Additional pages

adipositas dolorosa

A rare disease characterized by multiple tumor-like fatty deposits that press on nerves in various sites causing pain and weakness. Often these lipoma-like structures are located on the trunk and limbs but sparing the face and hands.
MSH

A rare genetic disorder characterized by the development of painful lipomas during adulthood, especially in menopausal women. Associated symptoms include fatigue, obesity, confusion and depression.
NCI

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poruchy přizpůsobení

Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.
MSH

A condition in which a person responds to a stressful event (such as an illness, job loss, or divorce) with extreme emotions and actions that cause problems at work and home.
NCI

A category of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by emotional or behavioral symptoms that develop within 3 months of a stressor and do not persist for more than an additional 6 months after the stressor is no longer present.
NCI

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adjuvancia imunologická

Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund`s adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.
MSH

A drug that stimulates the immune system to respond to disease.
NCI

a drug that stimulates the immune system
CHV

A substance that increases the ability of the immune system to fight infection and disease.
NCI

Substances that stimulate the immune system.
NCI

Adjuvants are mostly pharmacological agents of drug or biological origin used to modify the antigenicity of immunization components, i.e., to stimulate, potentiate, or depress the immune response or to inhibit or enhance specific subclasses of immunocytes. Adjuvants augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. Classical agents (Freund`s adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum) contain bacterial antigens. Some adjuvants are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. Since adjuvants enhance the body`s immune response, they can be considered a type of immune modulator.
NCI

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adjuvancia farmaceutická

Agents that aid or increase the action of the principle drug (DRUG SYNERGISM) or that affect the absorption, mechanism of action, metabolism, or excretion of the primary drug (PHARMACOKINETICS) in such a way as to enhance its effects.
MSH

An agent that enhances the activity or therapeutic effect of another pharmacologic substance without having much, if any, therapeutic impact by itself.
NCI

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řízení

Performing or possessing executive duties; acting as a supervisor or manager.
NCI

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administration & dosage

Used with drugs for dosage forms, routes of administration, frequency and duration of administration, quantity of medication, and the effects of these factors.
MSH

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aplikace bukální

Administration of a soluble dosage form between the cheek and gingiva. It may involve direct application of a drug onto the buccal mucosa, as by painting or spraying.
MSH

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kožní aplikace

The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.
MSH

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aplikace inhalační

The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
MSH

administration of a substance intranasally or by breathing it into the lungs from the surrounding air.
CSP

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aplikace intranazální

Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.
MSH

Price: $1.00

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aplikace intravaginální

The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.
MSH

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aplikace intravezikální

The instillation or other administration of drugs into the bladder, usually to treat local disease, including neoplasms.
MSH

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aplikace orální

The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
MSH

route of drug or nutrient intake via the mouth.
CSP

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aplikace sublingvální

Administration of a soluble dosage form by placement under the tongue.
MSH

Sublingual


HL7V3.0

Administration beneath the tongue. (FDA)
NCI

Administration of a drug beneath the tongue. The route provides rapid absorption, the drug immediately enters the bloodstream without first passing through the intestinal wall and liver. However, most drugs cannot be taken this way because they may be absorbed incompletely or erratically.
NCI

Sublingual


HL7V3.0

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aplikace místní

The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
MSH

drug applied to a particular surface area, usually affecting only the area to which it is applied.
CSP

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Administrative Districts

A location defined for administrative purposes.
NCI

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správní pracovníci

individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.
CSP

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přijímací oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department responsible for the flow of patients and the processing of admissions, discharges, transfers, and also most procedures to be carried out in the event of a patient`s death.
MSH

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adnexa uteri

Appendages of the UTERUS which include the FALLOPIAN TUBES, the OVARY, and the supporting ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).
MSH

The fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments of the uterus. (MeSH)
NCI

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adnexa – nemoci

Diseases of the uterine appendages (ADNEXA UTERI) including diseases involving the OVARY, the FALLOPIAN TUBES, and ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).
MSH

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adnexitida

Inflammation of the uterine appendages (ADNEXA UTERI) including infection of the FALLOPIAN TUBES (SALPINGITIS), the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), or the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS).
MSH

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adolescence

period of life beginning with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and terminating with the cessation of somatic growth; typically between 12 and 20 years of age; when school grades are referenced, this age group is typically grade 5 or 6 and above; also index with appropriate human and clinical research terms.
CSP

The time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood.
NCI

The period of life beginning with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and terminating with the cessation of somatic growth. The years usually referred to as adolescence lie between 13 and 18 years of age.
MSH

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chování mladistvých

Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
MSH

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dorostové lékařství

A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period beginning with puberty until the cessation of somatic growth.
MSH

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dorostová psychiatrie

The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.
MSH

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dorostová psychologie

Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
MSH

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mladiství hospitalizovaní

Adolescent hospitalized for short term care.
MSH

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mladiství umístění v ústavech

An adolescent who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
MSH

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adopce

Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one`s own child, usually with legal confirmation.
MSH

Adoption brings a child born to other parents into a new family. Birth parents have a number of reasons for placing children for adoption. In the end, it`s usually because they want better lives for their children than they feel they can provide.

Children who are eligible for adoption come from many different settings. Some are in foster care, a temporary home setting. Other children live in orphanages or with birth relatives until they can be adopted.

There are different kinds of adoption. Whether the adoption is international versus domestic depends on whether a child is born in another country or born within the United States.


MEDLINEPLUS

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adosterol

A sterol usually substituted with radioactive iodine. It is an adrenal cortex scanning agent with demonstrated high adrenal concentration and superior adrenal imaging.
MSH

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