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gangliosidóza

A group of autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorders marked by the accumulation of GANGLIOSIDES. They are caused by impaired enzymes or defective cofactors required for normal ganglioside degradation in the LYSOSOMES. Gangliosidoses are classified by the specific ganglioside accumulated in the defective degradation pathway.
MSH

group of often fatal inherited diseases marked by the accumulation of gangliosides in lysosomes secondary to enzymatic deficiency states; gangliosidoses include Tay-Sachs disease, gangliosidosis GM1, gangliosidoses GM2, and Sandhoff disease; which share the infantile or childhood onset of central nervous system deterioration.
CSP

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gangréna

Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.
MSH

death and decay of body tissue, often occurring in a limb, caused by insufficient blood supply and usually following injury or disease.
CSP

Death of tissue, usually in considerable mass and generally associated with loss of vascular (nutritive) supply and followed by bacterial invasion and putrefaction.
NCI

Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply
CHV

Gangrene is the death of tissues in your body. It happens when a part of your body loses its blood supply. Gangrene can happen on the surface of the body, such as on the skin, or inside the body, in muscles or organs. Causes include:

Skin symptoms may include a blue or black color, pain, numbness, and sores that produce a foul-smelling discharge. If the gangrene is internal, you may run a fever, feel unwell, and the area may be swollen and painful.

Treatment includes surgery, antibiotics, and oxygen therapy. In severe cases an amputation may be necessary.


MEDLINEPLUS

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odpadky

Discarded animal and vegetable matter from a kitchen or the refuse from food preparation. (From Random House College Dictionary, 1982)
MSH

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Gardnerův syndrom

A variant of ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS COLI caused by mutation in the APC gene (GENES, APC) on CHROMOSOME 5. It is characterized by not only the presence of multiple colonic polyposis but also extracolonic ADENOMATOUS POLYPS in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT; the EYE; the SKIN; the SKULL; and the FACIAL BONES; as well as malignancy in organs other than the GI tract.
MSH

A variant of familiar adenomatous polyposis. It is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by multiple colonic polyps predisposing to carcinoma of the colon, osteomas of the skull, epidermoid cysts, and fibromas. It is associated with mutation of the APC gene.
NCI

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Gardnerella vaginalis

The only species in the genus GARDNERELLA, and previously classed as Haemophilus vaginalis. This bacterium, also isolated from the female genital tract of healthy women, is implicated in the cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL). It occasionally causes postpartum bacteremia and bacteremia following a transurethral resection of the prostate.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Gardnerella vaginalis.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria. This species has a very thin cell wall that may appear Gram negative under the microscope. G. vaginalis may be found in the genital tract or pharynx of humans and is a causative agent of bacterial vaginosis.
NCI

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Allium sativum

Garlic plants are closely related to and similar to onions and they have a similar, but stronger odor. The leaves of garlic plants are neither inflated like onion leaves nor tubular like those of bunching onions. Instead, they are flat, with a crease down the middle and are held erect in two opposite ranks. Most varieties stand about 1-2 ft (0.3-0.6 m) tall at maturity. Garlic plants produce an underground bulb that usually is divisible into 6-20 segments, called cloves. Garlic contains compounds that are antibacterial, antifungal and reduce blood clotting.
NCI

A European plant that has a bulb used to flavor food. It has also been used in some cultures to treat certain medical conditions including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, infections, and cancer. The scientific name is Allium sativum.
NCI

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gangréna plynatá

A severe condition resulting from bacteria invading healthy muscle from adjacent traumatized muscle or soft tissue. The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases.
MSH

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plyn – otrava

condition or physical state produced by exposure to a deleterious gas.
CSP

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plyn – čističe

Apparatus for removing exhaled or leaked anesthetic gases or other volatile agents, thus reducing the exposure of operating room personnel to such agents, as well as preventing the buildup of potentially explosive mixtures in operating rooms or laboratories.
MSH

A gas-scavenging apparatus is a device intended to collect excess anesthetic, analgesic, or trace gases or vapors from a patient`s breathing system, ventilator, or extracorporeal pump-oxygenator, and to conduct these gases out of the area by means of an exhaust system.
SPN

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zemní plyn

A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

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plyny

The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart.
CSP

A fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely.
NCI

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plyny vzácné

noble gases; group of elemental gases that generally do not react chemically.
CSP

Elements that constitute group 18 (formerly the zero group) of the periodic table. They are gases that generally do not react chemically.
MSH

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benzin

Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
MSH

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gastrektomie

Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

An operation to remove all or part of the stomach.
NCI

Surgical removal of part or all of the stomach.
NCI

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žaludeční kyselina

Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.
MSH

hydrochloric acid present in the gastric juice.
CSP

Acid that is released into the stomach from glands in the stomach wall. It helps digest food. Gastric acid is made of hydrochloric acid.
NCI

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žaludeční acidita – stanovení

Gastric analysis for determination of free acid or total acid.
MSH

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žaludeční balónek

An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.
MSH

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žaludek – bypass

Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
MSH

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žaludek – vyprazdňování

The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
MSH

evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
CSP

The process in which the liquid and liquid-suspended solid contents of the stomach exit through the pylorus into the duodenum. [GOC:cy, ISBN:9781416032458]
GO

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žaludek – píštěl

Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.
MSH

abnormal passage communicating with the stomach; often applied to an artificially created opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (gastrostoma).
CSP

An abnormal communication between the stomach and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the stomach and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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žaludeční fundus

The superior portion of the body of the stomach above the level of the cardiac notch.
MSH

The portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch. It allows for the accumulation of gases produced by chemical digestion. (NCI)
NCI

The portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch. It allows for the accumulation of gases produced by chemical digestion.
NCI

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žaludek – hypotermie

A method of lowering core BODY TEMPERATURE by filling the STOMACH with chilled fluids.
MSH

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žaludeční inhibiční polypeptid

A gastrointestinal peptide hormone of about 43-amino acids. It is found to be a potent stimulator of INSULIN secretion and a relatively poor inhibitor of GASTRIC ACID secretion.
MSH

secreted by the mucosa of the upper small intestine; has a mild effect in decreasing motor activity of the stomach and therefore slowing the emptying of gastric contents into the duodenum.
CSP

a kind of gastrointestinal hormone
CHV

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žaludeční šťáva

The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor`s Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)
MSH

liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (gastric acid), pepsinogens, intrinsic factor, gastrin, mucus, and the bicarbonates.
CSP

The digestive secretions of the gastric glands in the stomach, consisting mainly of pepsin, hydrochloric acid, rennin, and mucin.
NCI

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žaludeční muciny

Mucins that are found on the surface of the gastric epithelium. They play a role in protecting the epithelial layer from mechanical and chemical damage.
MSH

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žaludeční sliznice

Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.
MSH

surface epithelium in the stomach that invaginates into the lamina propria, forming gastric pits.
CSP

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gastrinom

A GASTRIN-secreting neuroendocrine tumor of the non-beta ISLET CELLS, the GASTRIN-SECRETING CELLS. This type of tumor is primarily located in the PANCREAS or the DUODENUM. Majority of gastrinomas are malignant. They metastasize to the LIVER; LYMPH NODES; and BONE but rarely elsewhere. The presence of gastrinoma is one of three requirements to be met for identification of ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME, which sometimes occurs in families with MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA TYPE 1; (MEN 1).
MSH

A gastrin-producing endocrine neoplasm of the non-beta islet cells. It is usually located in the pancreas but it is also found at other anatomic sites, including the stomach and small intestine.
NCI

A tumor that causes overproduction of gastric acid. It usually begins in the duodenum (first part of the small intestine that connects to the stomach) or the islet cells of the pancreas. Rarely, it may also begin in other organs, including the stomach, liver, jejunum (the middle part of the small intestine), biliary tract (organs and ducts that make and store bile), mesentery, or heart. It is a type of neuroendocrine tumor, and it may metastasize (spread) to the liver and the lymph nodes.
NCI

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gastriny

A family of gastrointestinal peptide hormones that excite the secretion of GASTRIC JUICE. They may also occur in the central nervous system where they are presumed to be neurotransmitters.
MSH

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gastritida

Inflammation of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, a lesion observed in a number of unrelated disorders.
MSH

inflammation of the stomach.
CSP

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the stomach.
NCI

Inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
NCI

Inflammation of the stomach.
NCI

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gastritida atrofická

GASTRITIS with atrophy of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS, and the mucosal glands leading to ACHLORHYDRIA. Atrophic gastritis usually progresses from chronic gastritis.
MSH

A condition in which the stomach muscles shrink and become weak. The digestive (peptic) glands may also shrink, resulting in a lack of digestive juices.
NCI

Inflammation of the body fundic mucosa of the stomach. It results from the development of autoantibodies against the parietal and chief cells. It is associated with the presence of intestinal metaplasia and an increased risk of developing gastric carcinoma.
NCI

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