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Afrika západní

The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D`IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
MSH

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africká choroba koní

An insect-borne reovirus infection of horses, mules and donkeys in Africa and the Middle East; characterized by pulmonary edema, cardiac involvement, and edema of the head and neck.
MSH

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virus africké choroby koní

A species of ORBIVIRUS that causes disease in horses, mules, and donkeys. Via its principal vector CULICOIDES, it can also infect dogs, elephants, camels, cattle, sheep, goats, and, in special circumstances, humans.
MSH

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africký mor prasat

A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
MSH

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virus africké horečky prasat

The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
MSH

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následná péče

The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.
MSH

continuing treatment program that takes place after hospital discharge
CHV

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obraz následný

Continuation of visual impression after cessation of stimuli causing the original image.
MSH

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agamaglobulinémie

An immunologic deficiency state characterized by an extremely low level of generally all classes of gamma-globulin in the blood.
MSH

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agar

A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.
MSH

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Agaricales

extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly call mushrooms.
CSP

An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.
MSH

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Agaricus

A basidiomycetous fungal genus of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales, which includes the field mushroom (A. campestris) and the commercial mushroom (A. bisporus).
MSH

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Age

How long something has existed; elapsed time since birth.
NCI

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věk – stanovení podle kostry

Establishment of the age of an individual by examination of their skeletal structure.
MSH

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věkové rozložení

The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
MSH

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věkové faktory

Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
MSH

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staří

A person 65 through 79 years of age. For a person older than 79 years, AGED, 80 AND OVER is available.
MSH

An age group comprised by people 65 years of age and older. (NCI)
NCI

An age group comprised by people 65 years of age and older.
NCI

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staří nad 80 let

A person 80 years of age and older.
MSH

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Agentura Spojených států pro mezinárodní rozvoj

An independent Federal agency established in 1961 as the focal point for economic matters affecting U.S. relations with developing countries.
MSH

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ageuzie

Complete or severe loss of the subjective sense of taste, frequently accompanied by OLFACTION DISORDERS.
MSH

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aglutinace

The clumping together of suspended material resulting from the action of AGGLUTININS.
MSH

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aglutinace – testy

Tests that are dependent on the clumping of cells, microorganisms, or particles when mixed with specific antiserum. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

mixing of antibodies with their corresponding antigens on the surface of large, easily sedimented particles such as animal cells, erythrocytes, or bacteria; the antibodies cross-link the particles, forming visible clumps.
CSP

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aglutininy

Substances, usually of biological origin, that cause cells or other organic particles to aggregate and stick to each other. They include those ANTIBODIES which cause aggregation or agglutination of particulate or insoluble ANTIGENS.
MSH

antibody or other substance that reacts with surface antigens of particles, such as red cells and bacteria, to agglutinate them.
CSP

A substance that makes particles (such as bacteria or cells) stick together to form a clump or a mass.
NCI

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agrese

Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
MSH

form of behavior which leads to self-assertion; it may arise from innate drives and/or a response to frustration; may be manifested by destructive and attacking behavior, by covert attitudes of hostility and obstructionism, or by healthy self-expressive drive to mastery.
CSP

A behavioral interaction between organisms in which one organism has the intention of inflicting physical damage on another individual. [GOC:hjd]
GO

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stárnutí

The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
MSH

the gradual physiological changes that occur with the passage of time; includes from birth to death; may be used for any species.
CSP

The inherent decline over time, from the optimal fertility and viability of early maturity, that may precede death and may be preceded by other indications, such as sterility. [GOC:dph, GOC:ems]
GO

The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
NCI

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agmatin

Decarboxylated arginine, isolated from several plant and animal sources, e.g., pollen, ergot, herring sperm, octopus muscle.
MSH

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primární myelofibróza

A de novo myeloproliferation arising from an abnormal stem cell. It is characterized by the replacement of bone marrow by fibrous tissue, a process that is mediated by CYTOKINES arising from the abnormal clone.
MSH

A chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by bone marrow fibrosis, proliferation of atypical megakaryocytes and granulocytes in the bone marrow, anemia, splenomegaly, and extramedullary hematopoiesis. The cause is unknown. The median survival time is 3-5 years from diagnosis. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

A progressive, chronic disease in which the bone marrow is replaced by fibrous tissue and blood is made in organs such as the liver and the spleen, instead of in the bone marrow. This disease is marked by an enlarged spleen and progressive anemia.
NCI

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agnozie

Loss of the ability to comprehend the meaning or recognize the importance of various forms of stimulation that cannot be attributed to impairment of a primary sensory modality. Tactile agnosia is characterized by an inability to perceive the shape and nature of an object by touch alone, despite unimpaired sensation to light touch, position, and other primary sensory modalities.
MSH

loss of the ability to distinguish the significance of stimuli; may be auditory, visual, olfactory, tactile, or gustatory.
CSP

A rare disorder characterized by the lack of ability to recognize individuals, objects, shapes, sounds, or smells. There is no loss of memory. It is caused by neurological damage in the brain, specifically in the occipital or parietal lobes.
NCI

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agonistické chování

Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
MSH

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agorafobie

Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.
MSH

intense, irrational fear of open spaces, characterized by marked fear of being alone or of being in public places where escape would be difficult or help might not be available.
CSP

An anxiety disorder characterized by an intense, irrational fear of venturing out into open places or situations in which help (or escape) might not be available should excessive anxiety or panic symptoms develop.
NCI

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Agorafobie bez panické poruchy v anamnéze

An anxiety disorder characterized by agoraphobia in the absence of a history of panic attacks; the individual fears incapacitation or humiliation in open, public places or situations due to panic-like symptoms rather than a full-blown panic attack.
NCI

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