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pacientova přání ohledně budoucí terapie

Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

What kind of medical care would you want if you were too ill or hurt to express your wishes? Advance directives are legal documents that allow you to convey your decisions about end-of-life care ahead of time. They provide a way for you to communicate your wishes to family, friends and health care professionals, and to avoid confusion later on.

A living will tells how you feel about care intended to sustain life. You can accept or refuse medical care. There are many issues to address, including

  • The use of dialysis and breathing machines
  • If you want to be resuscitated if breathing or heartbeat stops
  • Tube feeding
  • Organ or tissue donation

A durable power of attorney for health care is a document that names your health care proxy. Your proxy is someone you trust to make health decisions if you are unable to do so.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A legal document that states the treatment or care a person wishes to receive or not receive if he or she becomes unable to make medical decisions (for example, due to being unconscious or in a coma). Some types of advance directives are living wills and do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders.
NCI

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aspects of adverse effects

Used with drugs, chemicals, or biological agents in accepted dosage – or with physical agents or manufactured products in normal usage – when intended for diagnostic, therapeutic, prophylactic, or anesthetic purposes. It is used also for adverse effects or complications of diagnostic, therapeutic, prophylactic, anesthetic, surgical, or other procedures, but excludes contraindications for which “contraindications” is used.
MSH

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inzerce jako téma

The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television.
CSP

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Aedes

genus of mosquitoes; are vectors for many diseases including yellow fever, dengue, equine encephalomyelitis, and filariasis.
CSP

A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
MSH

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aequorin

A photoprotein isolated from the bioluminescent jellyfish Aequorea. It emits visible light by an intramolecular reaction when a trace amount of calcium ion is added. The light-emitting moiety in the bioluminescence reaction is believed to be 2-amino-3-benzyl-5-(p-hydroxyphenyl)pyrazine (AF-350).
MSH

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Klebsiella pneumoniae

gram negative, non motile, capsulated, gas producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
CSP

Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile, oxidase negative, and produces acid from glucose, mannitol, rhamnose, arabinose and amygdalin. K. ozaenae is pathogenic and a causative agent of ozena/atrophic rhinitis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Klebsiella pneumoniae.
NCI

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aerobik

exercise designed to improve an individual`s cardiovascular condition.
CSP

Physical activity that increases the heart rate and the body`s use of oxygen. It helps improve a person`s physical fitness.
NCI

Sustained exercise that places an increased oxygen demand on the cardiovascular system and promotes an increased efficiency of the body`s use of oxygen.
NCI

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aerobióza

life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
CSP

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Aerococcus

A genus of gram-positive cocci in the family AEROCOCCACEAE, occurring as airborne saprophytes.
MSH

A genus of aerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes and the family Aerococcaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Aerococcus genus level.
NCI

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Aeromonas

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs singly, in pairs, or in short chains. Its organisms are found in fresh water and sewage and are pathogenic to humans, frogs, and fish.
MSH

A genus of Gram negative, rod shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Aeromonadaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Aeromonas genus level.
NCI

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aerofagie

Spasmodic swallowing of air.
MSH

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aerosoly – propelenty

Compressed gases or vapors in a container which, upon release of pressure and expansion through a valve, carry another substance from the container. They are used for cosmetics, household cleaners, and so on. Examples are BUTANES; CARBON DIOXIDE; FLUOROCARBONS; NITROGEN; and PROPANE. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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Aerosols

suspension of fine solid or liquid particles in gas; a substance dispensed from a pressurized container; includes the container and process used to dispense the aerosol.
CSP

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letecké a kosmické lékařství

That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
MSH

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Polymyxin B Sulfate

The sulfate salt form of polymyxin B, a mixture of the polypeptides polymyxins B1 and B2, both obtained from Bacillus polymyxa strains, with antimicrobial activity. Polymyxin B exerts its antimicrobial effect through its cationic detergent action on cell membranes. Specifically, this antibiotic binds to the negatively charged site in the lipopolysaccharide layer of the bacterial cell membrane via electrostatic affinity with the positively charged amino groups in the cyclic peptide portion. Subsequently, the fatty acid portion of polymyxin B dissolves in the hydrophobic region of the bacterial cell membrane. This results in an alteration in cell membrane structure, disruption of cell wall integrity and an increase in permeability for water and molecules. This will eventually lead to bacterial cell death.
NCI

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afekt

The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
MSH

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HUNKIOR PSIKOSIA

Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.
MSH

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afektivní symptomy

Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.
MSH

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syndrom přívodné kličky

A complication of gastrojejunostomy (BILLROTH II PROCEDURE), a reconstructive GASTROENTEROSTOMY. It is caused by acute (complete) or chronic (intermittent) obstruction of the afferent jejunal loop due to HERNIA, intussusception, kinking, VOLVULUS, etc. It is characterized by PAIN and VOMITING of BILE-stained fluid.
MSH

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aferentní nervové dráhy

Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.
MSH

Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center. (MeSH)
NCI

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afinita – označení

Analogs of those substrates or compounds which bind naturally at the active sites of proteins, enzymes, antibodies, steroids, or physiological receptors. These analogs form a stable covalent bond at the binding site, thereby acting as inhibitors of the proteins or steroids.
MSH

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Afghánistán

A country in Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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afibrinogenémie

A deficiency or absence of fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

deficiency or absence of fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) in the blood.
CSP

A usually inherited blood coagulation disorder characterized by the lack of fibrinogen in the blood, resulting in bleeding.
NCI

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aflatoxiny

Furano-furano-benzopyrans that are produced by ASPERGILLUS from STERIGMATOCYSTIN. They are structurally related to COUMARINS and easily oxidized to an epoxide form to become ALKYLATING AGENTS. Members of the group include AFLATOXIN B1; aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin G1, aflatoxin G2; AFLATOXIN M1; and aflatoxin M2.
MSH

a group of closely related toxic metabolites that are designated mycotoxins; produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus.
CSP

A harmful substance made by certain types of mold (Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus) that is often found on poorly stored grains and nuts. Consumption of foods contaminated with aflatoxin is a risk factor for primary liver cancer.
NCI

A group of closely related toxic metabolites that are designated mycotoxins. They are produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. Members of the group include aflatoxin B1; aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin G1, aflatoxin G2; aflatoxin M1; and aflatoxin M2. (MeSH)
NCI

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Afrika

second largest continent, after Asia, covering about one-fifth of the total land surface of the Earth; the continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans.
CSP

The continent located south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the India Ocean.
NCI

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Afrika subsaharská

All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
MSH

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Afrika střední

The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
MSH

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Afrika východní

The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
MSH

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Afrika severní

The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
MSH

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Afrika jižní

The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
MSH

Description:Realm code for use of Southern Africa


HL7V3.0

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