Additional pages

gastritida hypertrofická

GASTRITIS with HYPERTROPHY of the GASTRIC MUCOSA. It is characterized by giant gastric folds, diminished acid secretion, excessive MUCUS secretion, and HYPOPROTEINEMIA. Symptoms include VOMITING; DIARRHEA; and WEIGHT LOSS.
MSH

Gastritis characterized by hypertrophy of the gastric mucosa with creation of giant gastric folds. It is associated with hypoalbuminemia due to albumin loss from the stomach. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, edema, and weight loss.
NCI

A condition marked by inflammation and ulcers (breaks on the skin or on the surface of an organ) of the mucosa (inner lining) of the stomach and by overgrowth of the cells that make up the mucosa. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss. Patients with giant hypertrophic gastritis may be at a higher risk of stomach cancer.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastroenteritida

INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
MSH

inflammation of any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from esophagus to rectum; causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, hypersensitivity, drug effects, and cancer.
CSP

Have you ever had the "stomach flu?" What you probably had was gastroenteritis – not a type of flu at all. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person. The best prevention is frequent hand washing.

Symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills. Most people recover with no treatment.

The most common problem with gastroenteritis is dehydration. This happens if you do not drink enough fluids to replace what you lose through vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration is most common in babies, young children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
CHV

Inflammation of the lining of the stomach and the intestines. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps (dull or sharp pains). Gastroenteritis may be caused by infection with bacteria, parasites, or viruses. It may also be caused by food poisoning, allergic reactions, or reactions to certain medicines or foods.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

virus přenosné gastroenteritidy prasat

A species of CORONAVIRUS causing a fatal disease to pigs under 3 weeks old.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastroenteritida přenosná prasat

A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a CORONAVIRUS.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastroenterologie

A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
MSH

branch of medicine dealing with the study of disorders affecting the stomach, intestines, and associated organs
CHV

The branch of medicine that focuses on diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastroenterostomie

A variety of surgical reconstructive procedures devised to restore gastrointestinal continuity, The two major classes of reconstruction are the Billroth I (gastroduodenostomy) and Billroth II (gastrojejunostomy) procedures.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastroezofageální reflux

Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
MSH

Your esophagus is the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) happens when a muscle at the end of your esophagus does not close properly. This allows stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it.

You may feel a burning in the chest or throat called heartburn. Sometimes, you can taste stomach fluid in the back of the mouth. This is acid indigestion. If you have these symptoms more than twice a week, you may have GERD.

Anyone, including infants and children, can have GERD. If not treated, it can lead to more serious health problems. In some cases, you might need medicines or surgery. However, many people can improve their symptoms by

  • Avoiding alcohol and spicy, fatty or acidic foods that trigger heartburn
  • Eating smaller meals
  • Not eating close to bedtime
  • Losing weight if needed
  • Wearing loose-fitting clothes

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by reflux of the gastric and/or duodenal contents into the distal esophagus. It is chronic in nature and usually caused by incompetence of the lower esophageal sphincter, and may result in injury to the esophageal mucosal. Symptoms include heartburn and acid indigestion.
NCI

The backward flow of stomach acid contents into the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach).
NCI

The backward flow of liquid from the stomach into the esophagus.
NCI

A chronic disorder characterized by reflux of the gastric and/or duodenal contents into the distal esophagus. It is usually caused by incompetence of the lower esophageal sphincter. Symptoms include heartburn and acid indigestion. It may cause injury to the esophageal mucosa.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální látky

drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.
CSP

NOTE: The “laxatives, other” subclassification (GA209) includes combination products. The digestant subclassification (GA500) includes any single-entity or combination product containing a digestive enzyme. Antacid and simethicone combinations are included in subclassification “antacids, other” (GA199).
NDFRT

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální obsah

The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální nemoci

Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
MSH

disorder in any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth through the anus.
CSP

Diseases of the digestive tract (oral cavity to anus) and associated organs (salivary glands, liver, pancreas). (NCI)
NCI

determination of disorder(s) in any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from the esophagus to the rectum based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

Diseases of the digestive tract (oral cavity to anus) and associated organs (salivary glands, liver, pancreas).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální hemoragie

Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
MSH

escape of blood from the vessels, or bleeding, in the gastrointestinal tract.
CSP

Your digestive or gastrointestinal (GI) tract includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine or colon, rectum and anus. Bleeding can come from one or more of these areas. The amount of bleeding can be so small that only a lab test can find it.

GI bleeding is not a disease, but a symptom of a disease. There are many possible causes of GI bleeding, including

The test used most often to look for the cause of GI bleeding is called endoscopy. It uses a flexible instrument inserted through the mouth or rectum to view the inside of the GI tract. A type of endoscopy called colonoscopy looks at the large intestine.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální hormony

hormones secreted by the gastrointestinal mucosa that affect the timing or the quality of secretion of digestive enzymes, and regulate the motor activity of the digestive system organs.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální motilita

The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální nádory

Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
MSH

new abnormal gastrointestinal tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; use for general gastrointestinal tract neoplasms.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving any part of the gastrointestinal system.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální trakt

The upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is comprised of mouth, pharynx, esophagus and stomach while the lower GI tract consists of intestines and anus. The primary function of the GI tract is to ingest, digest, absorb and ultimately excrete food stuff. (NCI)
NCI

Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
MSH

The upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is comprised of mouth, pharynx, esophagus and stomach while the lower GI tract consists of intestines and anus. The primary function of the GI tract is to ingest, digest, absorb and ultimately excrete food stuff.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrointestinální průchod

Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastroplastika

Surgical procedures involving the STOMACH and sometimes the lower ESOPHAGUS to correct anatomical defects, or to treat MORBID OBESITY by reducing the size of the stomach. There are several subtypes of bariatric gastroplasty, such as vertical banded gastroplasty, silicone ring vertical gastroplasty, and horizontal banded gastroplasty.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastroskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the stomach.
MSH

inspection of the interior of the stomach by means of an endoscope.
CSP

Examination of the inside of the stomach using an endoscope, passed through the mouth and esophagus. An endoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the stomach.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrostomie

Creation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastrointestinal compression.
MSH

Creation of an opening between the stomach and the outside of the body.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gastrula

The developmental stage that follows BLASTULA. It is characterized by the morphogenetic cell movements including invagination, ingression, and involution. Gastrulation begins with the formation of the PRIMITIVE STREAK, and ends with the formation of three GERM LAYERS, the body plan of the mature organism.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

ventrikulografie radionuklidová rovnovážná

Radionuclide ventriculography where scintigraphic data is acquired during repeated cardiac cycles at specific times in the cycle, using an electrocardiographic synchronizer or gating device. Analysis of right ventricular function is difficult with this technique; that is best evaluated by first-pass ventriculography (VENTRICULOGRAPHY, FIRST-PASS).
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Gaucherova nemoc

An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of acid beta-glucosidase (GLUCOSYLCERAMIDASE) leading to intralysosomal accumulation of glycosylceramide mainly in cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. The characteristic Gaucher cells, glycosphingolipid-filled HISTIOCYTES, displace normal cells in BONE MARROW and visceral organs causing skeletal deterioration, hepatosplenomegaly, and organ dysfunction. There are several subtypes based on the presence and severity of neurological involvement.
MSH

autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase featuring the pathological storage of glycosylceramide in mononuclear phagocytes; the most common subtype is the non-neuronopathic form, a slowly progressive condition characterized by hepatosplenomegaly and skeletal deformities; the neuronopathic forms are divided into infantile and juvenile forms; the infantile form presents at 4-5 months of age with anemia, loss of cognitive gains, neck retraction, dysphagia, and hepatosplenomegaly; the juvenile form features a slowly progressive loss of intellect, hepatosplenomegaly, ataxia, myoclonic seizures, and spasticity; the neuronopathic forms are characterized by neuronal loss with neuronophagia, and accumulation of glucocerebroside in neurons.
CSP

An inherited lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. It results in the accumulation of a fatty substance called glucocerebroside in mononuclear cells in the bone marrow, liver, spleen, brain, and kidneys. Signs and symptoms include hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, neurologic disorders, lymphadenopathy, skeletal disorders, anemia and thrombocytopenia.
NCI

Gaucher`s disease is a rare, inherited disorder that causes too much of a substance called glucocerebroside to build up in your spleen, liver, lungs, bones and sometimes in your brain. The buildup prevents these organs from working properly.

There are three types:

  • Type 1, the most common form, causes liver and spleen enlargement, bone pain and broken bones, and, sometimes, lung and kidney problems. It does not involve the brain. It can occur at any age.
  • Type 2, which causes severe brain damage, appears in infants. Most children who have it die by age 2.
  • In type 3, there may be liver and spleen enlargement, and signs of brain involvement appear gradually.

Gaucher`s disease has no cure. Treatment options for types 1 and 3 include medicine and enzyme replacement therapy, which is usually very effective. There is no good treatment for the brain damage of type 2.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

GC bohatá sekvence

A nucleic acid sequence that contains an above average number of GUANINE and CYTOSINE bases.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gefarnát

A water insoluble terpene fatty acid used in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers; it facilitates the healing and function of mucosal tissue.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Geiger-teller

A radiation counter that uses a radiation-counter tube, operated in the Geiger range, to detect and count ionizing particles. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

imunodifuze

technique involving the diffusion of antigen or antibody through a semisolid medium, usually agar or agarose gel, with the result being a precipitin reaction.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

želatina

A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.
MSH

soluble protein produced by boiling collagen in water.
CSP

A general purpose reagent is a chemical reagent that has general laboratory application, that is used to collect, prepare, and examine specimens from the human body for diagnostic histopathology, cytology, and hematology, and that is not labeled or otherwise intended for a specific diagnostic application. General purpose reagents include cytological preservatives, decalcifying reagents, fixatives and adhesives, tissue processing reagents, isotonic solutions, and pH buffers.
SPN

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gelfoam

Sterile, gelatin-base surgical sponge applied topically as an adjunct to hemostasis when the control of bleeding by conventional procedures is ineffective to reduce capillary ooze or is impractical. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p797)
MSH

A sterile hemostatic agent composed of purified porcine-derived gelatin. In regional chemotherapy, absorbable gelatin sponge may be used to embolize arteries in the region of a tumor in order to block or retard blood flow; this blockage results in a locally increased concentration of chemotherapeutic agents delivered to the tumor when chemotherapeutic agents are infused into the embolized arterial circulation upstream of the blockage. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=355797&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=355797&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C38705″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A sterile hemostatic agent composed of purified porcine-derived gelatin. In regional chemotherapy, absorbable gelatin sponge may be used to embolize arteries in the region of a tumor in order to block or retard blood flow; this blockage results in a locally increased concentration of chemotherapeutic agents delivered to the tumor when chemotherapeutic agents are infused into the embolized arterial circulation upstream of the blockage.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gely

Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
MSH

A semisolid (1) dosage form that contains a gelling agent to provide stiffness to a solution or a colloidal dispersion (2). A gel may contain suspended particles. Note 1: A semisolid is not pourable; it does not flow or conform to its container at room temperature. It does not flow at low shear stress and generally exhibits plastic flow behavior. Note 2: A colloidal dispersion is a system in which particles of colloidal dimension (i.e., typically between 1 nm and 1 micrometer) are distributed uniformly throughout a liquid. (NCI)
NCI

A semi-solid composed of a solid, three dimensional, cross linked matrix of polymers within a liquid, yielding a jelly-like material unable to flow at steady state.
NCI

A semisolid system consisting of either suspensions made up of small inorganic particles or large organic molecules interpenetrated by a liquid.


HL7V3.0

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

gemfibrozil

A lipid-regulating agent that lowers elevated serum lipids primarily by decreasing serum triglycerides with a variable reduction in total cholesterol. These decreases occur primarily in the VLDL fraction and less frequently in the LDL fraction. Gemfibrozil increases HDL subfractions HDL2 and HDL3 as well as apolipoproteins A-I and A-II. Its mechanism of action has not been definitely established.
MSH

lipid regulating agent that lowers elevated serum lipids primarily by decreasing serum triglycerides with a variable reduction in total cholesterol.
CSP

A fibric acid derivative with hypolipidemic effects. Gemfibrozil interacts with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARalpha) resulting in PPARalpha-mediated stimulation of fatty acid oxidation and an increase in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) synthesis. This enhances triglyceride-rich lipoprotein clearance and reduces the expression of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III). The reduction in hepatic production of apoC-III results in subsequent reduction of serum levels of very-low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C). In addition, gemfibrozil-mediated PPARalpha stimulation of apoA-I and apoA-II expression results in an increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…