Additional pages

hlezenní kloub

The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
MSH

A gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus. (NCI)
NCI

A gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus.
NCI

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ankylóza

Fixation and immobility of a joint.
MSH

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Annelida

phylum of metazoan invertebrates comprising the segmented worms, and including marine annelids (Polychaeta), freshwater annelids, earthworms (Oligochaeta), and Leeches.
CSP

A phylum of metazoan invertebrates comprising the segmented worms, and including marine annelids (POLYCHAETA), freshwater annelids, earthworms (OLIGOCHAETA), and LEECHES. Only the leeches are of medical interest. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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výročí a významné události

Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.
MSH

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anomie

A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)
MSH

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anomie (psychologie)

A state of social disorganization and demoralization in society which is largely the result of disharmony between cultural goals and the means for attaining them. This may be reflected in the behavior of the individual in many ways – non-conformity, social withdrawal, deviant behavior, etc.
MSH

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anonymy a pseudonymy

Designations for persons whose names are not known or who wish to remain anonymous (anonyms) and for persons who wish to conceal or obscure their identity by assuming a fictitious name (pseudonyms).
MSH

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Anopheles

genus of mosquitoes in the family Culicidae that are known vectors of malaria.
CSP

A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
MSH

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anoftalmie

Congenital absence of the eye or eyes.
MSH

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Anoplura

An order of insects comprising the sucking lice, which are blood-sucking ectoparasites of mammals. Recognized families include: Echinphthiriidae, Haematopinidae, and Pediculidae. The latter contains the medically important genera affecting humans: PEDICULUS and PHTHIRUS.
MSH

A taxonomic order of wingless insects that are obligate ectoparasites of birds and mammals. Lice attach tightly to hair, fur, and feathers of the host organism and feed on blood, skin, and sebaceous secretions.
NCI

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anorexie

The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
MSH

clinical manifestation consisting of a physiopathological lack or loss of appetite accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat.
CSP

An abnormal loss of the appetite for food. Anorexia can be caused by cancer, AIDS, a mental disorder (i.e., anorexia nervosa), or other diseases.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a loss of appetite.
NCI

Loss of appetite.
NCI

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anorexia nervosa

An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

syndrome in which the primary features include excessive fear of becoming overweight, body image disturbance, significant weight loss, refusal to maintain minimal normal weight, and amenorrhea; disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females.
CSP

An eating disorder marked by an intense fear of gaining weight, a refusal to maintain a healthy weight, and a distorted body image. People with anorexia nervosa have an abnormal loss of appetite for food, try to avoid eating, and eat as little as possible.
NCI

A disorder most often seen in adolescent females characterized by a refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, a disturbance in body image, and, in postmenarcheal females, the development of amenorrhea.
NCI

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anosmie

absence of the sense of smell.
CSP

Absence of the sense of smell. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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anovulace

Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.
MSH

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anoxémie

Relatively complete absence of oxygen in arterial blood.
MSH

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anoxie

Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
MSH

Absence or reduction of oxygen in body tissue. (PSY94)
NCI

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mravenčí jedy

Venoms from the superfamily Formicoidea, Ants. They may contain protein factors and toxins, histamine, enzymes, and alkaloids and are often allergenic or immunogenic.
MSH

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antacida

Substances that counteract or neutralize acidity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
MSH

group of agents that counteract or neutralize acidity, used mainly for the treatment of gastrointestinal irritation or ulcers.
CSP

Natural or synthetic compounds or mixtures, Antiacid Preparations such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium citrate, and phosphate salts act as proton acceptors, neutralizing the acidity of a biologic environment (skin, gastric content, urine, etc.) and raising the pH. These agents are used topically or systemically for management of metabolic acidosis, improved muscle contraction, and hyper-acidic conditions (preventing, counteracting, or neutralizing stomach acidity). (NCI04)
NCI

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antagonists & inhibitors

antagonist is any agent which blocks, inhibits, or attenuates the pharmacological action of another agent; can be indexed with other agent or receptor terms to cover specific antagonist types when a specific precoordinated term is not available.
CSP

Used with chemicals, drugs, and endogenous substances to indicate substances or agents which counteract their biological effects by any mechanism.
MSH

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antazolin

An antagonist of histamine H1 receptors.
MSH

An ethylenediamine derivative with histamine H1 antagonistic and sedative properties. Antazoline antagonizes histamine H1 receptor and prevents the typical allergic symptoms caused by histamine activities on capillaries, skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal and bronchial smooth muscles. These histamine activities include vasodilation, bronchoconstriction, increased vascular permeability, pain, itching, and spasmodic contractions of gastrointestinal smooth muscles. Antazoline is used to provide symptomatic relieve of allergic symptoms.
NCI

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Antazoline Phosphate

The phosphate salt of antazoline, an ethylenediamine derivative with histamine H1 antagonistic and sedative properties. Antazoline antagonizes histamine H1 receptor and prevents the typical allergic symptoms caused by histamine activities on capillaries, skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal and bronchial smooth muscles. These histamine activities include vasodilation, bronchoconstriction, increased vascular permeability, pain, itching, and spasmodic contractions of gastrointestinal smooth muscles. Antazoline is used to provide symptomatic relieve of allergic symptoms.
NCI

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antilopy

Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.
MSH

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přední komora oční

The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)
MSH

space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil.
CSP

The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)
NCI

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syndrom předního lože

Rapid swelling, increased tension, pain, and ischemic necrosis of the muscles of the anterior tibial compartment of the leg, often following excessive PHYSICAL EXERTION.
MSH

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přední segment oční

The front third of the eyeball that includes the structures between the front surface of the cornea and the front of the VITREOUS BODY.
MSH

The part of the eye anterior to the lens, including but not limited to the anterior chamber, cornea and related structures.
NCI

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buňky předních rohů míšních

Motor neurons in the anterior (ventral) horn of the spinal cord which project to skeletal muscles.
MSH

Motor neurons in the anterior (ventral) horn of the spinal cord which project to skeletal muscles. (MeSH)
NCI

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antihelmintika

Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
MSH

substance that destroys helminth parasitic worms or prevents their growth or replication; used therapeutically in the treatment of helminthiasis.
CSP

Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of helminthiasis in man and animal. (MeSH)
NCI

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anthokyaniny

A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.
MSH

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anthracene

group of compounds with three aromatic rings joined in linear arrangement.
CSP

Anthracene, also called paranaphthalene or green oil, a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) consisting of three benzene rings derived from coal-tar, is the simplest tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. It is on the EPA`s priority pollutant list. It is ubiquitous in the environment as a product of incomplete combustion of fossil fuels. It has been identified in surface and drinking water, ambient air, exhaust emissions, smoke of cigarettes and cigars, and in smoked foods and edible aquatic organisms. It is primarily used as an intermediate in the production of dyes, smoke screens, scintillation counter crystals, and in organic semiconductor research. Although a large body of literature exists on the toxicity of PAHs, data for anthracene are limited. Prolonged exposure causes variety of topical and systemic adverse reactions. Carcinogenicity bioassays with anthracene generally gave negative results.
NCI

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anthraceny

A group of compounds with three aromatic rings joined in linear arrangement.
MSH

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