
MSH

One of the purinergic P1 receptors that prefers adenosine to other endogenous purines.
NCI

The three conserved (GPCR Family) widely expressed types of Adenosine Receptors (A1, A2, A3) exhibit specific patterns of ligand binding and unique tissue distributions. Each cell-surface integral membrane protein receptor contains a 7 transmembrane domain and interacts with a heterotrimeric G protein complex in response to adenosine ligand to stimulate or suppress cAMP accumulation through adenylate cyclase activation or inhibition. Regulating diverse physiologic functions (cardiac rate and contractility, smooth muscle tone, sedation, release of neurotransmitters, platelet function, lipolysis, renal function, white blood cell function, and spermatozoal capacitation), adenosine receptors modulate the activity of neuronal populations, platelets, neutrophils, and mast cells, and smooth muscle cells in bronchi and vasculature. A potent biologic mediator, most effects of adenosine protect cells during stress.
NCI

Cell surface receptors that bind to adenosine. These receptors have an enhanced affinity for adenosine and preferentially bind to this nucleoside compared to other purine moieties present within the body. Two types of receptors, termed A1 and A2, have been identified and they are both widely expressed in the body.
NCI

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adenosintrifosfatasy

in addition to the classic mitochondrial enzyme, many structural (e.g. myosin) and transport (e.g. ion pump) proteins include an ATPase domain.
CSP

A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.
MSH

ATPases are a group of enzymes that catalyze ATP hydrolysis coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA. Many structural (e.g. myosin) and transport (e.g. ion pump) proteins include an ATPase domain.
NCI

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F1-ATPase

The catalytic sector of proton-translocating ATPase complexes. It contains five subunits named alpha, beta, gamma, delta and eta.
MSH

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ATPasy přenášející vápník

Cation-transporting proteins that utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis for the transport of CALCIUM. They differ from CALCIUM CHANNELS which allow calcium to pass through a membrane without the use of energy.
MSH

family of ATP-driven, transmembrane molecular pumps which maintain concentration gradients of calcium across a variety of cell membranes, the most notable being sarcoplasmic reticulum term not valid for FY 92.
CSP

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ATPasa Ca(2+) Mg(2+)

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP and is activated by millimolar concentrations of either Ca(2+) or Mg(2+). Unlike CA(2+)-TRANSPORTING ATPASE it does not require the second divalent cation for its activity, and is not sensitive to orthovanadate. (Prog Biophys Mol Biol 1988;52(1):1). A subgroup of EC 3.6.1.3.
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sodíko-draslíková ATPasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the active transport system of sodium and potassium ions across the cell wall. Sodium and potassium ions are closely coupled with membrane ATPase which undergoes phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, thereby providing energy for transport of these ions against concentration gradients.
MSH

family of ouabain-sensitive, ATP-driven, transmembrane molecular pumps which maintain opposing concentration gradients of sodium and potassium across cell membranes term not valid for FY 92.
CSP

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adenosintrifosfát

An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
MSH

adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety; in addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
CSP

A substance present in all living cells that provides energy for many metabolic processes and is involved in making RNA. Adenosine triphosphate made in the laboratory is being studied in patients with advanced solid tumors to see if it can decrease weight loss and improve muscle strength.
NCI

An adenine nucleotide comprised of three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety, found in all living cells. Adenosine triphosphate is involved in energy production for metabolic processes and RNA synthesis. In addition, this substance acts as a neurotransmitter. In cancer studies, adenosine triphosphate is synthesized to examine its use to decrease weight loss and improve muscle strength.
NCI

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Adenoviridae

nonenveloped, ds-DNA in single linear molecule, at least 10 polypeptides, assembly of virus particle in nucleus of usually one host, transmission by direct or indirect contact with urine or feces in throat or eye.
CSP

A family of non-enveloped viruses infecting mammals (MASTADENOVIRUS) and birds (AVIADENOVIRUS) or both (ATADENOVIRUS). Infections may be asymptomatic or result in a variety of diseases.
MSH

A member of a family of viruses that can cause infections in the respiratory tract, eye, and gastrointestinal tract. Forms of adenoviruses that do not cause disease are used in gene therapy. They carry genes that may fix defects in cells or kill cancer cells.
NCI

a kind of virus that can cause the common cold
CHV

One of a number of genetically-engineered adenoviruses designed to insert a gene of interest into a eukaryotic cell where the gene of interest is subsequently expressed. Unlike most other vectors, adenovirus vectors have the ability to infect post-mitotic cells. Thus, these agents are especially useful for gene transfer into neuronal cells. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43029&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43029&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C1890″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A group of DNA containing viruses which infect mammals and are capable of causing respiratory disease, including one form of the common cold.
NCI

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Adenoviridae – infekce

Virus diseases caused by the ADENOVIRIDAE.
MSH

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adenovirové infekce lidí

Respiratory and conjunctival infections caused by 33 identified serotypes of human adenoviruses.
MSH

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adenoviry ptačí

A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects birds. The type species is FOWL ADENOVIRUS A.
MSH

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adenoviry lidské

Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS, causing a wide range of diseases in humans. Infections are mostly asymptomatic, but can be associated with diseases of the respiratory, ocular, and gastrointestinal systems. Serotypes (named with arabic numbers) have been grouped into species designated Human adenovirus A-F.
MSH

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adenoviry opičí

Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS associated with respiratory and enteric infections in primate hosts.
MSH

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adenylátcyklasa

An enzyme of the lyase class that catalyzes the formation of CYCLIC AMP and pyrophosphate from ATP. EC 4.6.1.1.
MSH

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adenylátkináza

An enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of AMP to ADP in the presence of ATP or inorganic triphosphate. EC 2.7.4.3.
MSH

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adenylsukcinátlyasa

An enzyme that, in the course of purine ribonucleotide biosynthesis, catalyzes the conversion of 5`-phosphoribosyl-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole to 5`-phosphoribosyl-4-carboxamide-5-aminoimidazole and the conversion of adenylosuccinic acid to AMP. EC 4.3.2.2.
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adenylsukcinátsynthasa

A carbon-nitrogen ligase. During purine ribonucleotide biosynthesis, this enzyme catalyzes the synthesis of adenylosuccinate from GTP; IMP; and aspartate with the formation of orthophosphate and GDP. EC 6.3.4.4.
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adenylylimidodifosfát

5`-Adenylic acid, monoanhydride with imidodiphosphoric acid. An analog of ATP, in which the oxygen atom bridging the beta to the gamma phosphate is replaced by a nitrogen atom. It is a potent competitive inhibitor of soluble and membrane-bound mitochondrial ATPase and also inhibits ATP-dependent reactions of oxidative phosphorylation.
MSH

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tkáně – adheze

Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
MSH

Adhesions are bands of fibrous tissue. They can connect the loops of the intestines to each other, to nearby organs or to the wall of the abdomen. They can pull sections of the intestines out of place. This may block food from passing through the intestine.

Sometimes adhesions are present at birth. But most of them form after surgery on the abdomen. Some adhesions don`t cause any problems. But when they partly or completely block the intestines, they cause symptoms. These can include crampy abdominal pain, vomiting, bloating, an inability to pass gas and constipation.

Some adhesions go away by themselves. If they partly block your intestines, a diet low in fiber can allow food to move easily through the affected area. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the adhesions. But surgery to correct adhesions can increase the risk of more adhesions.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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adhezivita

A property of the surface of an object that makes it stick to another surface.
MSH

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adheziva

Substances that cause the adherence of two surfaces. They include glues (properly collagen-derived adhesives), mucilages, sticky pastes, gums, resins, or latex.
MSH

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Adieho syndrom

A syndrome characterized by a TONIC PUPIL that occurs in combination with decreased lower extremity reflexes. The affected pupil will respond more briskly to accommodation than to light (light-near dissociation) and is supersensitive to dilute pilocarpine eye drops, which induce pupillary constriction. Pathologic features include degeneration of the ciliary ganglion and postganglionic parasympathetic fibers that innervate the pupillary constrictor muscle. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p279)
MSH

A rare syndrome characterized by an abnormally dilated pupil, hypoflexia, and diaphoresis. The syndrome is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. The abnormally dilated pupil is caused by damage to postganglionic parasympathetic fibers innervating the eye.
NCI

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kyseliny adipové

A group of dicarboxylic acids that are structurally related to hexanedioic acid (adipic acid). (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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tuková tkáň

Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
MSH

Dense irregular connective tissue, which predominantly consists of adipocytes.
UWDA

connective tissue composed of fat cells lodged in the meshes of areolar tissue.
CSP

Dense irregular connective tissue, which predominantly consists of adipocytes.
FMA

A specialized form of connective tissue consisting primarily of adipocytes (fat cells), surrounded by a meshwork of collagen fibers.
NCI

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